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date: 15 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The academic and psychometric literature is filled with many competing knowledge claims related to the confidence with which cognitive and personality tests can be selected, administered, and interpreted with test-takers from culturally diverse groups. There are three broad sources of knowledge claims that can inform consumers about the appropriateness of test usage with individuals from culturally different examinees: (1) conclusions drawn from high-quality empirical research, (2) claims and criticisms embedded in sociopolitical ideologies and crusades, and (3) ethical and legal professional testing standards. Major claims from each of these sources are identified and summarized, followed by an analysis of the compatibility and conflict between information emanating from these knowledge sources.

Keywords: cognitive and personality testing, assessment, legal and ethical test standards, cultural groups, test bias

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