- OXFORD LIBRARY OF PSYCHOLOGY
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- From Communication to Healthy Behavior and Adherence
- Barriers and Keys to Treatment Adherence and Health Behavior Change
- Health Literacy and Information Exchange in Medical Settings
- The Role of Nonverbal Communication in Medical Interactions: Empirical Results, Theoretical Bases, and Methodological Issues
- The Art of Medical Information Exchange
- Partnering with and Involving Patients
- Training for Effective Communication in Healthcare Settings
- Beyond the Dyad: Communication in Triadic (and more) Medical Encounters
- Systemwide Communication
- Health Beliefs and Health Outcomes
- Perceived Risk and its Relationship to Health-Related Decisions and Behavior
- Readiness to Change and the Transtheoretical Model as Applied to Addictive Disorders: A Balanced Appraisal
- Social Comparison and Persuasion Processes in Health Communications
- The Role of Culture in Promoting Effective Clinical Communication, Behavior Change, and Treatment Adherence
- Commitment to Change: An Examination of the Maintenance of Health-Behavior Changes
- Social Networks, Social Support, and Health-Related Behavior
- Technology and Implications for Patient Adherence
- Social and Environmental Barriers to Adherence and Healthy Behavior
- Improving Team Communication for Better Health Behavior
- The Importance of Effective Measurement for Fostering Change
- Pediatric Adherence and Health Behavior Change
- Issues in Adolescent Adherence and Health-Behavior Change
- Issues in Aging, Adherence, and Health-Behavior Change
- Adherence and Health Behavior Change in the Context of Mental Health Challenges
- Managing Complex Regimens: The Psychological Context of Family Management of Pediatric Diabetes
- Health Communication: Implications for Reform and Public Policy
Abstract and Keywords
Although adolescence is the healthiest period in the lifespan, significant health threats are present that require intervention. In this chapter we first provide an overview of developmental transitions during adolescence to provide an important context for understanding health in this period. This is followed by a review of health status and the main threats to health experienced in adolescence, noting that the majority are associated with behaviors. We then discuss in more detail the research and issues related to interventions to prevent or treat four selected health threats: (a) alcohol and illicit substance use, (b) sexual activity, (c) obesity, and (d) diabetes. These health threats illustrate the range of intervention research conducted with adolescents. We end by providing a broader perspective on adolescent health and propose that the development of social and emotional competences is important for optimizing health broadly in adolescence.
Jan L. Wallander is Professor of Psychological Sciences at University of California, Merced since 2007, with a focus on health psychology, where he also is the Co-Director of both the Center of Excellence on Health Disparities and the Health Sciences Research Institute, and Chair of the Chancellor's Task Force on Community Engaged Scholarship.
Chris Fradkin, Global Health Institute, University of California, Merced.
Sarah M. Scott is a graduate student at University of California, Merced.
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