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date: 23 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Emerging adults are on a journey of self-discovery. In a nation founded on religious liberty, it is not surprising that so many emerging adults in the United States are focused on self-exploration concerning their religiousness and spirituality. This chapter addresses how religiousness and spirituality develop over the third decade by noting similarities and differences from previous and coming decades, the nature of religious and spiritual beliefs, the intersection of religious and spiritual development with developmental domains, and the outcomes associated with religiousness and spirituality. The chapter goes on to discuss religious and spiritual socialization contexts of parents, peers, religious communities, universities, and the media, and it delineates the variations in religious and spiritual development concerning gender, sexuality, and culture, as well as the subgroup of nonreligious and atheist emerging adults. The authors note limitations and future research directions for the study of emerging adults’ religiousness and spirituality.

Keywords: emerging adulthood, religion, spirituality, development, spiritual socialization

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