Abstract and Keywords
The increasing population of racial and ethnic minorities calls for more attention to cultural diversity in clinical research. This chapter starts with a definition of culture and a brief discussion of the two parallel approaches to culture within psychology, cross-cultural psychology and racial and ethnic minority psychology. Subsequently, the chapter reviews cross-cultural issues in clinical research along two dimensions, namely the methodological strategies used to undertake clinical research and the methodological challenges encountered in clinical research. The reviewed methodological strategies include clinical case studies, analogue and simulation studies, randomized clinical trials, archival research and secondary data analysis, culture-specific approaches to treatment research, and meta-analysis. Lastly, the chapter discusses five methodological challenges for clinical research with culturally diverse populations, such as sample selection, measurement equivalence, race and ethnicity as demographic versus psychological variables, confounds and intersectionality, and differential research infrastructure.
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