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date: 23 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Freedom of the press has become a popular idea throughout the world. The promise of free expression, however, is not necessarily realized when governments feel that security and stability are threatened. This chapter explains the concept of freedom of the press. The theories and assumptions about freedom of the press, balancing conflicting rights, and societal constraints are reviewed. The chapter then shows how that concept is implemented, discussing legal, political, and economic factors for evaluation. The environmental factors are compared, and the reason behind press freedom violations by governments is discussed. Questions for the future of research on freedom of the press are offered.

Keywords: free press theories, free press versus security needs, mass media, human rights, authoritarian press, Freedom House, journalists’ roles, censorship, press and democracy, press performance

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