- The Oxford Handbook of Computer Music
- Introduction: The Many Futures of Computer Music
- A Historical View of Computer Music Technology
- Early Hardware and Early Ideas in Computer Music: Their Development and Their Current Forms
- Sound Synthesis Using Computers
- Computational Approaches to Composition of Notated Instrumental Music: Xenakis and the Other Pioneers
- Envisaging Improvisation in Future Computer Music
- Computer Music: Some Reflections
- Some Notes on My Electronic Improvisation Practice
- Combining the Acoustic and the Digital: Music for Instruments and Computers or Prerecorded Sound
- Dancing the Music: Interactive Dance and Music
- Gesture and Morphology in Laptop Music Performance
- Sensor-Based Musical Instruments and Interactive Music
- Spatialization and Computer Music
- The Voice in Computer Music and Its Relationship to Place, Identity, and Community
- Algorithmic Synesthesia
- An Introduction to Data Sonification
- Generative Algorithms for Making Music: Emergence, Evolution, and Ecosystems
- Computational Modeling of Music Cognition and Musical Creativity
- Soundspotting: A New Kind of Process?
- Interactivity and Improvisation
- From Outside the Window: Electronic Sound Performance
- Empirical Studies of Computer Sound
- Toward the Gender Ideal
- Sound-Based Music 4 All
- Framing Learning Perspectives in Computer Music Education
- Appendix: A Chronology of Computer Music and Related Events
Abstract and Keywords
Soundspotting is a new approach to creating musical streams by selecting and concatenating source segments from a large audio database using methods from music information retrieval. The soundspotting process computes a similarity score between a target audio segment and all the available segments in the source database and selects the closest-matching source to concatenate to the audio output stream forming a real-time response to the target. Examples of target signals are solo instruments, a synthetic signal generated by an algorithm such as frequency modulation, or a previous output of the soundspotting process, thus yielding an audio information feedback circuit. Soundspotting enhances the techniques of sampling, plunderphonics, remixing, and mashups by adding automatic audio organization and an external driving target signal. This article explores the techniques, technologies, and musical possibilities for soundspotting and shows how it extends the canon of existing computer music methods.
Michael Casey, Dartmouth College
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