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date: 12 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Electronica is a term that appeared in the later 1990s as a descriptor for divergent electronic dance musics (EDMs) and their abstractions. This article aims to engage not only with digital culture in general but also with its necessarily analog roots and the continued existence of hybrid signal chains. Its remit is to concentrate on the age from the founding of the musical instrument digital interface standard (1983), and this coincides with the proliferation of digital equipment, the rise of EDM, and then its multiply fractured and fast breeding offshoots. There are also parallel adventures in digital art, noise music, video jockeying (VJing), live electronics, and a host of other movements touching on the electric and the programmable. Much of the technology itself is available to all, however, and many electronic musics have crossed over into mass appeal, from EDM to the more abstract electronica freely employed in technology commercials.

Keywords: electronica, electronic dance musics, digital culture, hybrid signal chains, musical instrument digital interface

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