- The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes
- Hobbes on Logic, or How to Deal with Aristotle’s Legacy
- Hobbes on Language: Propositions, Truth, and Absurdity
- Hobbes’s Mathematical Thought
- Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century Context
- Hobbes on the Foundations of Natural Philosophy
- The Most Curious of Sciences: Hobbes’s Optics
- Hobbes on Liberty, Action, and Free Will
- Reason, Deliberation, and the Passions
- The State of Nature
- Hobbes on the Family
- Natural Law
- Political Obligation
- Authorization and Representation in Hobbes’s <i>Leviathan</i>
- Hobbes (and Austin, and Aquinas) on Law as Command of the Sovereign
- The Sovereign
- Hobbes and Absolutism
- Sovereign Jurisdiction, Territorial Rights, and Membership in Hobbes
- Hobbes and the Social Control of Unsociability
- Hobbes and Religion Without Theology
- Hobbes, Conscience, and Christianity
- Christianity and Civil Religion in Hobbes’s <i>Leviathan</i>
- Thomas Hobbes’s Ecclesiastical History
- Hobbes’s Thucydides
- Making History: The Politics of Hobbes’s Behemoth
- Hobbes on the Nature and Scope of Poetry
- Hobbes and Paradox
Abstract and Keywords
In Leviathan, Hobbes holds that prospective subjects authorize a sovereign to represent them. Alienation of some rights to the sovereign typically follows upon authorization of him, and representatives are persons. Although this view sounds straightforward, the exact nature of authorization, representation, and personhood has been greatly debated. I will argue first that Hobbes’s best account of the origin of sovereignty (by institution) is the one given in chapter 21 of Leviathan, according to which authorization of the sovereign does not itself involve any alienation of rights, and, second, that the primary political relation of representation is between the sovereign, who is an artificial person, and each individual subject.
A. P. Martinich is Roy Allison Vaughan Centennial of Professor in Philosophy, and Professor of History and Government at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of The Two Gods of Leviathan (1992) and Hobbes: A Biography (1999), Hobbes (2005), and co-editor with David Sosa of The Philosophy of Language 6th edition (2013).
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