- The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes
- Hobbes on Logic, or How to Deal with Aristotle’s Legacy
- Hobbes on Language: Propositions, Truth, and Absurdity
- Hobbes’s Mathematical Thought
- Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century Context
- Hobbes on the Foundations of Natural Philosophy
- The Most Curious of Sciences: Hobbes’s Optics
- Hobbes on Liberty, Action, and Free Will
- Reason, Deliberation, and the Passions
- The State of Nature
- Hobbes on the Family
- Natural Law
- Political Obligation
- Authorization and Representation in Hobbes’s <i>Leviathan</i>
- Hobbes (and Austin, and Aquinas) on Law as Command of the Sovereign
- The Sovereign
- Hobbes and Absolutism
- Sovereign Jurisdiction, Territorial Rights, and Membership in Hobbes
- Hobbes and the Social Control of Unsociability
- Hobbes and Religion Without Theology
- Hobbes, Conscience, and Christianity
- Christianity and Civil Religion in Hobbes’s <i>Leviathan</i>
- Thomas Hobbes’s Ecclesiastical History
- Hobbes’s Thucydides
- Making History: The Politics of Hobbes’s Behemoth
- Hobbes on the Nature and Scope of Poetry
- Hobbes and Paradox
Abstract and Keywords
In addition to the three causes of war mentioned by Hobbes in chapter 13 of Leviathan, he adds stubbornness, unsociability, and arrogance in chapter 15. Since it is impracticable to eliminate these unsociable forms of behavior as illegal, Hobbes considers the recommendation of Italian Renaissance writers on “civil conversation” that such behavior can be inhibited by mocking or ridiculing it. However, he urges that “no man reproach, revile, deride, or any otherwise declare his hatred, contempt, or disesteem of any other” because such behavior causes quarrels and war. While this reasoning is prudential, he also gives a moralistic reason. Scornful laughter is a sign of cowardice and consequently dishonorable. As for dealing with unsociable people, Hobbes’s suggestion is that the sociable must tolerate them, and toleration requires self-control.
Quentin Skinner is the Barber Beaumont Professor of the Humanities at Queen Mary, University of London. Among his books are Reason and Rhetoric in the Philosophy of Hobbes (1996); Hobbes and Civil Science (2002) and Hobbes and Republican Liberty (2008).
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