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date: 18 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In 1980–1981, Moshe Goshen-Gottstein raised the idea of Jewish biblical theology for the first time in a Hebrew article. Since then, Jewish biblical theology has grown steadily as various scholars began to take a closer look at the subject. The movement received further boost when Marvin Sweeney published Tanak: A Theological and Critical Introduction to the Jewish Bible, in which he discusses Jewish biblical theology and attempts a theological and critical reading of the entire Hebrew Bible. This article focuses on the Jewish theology of the Psalms. It first looks at some tenets of Jewish biblical theology and then considers the Mitte or center of the Bible as a key issue in Christian biblical theology. It shows that the center of the Hebrew Bible is not an issue as far as Jewish biblical theology is concerned. It also examines the Jews' interpretations of the Psalms, including those found in Qumran, and presents case studies that reflect on the theological diversity of the Psalter. Finally, the article describes the polyphonic character of the Psalms.

Keywords: Moshe Goshen-Gottstein, Jews, biblical theology, Marvin Sweeney, Hebrew Bible, Jewish theology, Psalms, Qumran, Psalter, Mitte

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