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date: 18 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In the early 20th century, Hermann Gunkel studied the formal and recurring features of the Psalms and classified them into genres still used today, including laments, hymns, and thanksgivings. He also sought to locate the genres in the life of the folk rather than in institutions such as the temple. In the third decade of the 20th century, the communal and cultic setting of the Psalms drew sustained interest from scholars like Sigmund Mowinckel, who focused on the temple setting of the Psalms. This article explores the significance of the psalms in the worship of the temple, including the Jerusalem temple and the temples of the ancient Near East. It also considers the ark of covenant, Psalm 24, and the Psalms in Israel’s three pilgrimage feasts: Passover, Pentecost, and Ingathering. Moreover, the article looks at the association of ancient Near Eastern temples with creation, the importance of the temple liturgy (including the psalms) in furthering the creator’s orderly designs, and divine order.

Keywords: Psalms, worship, Jerusalem, temples, ancient Near East, Psalm 24, pilgrimage feasts, creation, liturgy, divine order

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