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date: 22 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Psalms 37:29 contains the only explicit verbatim quotation from the Bible in the Qur’an (Q.21:105): “and we have decreed in the Book of Psalms (zabūr)—after admonition (dhikr)—that the righteous shall inherit the earth.” The word dhikr is often translated “remembrance,” but for Angelika Neuwirth it means “after the praise.” Q.21:105 is of utmost significance to the theology of the Qur’an and echoed in other Qur’anic verses where inheritance and righteousness are linked to one another. The Bet Hale Disputation bears witness to how Muslims understood this Qur’anic verse, in which the Muslim Emir was engaging in a complicated theological argument with a Christian monk concerning the kingdom of God and how victory is related to salvation. This article discusses the use of psalmic material in the Qur’an and in the Islamic religious imagination. It looks at the history of the Bible (both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament) in Islam and focuses on Al-Biqāʽī, the first Muslim exegete to inquire after the scriptural origins of the quotation in Q.21:105.

Keywords: Psalms, Bible, Qur’an, Psalms, Angelika Neuwirth, inheritance, Bet Hale Disputation, salvation, Islam, Al-Biq???

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