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date: 24 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Hellenistic scribes produced the most number of copies of the Psalter, a testament to the importance of the OG Psalter, also known as the Septuagint Psalter or LXX Psalms. The extraordinary number of textual witnesses confirms the significant place of the Psalter in the Jewish and the Christian liturgical traditions. This article looks at the history and characteristics of the Septuagint Psalter, the theological features that underlie it, and some major aspects of its reception. It focuses on (the concept of) the translator, along with the situation and the intellectual climate in which he operated. The article first outlines the cultural and religious setting for the Psalter’s translation before discussing its date and place, translation and exegesis in the Old Greek of Psalms, and interpretive translations in the Greek Psalter. It then provides an overview of the translator’s background and his aims and objectives and the Greek Psalter's influence on the authors of the New Testament.

Keywords: Psalter, OG Psalter, Septuagint Psalter, LXX Psalms, translator, translation, Greek Psalter, New Testament, Psalms

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