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date: 20 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

No complete critical edition exists for the Targum of Psalms (TgPs), which is difficult to date with any confidence. Psalm 108:11, in its mention of Rome and Constantinople, provides the only clear historical reference with a bearing on dating. The language of TgPs is probably a dialect of Palestinian Aramaic, which is very similar to that of the Targum of Job (TgJob) and generally similar to that of the other targums to the Hagiographa (except perhaps Proverbs) and Targum Pseudo-Jonathan to the Pentateuch. The language of TgPs uses several loan words from Greek and Latin. One similarity between TgPs and TgJob is their use of multiple translations. This article focuses on the TgPs’s relationship to the TgJob and to the Masoretic Psalter as well as its relevance to New Testament studies.

Keywords: Targum of Psalms, Palestinian Aramaic, Targum of Job, translations, Masoretic Psalter, New Testament, loan words, targums

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