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date: 23 September 2019

(p. 687) Index

(p. 687) Index

Aaron, sculptor 205–206
abaton 333–334, 342
Abydos 110
Achilles 26–28, 140, 168, 335, 337, 567, 575, 629, 630–632, 680
Achilles’s shield 26–28, 31–32, 42, 51
Achilles Painter 152
Achinos 340
Acragas, Temple of Olympian Zeus 249
acrolithic 161–162, 301–302
Acropolis Museum, Athens 492–493, 530
acroteria 120, 220, 245, 246, 302, 384
Actium 162
Adhémar, Jean 418
Admetus 168
adventus 361
adyton 332–333
aedificia 367
aedile 190, 192, 362
Aegina 206, 227
Aegina, Temple of Aphaea 140–141, 246
Aegina, Temple of Aphaea, pedimental sculptures 206, 477–478, 479, 482, 505
Aemilius Paulus 161
Aeneas 357, 677
Aerial Photography 271
aerostyle 355
Aeschines 611
Aeschylus 75, 94, 612
aesthetics 9–10, 21–22, 25, 37–38, 271, 465, 544, 638, 650, 680
agalma/agalmata 23–24, 27, 28, 32
agalmatophilia 332
Agatharchus, painter 44, 75, 76, 305–306
Agesilaus 300
Agesistratos 44
Agias, sculptor 123, 157
Agios Athanasios, Tomb 306–307
agon 111, 300, 585
Agoracritus, sculptor 301, 530
Agricola 164
Agrippa 147, 182, 192–193, 194, 379
Aion 324
Ajax, son of Telamon 379, 629–630, 632
Ajax the lesser 94
Akhenaten, Pharaoh 110
Alba Fucens 280
Albacini, Carlo 475, 488
Albani, Cardinal 206, 475
Alberti, Leon Battista 45, 205, 424–425, 457, 501
Alcamenes, sculptor 138, 523
Alcestis 168
Alcibiades 305–306, 431, 678–\679
Alcman 27
Alcmaeonids 142, 179–180 302
Alexander Mosaic, Pompeii 530, 585, 677
Alexander of Athens, painter 115
Alexander the Great 55, 136, 140, 145, 155, 156, 157, 176–177, 184, 185–186, 269–270, 278, 299, 315, 329, 378, 511, 524, 585, 662, 676, 680–681
Alexandria 123, 145, 158, 176, 187, 269, 474
Alexandria, Museum 474
Alexandria, Pharos 145
Alexandria, Serapeum 158
Alexandria Troas 183
Algeria 396, 400
Alyzeia 123
Amasis Painter 532, 563
Amasis, Pharaoh 42
(p. 688) amazonomachy 159, 356
Ammianus Marcellinus 359
Amorgos 274
Amorium 286
Amphiaraus 333–334, 341–342
Amphiktyones 117
amphitheater 258, 282, 320, 362, 364, 396, 408
Amyntas 156
Amyzon, Sanctuary of Artemis 183
Anacreon 27, 178
anastylosis 465
anathyrosis 252
Anavyssos 295
Anaxagoras 44
Anaxandra, painter 125
Anchises 446
Ancona 178
Andocides, potter 113
Andreae, Bernard 570
Andrias 112
andron 594
Ankara 398
Antenor 113, 152, 297–299
Antenor Kore 113, 152
Anthesteria 338–339
anthropology 2, 560–562, 576, 621–634, 651, 671, 674
Antidotus, painter 120, 122
Antinous 169, 409
Antioch 279, 396
Antiochus I 299
Antiochus IV Epiphanes 139, 147, 182
Antiochus, sculptor 124
antiquarianism 70, 71, 97, 419, 427, 429
Antonines 147, 193
Antoninus Pius 320, 488
Apelles 23, 92, 115, 121, 156, 226–227, 420
Aphrodisian marble 169
Aphrodite – Venus 30, 88, 121, 165, 189, 195, 321, 323–324, 332, 378, 379, 380, 381, 386–387, 479–480, 522, 527, 548, 563, 583, 612, 613–615, 617, 651–653, 672, 676
Aphrodite of Cnidus 30, 88, 332, 380, 381, 386, 522, 527, 548–549, 613–614, 615, 617, 651–653, 676
Apollodorus of Damascus, architect 72, 139, 147–148, 161, 178, 194, 359–360, 487, 531
Apollodorus, painter 78
Apollonius of Athens, sculptor 115, 169, 381, 386
Apollonius of Tralles, sculptor 526
Apollonius of Tyana 37, 209
apotropaic 575, 612
Apuleius 524
aqueducts 148, 178, 183, 189, 190, 196, 253, 255, 258, 280, 396–397, 462
Arausio (Orange) 362
Arcadia 409
Arcesius, architect 44, 48, 71, 75, 146
arch, buttressing 259
Archaic period 22, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 42, 76, 79, 85, 93, 111, 115, 123, 140–142, 185, 219, 220, 274–276, 295, 301, 333, 344, 355, 388, 524, 547, 549–550, 565, 569, 591, 594
Archaic period, Late 93, 142, 591
archaizing 94, 162
archaeology 45, 50, 96–97, 179, 190, 207, 242, 271, 398, 400, 404, 407, 451, 457, 505–506, 511–512, 542, 552, 580, 655
Archelaus of Macedon 156, 306
Archermus, sculptor 123, 162, 520
Archidamus III 301
Archilochus, architect 143
Archimedes 44
Archinus, relief 341–343
Archippe of Cyme 188, 189
architects 44, 50, 72–73, 136–148, 369, 445, 447, 531
architectural conservation 458, 459–466
architectural sculpture 302, 343–345, 354, 382, 388, 512
architectural terracottas 245
architectural theory 41–65
architekton 72, 140, 178
architrave 249, 250, 352, 354, 356, 357, 363
archivolt 354
Archytas 44
(p. 689) areostyle 57
Ares – Mars 55, 59, 120, 163, 487, 531
arete/virtus 584, 593, 606, 609, 662, 668, 672–673, 677, 678
Argeiadas, sculptor 122
Argos 59, 123, 273, 275, 276, 277, 302, 520–521
Argos, agora 276
Argos, Temple of Hera 56, 59, 275, 520–521
Ariadne 29, 121, 306, 561, 563, 570, 572–573, 605
Aristander, sculptor 123
Aristarete, painter 124
Aristeias, sculptor 169
Aristeides I, painter 121, 122
aristocratic 55, 141, 148, 161, 179, 183, 258, 282, 283–284, 294, 421, 530, 583, 587, 593, 605, 606
Aristomenes, sculptor 123
Aristonoe 295
Aristonothus, potter 112
Aristophanes 337–338, 341, 611, 612
Aristophon, painter 306
Aristotle 12, 44, 55, 72, 74, 77, 589–590
Arcesilaus 117
Arcesius 146
arkteia 337–338
Arles 457
Arles, St.-Gilles-du-Garde 457
Arles, St. Trophime 457
Arringatore 315
ars 10, 22, 111, 584
Arsinoe II 186–187, 422
arte aulica 674
arte plebea/popolare 402–403, 542, 674
Artemis – Diana 44, 75, 162, 163, 176, 181, 189, 196, 247, 250, 295, 321, 332, 333, 337, 338, 340, 341, 429, 488, 530, 531, 583, 612–613
Asclepiades, painter 120
Asclepius 23, 120, 143, 144, 181, 209, 244, 302, 321, 332, 334, 341, 342, 387, 535
Asinius Pollio 381
askos 561
Aspendus in Pamphylia 362
Assisi 423
Asteas 113
asylum/asylia 187, 332
Atalanta 164
Athanodorus 526
Athena – Minerva 25, 29, 36, 44, 53, 55, 64, 73, 88, 93–94, 144, 154–155, 163, 210, 244, 249, 301, 304–305, 311, 331, 332–333, 334–335, 345, 381, 488, 524, 531, 591, 612, 662–663, 671, 677, 682
Athena Parthenos 53, 154, 155, 386, 524, 662, 671
Athena Promachos 154–155, 311
Athenaeus 25, 30, 71, 75, 78, 92, 119, 156, 158, 615
Athenis 162, 520
Athens 123, 254, 273, 276–279
Athens, Acropolis 74, 113, 139, 141, 142, 154–155, 159, 181, 182, 209, 245, 246, 250, 251, 252, 274, 277, 279, 299, 301, 304, 306, 331, 332, 333, 335, 341, 345, 429, 456, 476–477, 492–493, 512, 523, 570, 585
Athens, Agora 182, 211, 277, 279, 299, 302, 305, 330, 333, 455, 465, 531, 585, 592
Athens, Altar of the Twelve Gods 181, 330
Athens, Archaic agora 276
Athens, Asclepieum 341
Athens, Brauronium 341
Athens, Ceramicus 533, 566
Athens, Erechtheum 120, 141, 143, 209, 251, 326, 331, 332, 487, 512
Athens, geology 246
Athens, Hephaesteum 531
Athens, "Lesser Attalid" group 159
Athens, odeia 183
Athens, Old Bouleuterion 276
Athens, Pantheon 182
Athens, Parthenon 44, 53, 64, 74, 75, 138–139, 143, 203, 209, 232, 252, 302, 331, 332, 333, 343–344, 429, 431–432, 456, 465, 476, 477, 479, 481, 492–493, 505, 512–513, 514, 525, 527, 531, 535, 647, 662, 668
Athens, Parthenon frieze 302, 343–344, 431, 535, 603
Athens, Pinakotheke 333, 477
Athens, Pompeion 245
Athens, Propylaea 139, 143, 154, 249, 252, 304, 306, 477
Athens, Stoa Basileus 276
Athens, Stoa of Attalus II 182, 279, 301
(p. 690) Athens, Stoa of Eumenes II 182, 279
Athens, Stoa of Zeus 305
Athens, Stoa Poecile 117, 181, 305, 585
Athens, Temple of Ares 531
Athens, Temple of Athena Nike 154, 301, 345
Athens, Temple of Olympian Zeus 139, 147, 181–182
Athens, Theseum 181
Athens, urban development 276–277
Athens Charter 458
atheoretical/antitheoretical 4–5
athletes 311–312, 323, 383, 616, 674, 678, 680
atrium 89, 282–283, 311
Attaleia 196
Attalids 158–160, 180, 197, 204
Attalus I 159–160, 165
Attalus II 182, 301
Attalus of Athens, sculptor 302
Attic foot 51
auctoritas 53, 353
Augustine 327
Augustus Prima Porta type 320
Aulus Gellius 147, 360
Aulus Postumius Albinus 191, 317
Ausonius 524
author 669–670
Avianius Evander 162
Azoria 276
Babylonia 124
Bacchylides 27
Badminton sarcophagus 489
Baiae 386
Baiae, Temple of Mercury 259
Bak, architect 110
banquet 187, 276, 303, 306, 313, 323, 333, 345, 354, 365, 366, 572
Barberini Faun 477
Bari 616
Baroque 320
barriers 332
Bassae, Temple of Apollo 138, 143, 505, 531
baths 147, 169, 178, 179, 183, 196, 258, 259, 278, 284, 286, 320, 354, 363, 366, 369, 381
Baton, sculptor 163
Bauforschung 451
Beazley, John Davidson 108, 450–451, 481, 531–533, 559, 563, 625–626
Bellerophon 389–390
Belting, Hans 655
Belvedere Apollo 375, 426, 475, 476, 479, 501, 504, 605
Belvedere Torso 169
Beneventum 178
Benndorf, Otto 479
Benveniste, Émile 632
Berard, Claude 561, 629
Berenson, Bernard 588
Berlin Painter 532
Bernini, Gianlorenzo 429, 487
bessales 258
Bianchi Bandinelli, Ranuccio 152, 402, 409, 451, 530, 542–543, 580, 674
Biduino, sculptor 421
Biondo 501
bipedales 257
Blanckenhagen, Peter Heinrich von 580
Blümner, Hugo 206–207
Boccaccio 500
Boeotia 108, 219, 345
Boethus, sculptor 165
Borghese collection 429
Boscoreale, Villa of P. Fannius Synistor 90
Boscotrecase, Villa of Agrippa Postumus 490
Bothmer, Dietrich von 482
Botticelli 442, 652
Boularchus of Clazomenae 115
bouleuterion 189, 276, 278–279, 281
Boupalus, sculptor 123, 162
Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick 488–489
Bracciolini, Poggio 424
Bramante 426
Brauron, Sanctuary of Artemis 332, 333, 337, 338, 341
Brendel, Otto 580, 673
brick (fired), building material 55, 56, 192–193, 217, 242–246, 254
brick ribbing 286
(p. 691) brick stamp 193, 258, 260
Brilliant, Richard 640–641
Bristol School 638, 641
Britannia 360
British Museum, London 475–477, 481, 488, 493
Bronze Age 203, 222
bronze, material 207–208, 214–217, 225–226, 229–230, 249
Brunelleschi, Filippo 424, 457
Brunn, Heinrich 107, 527
Brussels Declaration 506
Bryaxis, sculptor 156, 158, 519
Bulla Regia 196, 396
Burckhardt, Jacob 520, 560
Burgundy 421
Burkert, Walter 326
Burra Charter 458
busts 169, 311, 316, 317, 321, 381, 488
Byzantine 79, 109, 111, 117, 124, 125, 223, 327, 330, 525, 667
Caere 112, 461
Caesar, Drusus 163
Caesar, Gaius 163
Caesar, Julius 147, 182, 192, 299, 315, 317
Caesar, Lucius 163
Calamis, sculptor 155
Calapodi, Temple of Apollo 304
Calf Bearer 492
Caligula 148, 164
Callias 143
Callicleas, potter 112
Callicrates, architect 141, 143, 155
Callimachus 33–38, 158, 305
Callistratus 524
Calypso, painter 124–125
cameos 161, 205, 222, 229, 320, 474
Camerino 428
Canachus, sculptor 523
Canova, Antonio 321, 431, 477
capital 59, 61, 95, 139
Capitoline Museums, Rome 475
Capri 164, 244
Capua 502
Capua, Gate of Frederik II 422
Caracalla 98, 152, 169, 284, 320, 363, 381, 395, 526, 615
Caravaggio 428
Caria 136, 183
Carolingian 420, 422
Carpathos 244
Carpenter, Rhys 449
Carpion, architect 44, 64, 75
Carracci, Annibale 428
Carrara marble 254
Carrey, Jacques 429
Carthage 396, 421, 504
caryatid 326, 479, 487, 512
Cassandra 88, 163
Cassandreia 123
Cassius Dio 147, 163
Castiglione 427
casts 432, 477, 479–480, 491, 493, 501, 512
Caucasus 395
Cavaceppi, Bartolomeo 475
cavea 362, 589
Celatus, coppersmith 120
Celer, architect 147, 161, 178
censor 190, 191
centaurs 154, 156, 169, 352, 431
Centrale Montemartini, Rome 487
Cephisodotus, sculptor 122, 162, 165, 302, 520
Cerveteri. See Caere
Cesnola, Luigi Palma di 480
Cezanne, Paul 432
Chaeronea 156, 297
Charias 44
Charis 157
charis/gratia 24–25, 28, 30, 32, 51, 590, 593, 668, 672–673
Charlemagne 422, 457
Charles V 503
Charmadas, painter 115
Charmantides, painter 122
Chersiphron, architect 44, 71, 75, 76, 79, 250
Chimaera 389
Chimaera of Arezzo 514
China Principles 458
Chionis 300
Chios 112, 520–521
Chiragan 380
Chirico, Giorgio de 420, 432
Choes 338
Choniates, Niketas 525
choreia 32
Christina of Sweden 503
chryselephantine 155, 156, 206
Cicero 33, 37, 42, 45, 55, 112, 148, 164, 205, 310, 313, 365, 379, 380, 383, 395, 443, 447, 499–500, 504, 519, 521, 523
Cimon 155, 181
circus 160, 282, 323
citizenship 395, 608
cives Romani 589
clandestini 509
“classical”/classics 6–8
Classical period 14, 22, 47, 53, 59, 61, 65, 117, 143, 154, 219, 244, 249, 271, 276–277, 278, 296, 304–305, 307, 317, 334–335, 524, 544, 569, 683
Classical period, Early 94, 227, 342, 544, 547, 587, 590, 593, 630
Classical period, High 375, 381, 383, 544
Classical period, Late 183, 219, 229, 306, 326, 334, 305, 548, 591
Claudius 161, 164, 318, 360
Clazomenae 115
Cleanthes, painter 115
Cleisthenes 568
Cleiton, sculptor 35
Clement of Alexandria 92, 125, 614–615
Cleobis and Biton, sculptural group 114
Cleon 145
Cleosthenes of Epidamnus 300
Cleveland Museum of Art 510
clipeatae 90
clipei 90
Clitias, vase painter 113
Cnidus 88, 299, 522
Cnidus, Sanctuary of Demeter 332
cocciopesto 258
Colli Albani 255
Cologne Cathedral, Shrine of the Three Kings 422
colonialism 400, 401, 404, 671
colonization 274, 286
Colossus of Nero 165
comitium 281
Commodus 98
compluvium 282
concordia 163, 591
concrete, building material 43, 242, 252, 253, 255, 257, 461
connoisseurship 2, 108, 208, 450, 519–535, 603, 328
consolidation, conservation 464
Constance School 638
Constantine 170, 193, 285–286, 408, 422, 425, 427
Constantinople 116, 285, 380, 386, 476, 525
Constantinople, Hagia Sophia 457
Constantius II 359
Constitutions of Melfi 422
construction
construction, Greek techniques 249–253
construction, Roman techniques 253–260
context 670
conventus matronarum 194
copying 14, 228, 251, 385–39
Corinth 115, 121, 123, 180, 183, 217, 219, 270, 273, 274, 275, 276, 282, 334
Corinth, first Temple of Apollo 243, 245, 275
Corinth, Roman forum 286
Corinth, urban development 274–276
Corinthia 227
Corinthian order 42, 43, 47, 56, 59–60, 146, 182, 197, 390, 465
Corinthian windows 188
Cornelia 606–607
Cortile del Belvedere, Vatican 426
Cos 121, 123
Cos, Asclepieum 121
Cosa 280, 281, 282
Cossutius 146–147
craftsman 22, 111, 136, 203, 229, 520, 524
crane 211, 250, 254
Crates of Mallos 159
Cratylus 35
Cresilas 610
Crimea 395
Critius Boy 492, 583
Critius, sculptor 298, 299
Croesus 295
(p. 693) Croesus, King of Lydia 181, 192
Crouching Aphrodite 548, 550
Ctesibios 44
cubiculum 90, 490
cult statue 37, 95, 114, 116, 294, 301, 330, 675
cultural identity 8, 177, 344, 552, 580
cultural property 499–534
Cumae 334
Curtius, Ernst 480
Cycladic 222, 433, 509
Cynisca 300
Cypselus 180
Cyrenaica 408
Cyriacus of Ancona 418, 420, 525
Cyrus, architect 365
Cyzicus 379
Cyzicus, Sanctuary of Meter Plakiane 333
Dacia 147, 360
Daedalus 27, 29, 211, 519
Damophilus and Gorgasus, painters 116
Damophon of Messene, sculptor 121, 302
Danaids 162
dance 22, 29, 572, 631
Dante 525
Danube 178, 396
Daochus 157
Darius 79, 677
Darius Painter 152
David, Jacques Louis 430
decor/prepon 46–47, 53–57
deformities 581
Deinias, painter 115
Deinocrates, architect 136, 144, 176
Deinomenes 152
Delos 113, 120, 197, 246, 279, 295, 307, 330, 332, 651–652
Delos, Athenian Temple of Apollo 301, 332
Delos, domestic architecture 279
Delos, domestic wall painting 307
Delos, Monument of the Bulls 197
Delos, Oikos of the Naxians 246
Delphi 4, 27, 29, 33, 34, 86, 114, 117, 123, 142, 145, 146, 152–153, 157, 179, 180, 182–183, 188, 220, 232, 250, 302, 304, 326, 331, 588
Delphi Charioteer 152–153, 232
Delphi, Athenian Stoa 182
Delphi, Daochus monument 157
Delphi, Lesche of the Cnidians 304
Delphi, Naxian Sphinx 220
Delphi, Siphnian Treasury 302, 326
Delphi, Temple of Apollo 142, 179, 302, 331
Delphi, Tholos 44, 146
Delphi, Treasury of the Corinthians 180–181
Delphic Tripod 162
Demeter – Ceres 116, 121, 163, 302, 306, 321, 322, 332, 334
Demetrias 278
Demetrius of Phaleron 144, 299
Demetrius Poliorcetes 299, 311
Democedes of Croton 178
Democles 44
democracy 279, 294, 588
Democritus 44, 75–76
Demodocus 32
Demophilus, architect 75
demos 181
Demosthenes 295–296, 299, 523
Dendur temple 398
depictions in forma deorum 321
Dexileus, funerary relief 389
Dexiphanes 145
Diades 44
diastyle 57
Didyma, Temple of Apollo 62, 113, 139, 142, 251
die-engravers 107
Dijon 409
Dinsmoor, William Bell 241
Dio Chrysostom 33, 36, 37, 70, 524
Diocletian 254, 259, 285, 286, 396, 430
Diocletian price edict 254
Diodorus Siculus 56
Diogenes Laertius 51, 56, 71
Diomedes 610
Dion 123
Dionysius of Halicarnassus 70, 160, 161, 190, 191, 346, 443, 447, 523
Dioscuri 423, 524–525
Dioscurides, gem engraver 161
Diphilos, architect 44
(p. 694) dipteroi 146
diptych, ivory 422
Dirce Group 526
dispositio 46–47
distorted ideals 581–582
distributio 46–47
Djemila 318
Djer 110
Doidalsas, sculptor 550
dome 148, 259
domestic architecture 71, 95–96, 269–271, 277–278, 282–284, 307, 333, 354, 369
Domitian 100, 147, 161, 170, 178, 662
Donatello 423–425
Doric foot 51
Doric order 42, 43, 44, 47, 51, 53, 55, 56, 59, 75, 144, 146, 430, 432
Dorus 56
Doryphorus 76, 381, 382, 386, 535, 610, 642–643, 668, 683
Douris 87
Dreros, agora 275
Drusus 163
Duquesnoy, François 429
Dura Europos 409
Dying Seneca 429
Ecphantus of Corinth, painter 115, 376
Egyptianizing 398, 401
Eirene 302
Eirene, painter 124
Eleusis 31, 141
Eleusis, Telesterion 139, 143, 144, 306, 531
Elis 36, 154, 155
Elis, urban development 277
elite 569, 587–588
emic 11–12
Emporio on Chios 112
encaustic 94, 227, 243
Endoios 523
Endymion 321–322
Epaminondas 305
ephebes 563, 583
Ephesus 119, 123, 270, 284
Ephesus, Artemision 44, 75, 76, 176, 180–181, 250, 330
Ephesus, Library of Celsus 284, 465
Epidaurus 250
Epidaurus, Temple of Asclepius 120, 143, 209, 244, 249, 535
Epidaurus, Theater 464
Epie of Thasos 188
Epirus 277, 334
equestrian statues 95, 97, 124, 425, 491
equites 380
Eretria
Eretria, House of the Mosaics 278
Eretria, Temple of Apollo Daphnephoros 356
Eretria, urban development 274
Ergotimus, potter 113
Eros-Cupid 155–156, 164, 427, 572, 614
Erythrae 523
Espérandieu, Émile 399
Esquiline Discobolus 375
etic 11–12
Etruscans 6–8, 109, 116, 253, 270, 280, 310–311, 376, 402, 448, 482, 488, 533, 558, 569
Euenor, painter 78
euergetism 158, 179, 189
Eumachia 195
Eumenes II 159, 182
Eupalamus 30
Eupalinus of Megara, architect 178, 190
Euphranor, sculptor and painter 44, 75, 122, 163, 203–204, 305, 381
Euphronios krater 482, 508
Euphronios, vase painter and potter 78, 113, 117–118, 232, 532, 533
Euremius, mosaicist 116
Euripides 32, 35, 92, 326
Europa 163
Eurydice 156
Eurysaces, tomb of 364
eustyle 57
Euthycartides of Naxos, sculptor 113–114
Euthymides, vase painter 78, 118–119
(p. 695) Euthymus of Locri Epizephyrii 300
Eutychides, sculptor 527
Euxenia, priestess of Aphrodite 189
Euxitheos, potter 482
evocatio 377
evolutionist model 329
Exekias, vase painter and potter 232, 533, 563–569
exempla 583
Ezbontinus, mosaicist 116
familiae 585–586
Famulus, painter 130, 530
Fanum, Basilica 57–58, 64, 147
Farnese Bull 526
Farnese Cup 422
Farnese Hercules 169, 381
fauces 282
Fayum 123, 145–146, 227
Fayum, portraits 227
female artists 124–125
feminism 602–603, 617, 671
festivals 183, 327, 333, 357–358, 562, 580, 588
figurines, terracotta 219–220, 229, 273, 569
Filarete 525
Flavians 98, 193, 284, 400, 615
Florence 87, 420, 424, 427, 428, 501
Florence, Baptistery 424
Florence, Duomo 424
Florence, Orsanmichele 424
fluting 252
fora 147, 284, 286, 318, 319, 358, 386, 396–397, 408, 487
formal analysis 2, 541–552
formalism 638
Formiae 610
Foruli 610
Fossdyke 120
fountain buildings 363
François I 501
François Vase 113, 142, 629–630, 632
Frederik II 422
Fregellae 280, 282
Fromista, Church of San Martin de Tours 421
Frontisi-Ducroux, Françoise 630
funerary reliefs 114, 210, 211, 380, 389, 409, 583, 607
Furtwängler, Adolf 108, 375, 399, 400, 445, 529–530, 533–534, 625, 642
Gabii 378
Gadamer, Hans-Georg 1–2
Gaius Cartilius Poplicola 610
Gaius Fabius Pictor 116, 161, 530
Gaius Junius Bubulcus 161
Gaius Junius Euhodos 167
Gaius Marius 147
Gaius Pomponius 116
Gaius Verres 164, 249, 310, 379, 500, 519
Galatia 160, 398
Galba 148, 164
Galen 48, 76, 205, 383
Gallia Narbonensis 398, 408
Ganymedes 165, 220, 527, 611
Garni, Temple of Helios 398, 465
Gattungen 579
Gaul 192, 204, 380, 398, 399, 406
Gauls 159–160, 162, 165
Gela 152
gem engraving 207, 210, 211, 222, 230
gems, material 207, 211, 222
gender studies 2, 602–617
Geometric period 22, 57, 85, 112, 142, 203, 207, 219, 225, 244, 560, 566
geophysical survey 271
Germanicus 163, 360
Gernet, Louis 624
Getty Bronze 486
Getty Kouros 487
Getty Museum, Malibu 483–487, 507, 510, 511
Ghiberti, Lorenzo 107, 205, 418–419, 427
Ghirlandaio 425
gigantomachy 159, 302, 481
gilding 156, 204, 209, 215, 221, 222, 304, 491
Gilly, Friedrich 430
Giotto 423
Giovanni da Udine 425
GIS/GPS site mapping 469
Giuliano da Sangallo 501
glass, material 206, 207, 216, 222
(p. 696) Glaucias of Aegina, sculptor 300
Gleason, Maud 603
Glyptothek, Munich 477–478, 482, 492
Gnosis, mosaicist 115
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 6
gold, material 24–26, 224–225, 249, 301, 366
Gombrich, Ernst 417–418, 653
Goneus, painter 120
Gorgon 630
gorgoneion 567–568, 575
Gothic 424
Gracchi 282, 607
grammata 23
Grand Tour 430, 475, 502, 505
Granicus monument 157–158
Grophon of Melos, sculptor 113
Gryllus 305
Gunderson, Erik 603
gymnasia 147–148, 179, 185, 196, 211, 278, 616
Habinnas 140
Hadrian 72, 115, 139, 148, 161, 169, 170, 180, 182, 193–194, 197, 256, 259, 284, 381, 396, 409, 425, 464, 483
Hadrian’s Wall 464
Hageladas of Argos, sculptor 112
Hagesander, sculptor 526, 640
hairstyles 584
Halicarnassus
Halicarnassus, domestic architecture 184
Halicarnassus, Mausoleum 44, 75, 144, 183, 197, 519, 531
Halicarnassus, Palace of Mausolus 245
Halieis 274
Hamilton, Sir William 431, 476, 502
Harmonides 30
Harpalus 146
Harpocration 71
Haterius Antigonus, tomb of 364
Hecatomnids 178, 180, 183, 197
Hectoridas, sculptor 120
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm 7, 8, 559, 654
hegemony 7, 408–409
Helene, painter 125, 165
Helicon 123
Hephaestus-Vulcan 26, 27, 28–30, 35–36, 211, 331, 355, 489, 519, 523
Hera-Juno 56, 59, 72, 75, 76, 78–79, 141, 142, 163, 178, 252, 275, 301, 456, 520, 583
Heraclea Pontica 334
Heracleides, painter 120
Heracles – Hercules 55, 94, 116, 145, 154, 162–163, 168–169, 176, 191, 305, 316, 321, 381, 425–427, 456, 483, 486, 523, 525, 535, 662–663, 677, 680
Herculaneum 115, 283, 311–313, 357–358, 365, 381–384, 430, 447, 457, 483, 502, 605–611
Herculaneum, Basilica Noniana 365
Herculaneum, Casa dei Cervi 365
Herculaneum, Theater 610
Herculaneum, Villa dei Papiri 311–313, 381, 382, 384, 483
Hermaphroditus 163, 224
hermeneutics 1–16, 558–559, 625, 638, 663–665, 672, 673
Hermes-Mercury 163, 204, 259, 311, 530, 532, 573
Hermodorus of Salamis, architect 192, 254
Hermogenes, architect 44, 48, 57, 71, 75, 77, 136, 146, 178, 531
Herodas 23
Herodes Atticus 183, 194, 196, 395, 409
Herodotus 42, 72, 78, 140, 142, 179, 630
Hesiod 22–23, 159
Hesy, tomb of 110
hexastyle 59, 95
himation 210, 409
Hinton St. Mary, Romano-British villa 388–389
Hipparchus 297
Hippias, sophist 75
Hippias, tyrant 297
Hippodamia 154
Hippodamus of Miletus 71, 72–73, 140, 145, 270–271, 277
Hippolytus 322
historical reliefs 354
historicism 638, 642–647
historiography 203–208, 398–404, 440–451, 570
(p. 697) Hoffmann, Herbert 561, 627
hollow casting 225
Homer 22, 27, 28, 30, 32, 36, 37, 43, 140, 206, 301, 519
Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite 612
Homeric Hymn to Apollo 588
Homeric Hymn to Dionysus 565
homogeneity 546, 587
honorary arch. See triumphal arch
honorary column 319, 361
honorary statue 297–300, 311, 315, 321, 675
Hope Dionysus 489
hoplotheke 144
Horses of San Marco 504
Hortensius 121
hortus 282
Hygiainon, painter 115
Hygieia 163, 302, 387
hypocausts 396
Iaia, painter 124
Iasus of Collytus, sculptor 120
Iberia 378, 408
Ibycus 178
iconography 2, 303–304, 346, 387, 404, 421, 428, 485, 557–576, 667, 682
iconology 2, 557–576, 667, 682
Ictinus, architect 64, 75, 138, 143, 155, 531
ideal sculpture/ Idealplastik 168, 375, 401, 526, 534, 583
idealization 22, 168, 298–299, 581, 607
identity 57, 177, 180, 183, 209, 344, 404–407, 511
Iliad 42, 51, 140, 301, 519, 631
illusionistic 90, 93, 227, 283, 323
Imhotep 110
imitatio 419
Imperial period 14, 59, 85, 124, 125, 245, 271, 318, 360, 521, 523–524, 575, 581
Imperial period, Early 118, 161–166, 318, 364, 369, 381, 399, 443, 489, 587, 605, 610
Imperial period, High 284, 386, 388
Imperial period, Late 14, 366
imperialism 310, 400–401, 404
impluvium 282
index 668, 669, 672
India 7, 124, 209, 395, 399
inequality 277, 318
Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique 431
initiation 186, 337–338, 542, 566
inscriptions 111–114, 116, 120, 137–139, 140, 142, 143, 144, 157, 169–170, 185, 232, 294, 303, 441
insulae 96
intaglios 205, 222–223, 229, 230
Ionic order 42, 47, 56, 183, 245, 477
Iron Age, Early 273–275, 286
Ischia 112
Isidore of Seville 420
Isis 357
Isocrates 183, 588
Isola Sacra 167
Isthmia, Temple of Poseidon 243, 304, 329, 330
Istrocles, potter/vase painter 112
ivory, material 27, 34, 42, 110, 156, 206, 207, 209–210, 216, 226, 228, 232, 249, 301, 422
Jahn, Otto 417, 558, 570
Jauss, Robert 638
Jerusalem, Temple of Solomon 47
Johannes Nesteutes 116
Juba, King of Mauritania 204
Julia Domna 194, 615
Julia Memmia 196
Julia Sancta 196
Junius, Franciscus 205–206, 442–443, 447, 526
Justinian II 116
Kairos 380, 524
kalpis 124, 210–211
Kanon 44, 48, 71, 75, 76–77, 79, 204, 642
Kant, Immanuel 5, 107, 527, 647, 650
Karphi 273
kiln 207, 210, 212, 218
kleos 180, 181
klismos 210
Koch, Guntram 570
komast 87, 88
Kopienkritik 375–376, 445, 450, 642
Kore-Persephone 302, 306, 321
kore/korai 29, 32, 113, 152, 492, 583, 679
kosmos 56
kouros/kouroi 29, 114, 295, 298, 300, 487, 548, 583, 610, 626, 675, 679
Krautheimer, Richard 418–419
Kristeller, Paul Oskar 22
Kunsttheorie 22
kylix 87, 210, 564–569, 623, 631
Laberia Hostilia 196
Labraunda, Sanctuary of Zeus 183–184
laissez-faire, conservation 461
Lampsacus 123
Lansdowne Amazon 489
Lansdowne Heracles 483–484, 486
Laocoön group 419, 426–427, 428, 475, 476, 501, 504, 525–526, 640
Lapiths 154
lararium 95–96
Late Antique period 125, 129–130, 179, 380, 388–390, 398, 401–403, 409, 422, 524
Lato, Crete 277
Latrobe, Benjamin Henry 430
Lausus 380
Le Corbusier 432
Leander 163
Lebadea, Temple of Zeus 141
Lebensraum 353
Lebenswelt 680
lectisternia 357
Leda 534
Ledoux, Claude Nicolas 430
Lefkandi, "Heroon" 243
Lehmann, Karl 419, 580
leitourgia 179
lekythos 216, 219, 304, 508
Leningrad Painter 124
Leochares, sculptor 156, 165, 519, 527
Leonardo da Vinci 49, 50
Leonidas, architect 44, 75
Leonidas I, King of Sparta 297
Leptis Magna 285
Leto-Latona 115, 162, 163
Leucas 121
Leucippus 570
Lévi-Strauss, Claude 621, 627
lex provinciae 395
libations 337, 590
Liber Pater 163–164
libertus 317
Libon 143
libraries 194, 278, 284, 359, 360, 369
LIDAR mapping 469
Lieber Code 506
limestone 220, 222, 246
Limyra, tomb of Pericles 326
Lindus, Sanctuary of Athena 42, 123, 332
Linear B 441
linguistics. See structural linguistics
lions 28, 31, 296–297
Lissarrague, François 85, 629
liturgy 327, 330
Livia 90, 194–195, 607
Locri Epizephyrii 300
Lombard 422
longue durée 409
Lorenzo de’ Medici 422
Lorsch Abbey 420–421, 457
lost wax technique 224–225
Loukou 409
Louvre, Paris 386, 475–476, 479, 505, 645
Lübke, Karl Heinrich 6–7
Lucian 34, 111, 156, 209
Lucius Crassus 121
Lucius Mammius Maximus 611
Lucius Mummius 121, 192, 282
Ludovisi Ares 487
Ludovisi Gaul Group 487
Ludovisi "Orestes and Electra" 169
Ludwig I, King of Bavaria 477, 505
Lycius, sculptor 155
Lycosura, Sanctuary of Despoina 121, 334
Lydian Hoard (Karun Treasure) 510, 513
Lydos, vase painter 489
Lysias, sculptor 162
Lysimachus 187, 525
Lysippus, sculptor 79, 80, 114, 123, 157–158, 380–381, 524–525, 535, 611
Macedonia 14, 183, 184, 227, 244, 274, 277, 285, 294, 296, 306–307
macella 369
Magi, the Three 422
Magna Mater 167
Magnesia on the Maeander, Temple of Artemis Leucophryene 44, 75, 78, 136, 146, 333, 531
Mahdia shipwreck 380
(p. 699) Mandrocles of Samos, architect 79, 142
Mantegna, Andrea 425
Manticlus Apollo 28
Mantinea 277
Mantinea, Battle of 305
manubial temple 160, 191
Marathon
Marathon, Battle of 159, 305, 345, 585
Marathon, mound 508
marble
marble, material 220–221, 252–253, 254–255, 487
marble, quarrying 221–222, 246–247
Marcus Aurelius 170, 183, 318, 319, 361, 425, 430, 479, 491, 501
Marcus Calatroius Quartio 611
Marcus Cossutius Menelaus 122
Marcus Fulvius Nobilior 191
Marcus Nonius Balbus the Elder 605–606, 607
Marcus Nonius Balbus the Younger 609–611, 612 617
Marcus Porcius Cato 282
Marsyas 163, 155, 220
Martial 147, 163
Martindale, Charles 638–639, 641, 648
Marxism 451, 638
masons’ marks 252
Matisse, Henri 647
Matz, Friedrich 570
Mauretania 148, 396
Mausolus 136, 144, 156, 183, 184, 245
Maxentius 161, 259, 286, 464
Maximus of Tyre 36–37
McKim, Meade and White 480, 488
Medici Venus 479
Megabyzus of Macedon 156
Megalopolis 184, 189, 279, 302
Megalopolis, hestiatorion 189
Megalopolis, Stoa of Philip II 184, 279
Megara 123, 345
Megara Hyblaea
Megara Hyblaea, agora 274, 276
Megara Hyblaea, urban development 274
megaron 42
Meidias Painter 476, 533
Meisterforschung 445, 449–450, 642
Melampus 44, 75
Melas 123
Meleager 164, 422, 425, 570
Melos 113, 479, 505, 645
memoria 355–356
Menaichmus, painter 75
Menelaus 42
Menelaus, sculptor 169
Menodora 189
Mentor, silversmith 121
Mesopotamia 7, 222, 225, 269, 270, 378, 398
Messene 121
Messene, Asclepieum 121
Messene, Heroon D 121
Metagenes, architect 44, 47
metal, building material 249
metapictures 84–86, 88, 89, 92–94, 100
Metapontum, agora 276
Metilia Acte 167–168
metopes 61, 139, 154
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 94, 375, 480–482, 483, 488, 508, 510, 614–615
Micciades, sculptor 520
Michelangelo 426–427, 491, 501, 526
Micon, Painter 305
Middle Ages 73, 205, 285, 327, 375, 401, 417, 418, 420–423, 429, 524–525
Middle Comedy 139
Mieza 123
Miletus 274, 276–277, 363, 387
Miletus, Baths of Faustina Minor 387
Miletus, urban development 276–277
Miltiades 585
mimesis 22, 34, 37, 628
Minoan 273, 329
Miran 124
mise en abîme 85–86, 88
mithraea 397–398
Mithridates VI, King of Pontus 378
Mnesiades, potter 113
Mnesicles, architect 143, 155
model 112, 119, 139, 142, 251, 378, 531. See also paradeigmata
Modena, Cathedral 421
Monte dell’Incastro, Temple of Hercules 483
Montier-en-Der, Abbey 422
monumental painting 115, 304, 387, 445
(p. 700) monumental statuary 295–296
Morelli, Giovanni 450, 529–535, 559
Morgantina 259
Morgantina Silver Hoard 510
mortar, building material 255
mosaicists 88, 108–109, 115–117, 127, 128, 130
mousike 22
Mucius 146–147
mud brick, building material 243–245, 274
Müller, Karl Ottfried 206
Munichia 337
Musa, Parthian queen 124
Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome 487
Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican, Rome 475
Muses 33, 324, 379–380, 387, 474
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 479, 510
music 22, 30–31, 335, 387, 572
Mussolini 402, 491
Muziris 399
Mycenaean 57, 273, 329–330
Myndus 123
Mynnion of Argile, sculptor 120
Myrina, cemetery 219
Myron, sculptor 34, 80, 155, 162, 165, 169, 300, 381, 427, 524, 527, 547–548
Mysian Galatomachy 159
naiskos 326
naos 332
Napoleon 430, 431, 476, 479, 504, 505–506
Narcissus 387, 611
Nashville, Parthenon 465
Nasstiades 113
nationalism 2–3, 400, 401, 404, 475
nativity 677, 682
naturalism 93, 226, 229, 383–385, 396, 448, 521, 653, 674
Naulochus, Battle of 162
Naxos 113, 220, 222, 246, 295
Nearchus, potter 113, 152
Nefermaat 110
Nefertari 511
nekromanteia 334
Nemea 245, 306, 330
Nemea, Temple of Zeus 245
Nemesis 162, 295, 301, 523, 530, 531
Neo Phalero, sanctuary of Cephissus 339
Neoclassical 430, 447–448, 477, 478, 480–482
Nero 147, 158, 161, 164–166, 178, 284, 360, 365, 381, 420, 425, 530
nero antico 169
Nerva 320
Nesiotes, sculptor 155, 298–299
Nexaris 44, 75
Niarchos 334
Nicandre 295–296
Niceratus, sculptor 163
Nicesermus, potter 112
Nichoria 273
Nicias, painter 115, 121, 122, 163–164
Nicola Pisano 422
Nicomachus, painter 121, 165
Nike – Victoria 29, 34, 141, 143, 154, 301, 302, 345, 479–480, 525, 560–561
Nike of Samothrace 186, 479–480
Niketas Choniates 525
Nikosthenes, potter 218
Nîmes 398
Niobe/Niobids 115, 162, 570
Niobid Painter 304
Noble, Joseph V. 207
Nola 93, 502
Nonius Balbus 605
Novius Blesamus, sculptor 118
Numa Pompilius 160
nymphaeum 165, 196, 363
Nymphodorus 44
Octavia 158, 194
odeia 183
Odysseus 21–22, 23, 27, 30, 32–35, 42, 140, 304, 313–314, 575, 622
Odyssey 21–22, 23–24, 25, 42, 314
Oenomaus 154
Oenophyta 345
oikoi 335
oinochoe 25–26, 342–343
(p. 701) oligarchy 591
Olympia 4, 33, 36–38, 86, 113, 117, 119, 123, 138, 141, 143, 154, 156, 162, 183, 184, 220, 249, 300–302, 330, 480, 530, 547
Olympia, Achaean heroes group 117
Olympia, Philippeion 156–157
Olympia, Temple of Hera 141, 456
Olympia, Temple of Zeus 138, 143, 154, 162, 184, 196, 249, 302, 547
Olympia, Zeus and Ganymedes acroterial group 220
Olympian Zeus by Phidias 33, 36–38, 380, 524
Olympias, Macedonian Queen 156, 185
Olympias, painter 124–125
Olympic Games 80, 154, 300, 301, 302, 520
Olympus 28, 42
Olynthus 277–278, 585
Olynthus, domestic architecture 277–278
Omphale 613–615
Onatas, sculptor 117
Onesimus, vase painter 113
Oplontis, Villa of Poppea 89–90, 365–366, 381, 382
opus
opus caementicium 255, 353
opus incertum 255–256
opus mixtum 256
opus quadratum 254
opus quasi reticulatum 256
opus reticulatum 255–256
opus signinum 258
opus siliceum 254
opus spicatum 258
opus tessellatum 116
opus testaceum 257
opus vermiculatum 116, 223
opus vittatum 258
Orange, Theater 464
orchestra 362
ordinatio 46–47
Orientalizing Period 28
Oropus, Sanctuary of Amphiaraus 341
Orraon, Epirus 277
Orvieto 421
Oscans 280
Ostia 169, 610
otium 362–363, 584
Overbeck, Johannes Adolf 108–109, 442, 519, 651
Oxford Relief 50
Pacetti, Vincenzo 475, 489
Padua 425
Padua, Ovetari Chapel 425
Paeonius of Ephesus 176
Paeonius of Mende, sculptor 29, 138, 302
Paestum 113, 227, 280–281, 430, 464
painters 530–531
painting
painting, Archaic Greece 226–227, 333, 630
painting, Classical Greece 209, 226–227, 304, 323, 333–334, 378–379, 630
painting, fresco 167, 226–228, 354
painting, funerary 306–307, 593
painting, Macedonian 227, 306–307
painting, panel 209, 227, 304, 323, 378, 380, 381, 384, 527, 530
painting, Pompeian First Style 283
painting, Pompeian Fourth Style 165, 323, 375, 384
painting, Pompeian Second Style 89–90, 167, 283, 313, 382
painting, Pompeian Third Style 384, 490
painting, Roman 226–228, 323, 324, 366–367, 379, 420, 476
Palestine 378, 396, 408
Palladio, Andrea 58, 428, 457
Palmyra 284–285, 408
Palmyra, Temple of Bel 398
Pamphilus, painter 74, 75
Panathenaia 302, 304, 334, 335, 681
Panathenaic amphoras 219, 304
Panathenaic games 304
Pandora 26–27, 28
Pannonia 397
Panofsky, Erwin 418, 557, 574–575, 666, 667
Paolina Borghese 321
Papias, sculptor 169
paradeigmata 142
paradigm-shift 546
Parian marble 157, 179, 204, 220, 302, 650
Paris, Church of Sainte Geneviève 430
Paros 163, 220, 246–247
(p. 702) Parrhasius, painter 35, 78, 92, 119, 121, 384, 523, 525, 530, 642
Parthenocles, sculptor 165
Parthenon. See "Athens, Parthenon"
Parthenon marbles 431, 477, 512, 514, 527
Pasiteles, sculptor 122, 165, 168–169, 521
Pasitelean school 122
Pasquino 168
Patrae 330, 334
Patroclus 140, 335, 567, 631
patronage 152–171, 176–197, 284, 302, 404, 407
patronage, architecture 176–197
patronage, art 152–171
Patrophilus, sculptor 116
Pattanam 399
Pausanias 243, 252
Pausanias the Regent 301, 326
pavonazzetto 70, 126, 138, 154, 156, 220, 332, 383, 523
Peisianax 181
Pella 115, 123, 279, 304
Pella, House of Dionysus 279
Pella, House of the Abduction of Helen 279
Pella, palace 279
Peloponnesian War 303–304, 305, 306, 345, 592
Pelops 154
Penelope 21, 26–27
Pentelic marble 157, 182, 192, 254
Penteskouphia 115
Penthesilea 168, 630–631
Penthesilea Painter 630–631
Peplos Kore 492
Pergamum 88, 139, 158–160, 182, 204, 279, 301, 302, 330, 334, 378, 481
Pergamum, Great Altar of Zeus 158–160, 302, 330, 481
Pergamum, Temple of Hera 301
Pergamum, Trajaneum 139
Pergamum Museum, Berlin 480–481
Perge 195–196
Pericles 154–155, 181, 183, 431, 544–545, 579, 585, 588, 662
period style 547
peripheries 399
peripteros 330–331
peristasis 331
Perrier, François 429
Perseus 31
Perseus, King of Macedonia 378
Persia 7, 79, 124, 154, 157, 182, 395, 398, 511, 630, 677
Persian Wars 79, 154, 182, 276, 277, 303, 592
Perugino 425
Petrarch 423–424, 500, 525
Petronius 140, 385, 587
Phaeacians 32
Phaedra 322
phantasia 37
Pharsalus 123, 157
Phatres, painter 123
Pheneus 301–302
phenomenology 2, 405–406, 409
Pherecydes 154
Phidias, sculptor 33, 36–38, 53, 80, 111, 114, 154–155, 151, 206, 209, 230, 295, 301, 380, 381, 386, 420, 431, 476, 523–525, 527, 535, 579
Philagrus 144
Phile of Priene 189
Philetaerus 311
philhellenism 183
Philip II 155, 156–157, 184, 185–186, 279, 508
Philip III 186
Philochorus 143
Philocles, architect 143
Philocles, painter 115
Philology 444–445, 527, 558
Philon of Byzantium 56
Philon of Eleusis, architect 75, 141, 144
Philostratus 70, 86, 209
Philoxenus of Eretria, painter 530
Phocas, sculptor 124
Phocians 144
Photius 525
Phrasicleia 294
Phrygia 25, 409
Phryne 615
Phyromachus of Cephisia, sculptor 120, 159–160
Piazza Armerina, Villa del Casale 465
Picasso, Pablo 85, 419–420, 432–433, 509, 647
piety 93–94, 329, 668, 672, 680
pigments 204–205, 208, 215, 219, 227–228, 451
(p. 703) pilasters 243, 244, 354
pinacothecae 384–385
Pindar 27–28, 29, 33, 36
Pinturicchio 425
Piraeus 50, 72, 143, 246, 277, 335
Piraeus, Arsenal/Skeuotheke of Philon 44, 75, 140, 141, 144
Piraeus, Asclepieum 341
Pisa, Greece 154
Pisa, Italy 421
Pisanello 424
pisé, building technique 244
Pisistratids 139, 160, 179, 181
Pisistratus the younger 181, 330
Pistias 52
Pistoletto 652
Piston, sculptor 163
Pitsa, votive plaques 227
Plancia Magna 195–196
Plataea, Battle of 155
Plato 12, 30, 35, 37, 43, 44, 49, 53, 70, 88, 678
play, theory 86–93
plebs 320, 605
Pliny the Younger 147, 427
Plutus 302, 341
polis 141, 155, 180–182, 562, 583, 585, 588, 671
politai 589
Pollis, architect 44, 75
Polybius 279, 504
polychromy 162, 206, 208, 215, 216, 221, 227, 304, 368, 431, 450
polychromy, architecture 368, 431
polychromy, sculpture 206, 208, 215, 221, 450
Polyclitus, sculptor 43–44, 48, 59, 71, 75, 76–77, 79–80, 111, 114, 122, 138, 165, 204, 375, 381, 382, 386, 420, 424, 427, 519–520, 522–525, 535, 642–643, 668, 683
Polycrates of Samos, tyrant 178, 181, 329
Polydorus, sculptor 526
Polyeuctus, sculptor 296
Polygnotus, painter 117, 304, 523, 530
Polyidos, architect 44
Polymedes, sculptor 114
Polyphemus 31, 313, 622–623, 625
Polyzalus 152–153
pomerium 190
pompae 357, 362
Pompeia Helena, goldsmith 125
Pompeii 4, 89, 90, 94–98, 101, 166, 195, 258, 270, 282–283, 313–314, 318–319, 357, 364, 375, 384–385, 447, 455, 457, 461, 465–466, 502, 530, 569, 613
Pompeii, Capitoline Temple 95
Pompeii, Casa del Bell’Impluvio 90
Pompeii, Casa del Piano Superiore 90
Pompeii, Casa della Venere 90
Pompeii, Forum 97
Pompeii, Forum Baths 258
Pompeii, House of Lucius Caecilius Iucundus 95
Pompeii, House of the Menander 384
Pompeii, House of the Silver Wedding 283, 466
Pompeii, House of the Vettii 384–385
Pompeii, Porta Ercolana 364
Pompeii, Porta Nocera 364
Pompeii, Praedia of Julia Felix 95–98
Pompeii, Sanctuary of Isis 357
Pompeii, Stabian Baths 258
Pompeii, Vesuvian Gate 95
Pompeii, Villa dei Misteri 313–314
Pompey 147, 192, 256, 282, 378–379, 383, 384
ponos/labor 584
Pope Clemens VII 426
Pope Gregory XV 503–504
Pope Julius II 426, 501
Pope Leo X 426
Pope Paul III 426, 501
Pope Pius IV 427
Pope Sixtus IV 425
Poppea 381
Poseidon-Neptune 154, 243, 304, 329, 332, 531, 591
(p. 704) Posidippus 70, 79
positivism 4, 529, 649, 650
post-and-lintel system 245
Postumius Albinus 191, 317
Potidaea 306
Poussin, Nicholas 429
Praeneste, Sanctuary of Fortuna 147
praetor 310, 605, 606
pragmatics 667
Prato Cathedral 424
Praxidamas 300
prayer 23, 24, 331–332
preservation, conservation 461–462
Prettejohn, Elizabeth 641, 642–644
prevention, conservation 467
Priene 44, 146, 183, 184, 189, 278, 279, 585
Priene, Stoa of Orophernes 333
Priene, Temple of Athena 44, 73, 144–145, 531
Priene, urban development 189, 278
priest 55, 176, 186, 189, 295, 334–335, 357, 426, 677, 681
priestess 167, 189, 195, 295, 323, 334–335
Prima Porta, Livia’s Villa 90–91
Princeps 318–320, 585
Princeton University Museum 510
procession 32, 158, 333–336, 588
Procopius 524
profectio 361
Proiectus, sculptor 116
pronaos 95, 163, 357
Pronomus Painter 304–305
propraetor 520
Proserpina 570
proskenion 120
Protarchos, engraver 224
Protogenes, painter 75, 156, 165, 226–227
Protogeometric period 243–244
provinces, art of 395–409
provincia 395
provincial 195–196, 284, 389, 395–402
Psenobastis, painter 123
psychoanalysis 418, 668
Ptolemaeus Chennos 125
Ptolemy I 121
Ptolemy II Philadelphus 145, 146–147, 158, 186, 188
Ptolemy III Euergetes 158
Publius Curtilius Agatus, silversmith 211
Publius Longidienus 607–608
Puglia 422
Puteoli 137, 255
pycnostyle 57, 355
Pyrilampus of Messene, sculptor 123
Pyrrhus, potter 112
Pythagoras, philosopher 43, 56
Pythagoras of Rhegium, sculptor 51, 80, 161, 300
Pytheus, architect 44, 48, 71, 73–75, 77, 136, 144, 145, 146, 178, 183, 302, 531
Pythocritus, sculptor 123
Python, vase painter 113
quarries 65, 141, 208, 212–213, 220–222, 246, 254, 255
Quatremère de Quincy, Antoine-Chrysôstome 206, 504
Quintilian 33, 49, 70, 204, 383, 384, 443, 521, 606
Quintus Caecelius Metellus Macedonicus 157–158, 192
Quintus Lutatius Catulus 160, 169
Rabirius, architect 147, 161, 178
Raphael 425, 427–428, 429
Ravenna 607
Ravenna, Basilica of San Vitale 424
realism 80, 157, 317, 428–429
receiver 590, 642–643, 646, 649, 670
Reception Theory 2, 450, 634, 637–656, 678
reconstruction, conservation 260, 461, 465
Regilla 196
rehabilitation, conservation 460, 461, 464
Reichskunst 399, 401
Reims 408, 418, 421
reliquary 422
relocation, conservation 465
(p. 705) Renaissance 50, 56, 107, 152, 205, 241, 390, 417–420, 423–429, 474–475, 479, 488, 500, 525, 526, 531, 574, 575, 653, 656, 664
Renaissance, Early 429
renovation, conservation 464
repairs, ancient 189, 192, 194, 212, 214, 217, 218, 221
repatriation 500, 504, 505, 510–511
replication, conservation 465
Republic 59, 100, 147, 160–161, 163, 166, 182, 192, 280–281, 282, 315–317, 324, 355, 364, 365, 377, 379, 383, 386, 388, 399, 443, 501, 591, 605, 610
Republic, Early 280, 355
Republic, Late 14, 166, 182, 192, 281, 282, 315–317, 324, 364, 365, 377, 379, 383, 386, 388, 399, 443, 501, 591, 605, 610
Republic, Middle 280–281
Res Gestae Divi Augusti 192, 368, 398
restitutio 425
restoration 431, 450, 464, 465
Rexibius 300
Rhamnus 295, 301, 523, 530, 531
Rhamnus, Temple of Nemesis 162, 531
Rhea Silvia 570
Rhine 400, 402, 406
Rhodes 86, 123, 274
Rhoecus, architect 72, 178
Riace bronzes 208, 232, 530
Ricci hydria 337
Richardson, Jonathan 526
Ridgeway, Brunilde 450
Riegl, Alois 375, 399, 401, 405, 417, 448, 543, 546, 551, 654, 673
ritualism 625
Robert, Carl 4, 417, 558, 570, 622–625, 630, 666
rococo, Hellenistic 381
Rococo 430
Rodenwaldt, Gerhart 570
Romanesque 457
Romanization 400–403, 409
Rome 170–178, 280
Rome, Aedes Vestae 194
Rome, Aqua Appia 190, 255, 280
Rome, Ara Pacis 284, 357–358, 465, 491, 585, 668
Rome, Arch of Constantine 170, 427
Rome, Arch of Septimius Severus 170, 462
Rome, Arch of Titus 170, 284, 375, 457, 464, 662, 665
Rome, Atrium of the Vestals 194
Rome, Basilica Julia 524
Rome, Basilica Nova 286
Rome, Basilica of Maxentius 259, 464
Rome, Basilica Paulii 190
Rome, Basilica Porcia 282
Rome, Basilica Sempronia 282
Rome, Baths of Agrippa 611
Rome, Baths of Caracalla 169, 363, 381, 526
Rome, Baths of Diocletian 259, 286
Rome, Baths of Titus 284
Rome, Campus Martius 192
Rome, Circus Maximus 160, 190
Rome, Cloaca Maxima 160, 190
Rome, Colosseum 148, 284, 286, 362, 423, 457, 464, 589
Rome, Column of Marcus Aurelius 319
Rome, Column of Trajan 152, 178, 284, 319, 359–360, 425
Rome, domestic architecture 282
Rome, Domus Aurea 147, 158, 164–165, 178, 284, 420, 425, 427, 530
Rome, Domus Transitoria 165
Rome, Forum Boarium 425, 427, 457–458
Rome, Forum Julium 192
Rome, Forum of Augustus 161–162, 360, 487
Rome, Forum of Trajan 139, 178, 358–360
Rome, Forum Pacis 524
Rome, Forum Romanum 163, 190–191, 194, 280, 282, 286, 357, 455, 524
Rome, Forum Transitorium 100
Rome, gardens of Sallust 169
Rome, house of Romulus 456
Rome, Iseum Campense 357
Rome, Largo Argentina 160–161, 191
Rome, Markets of Trajan 487
Rome, Mausoleum of Augustus 65, 192, 491
Rome, Palace of Domitian 147, 178
Rome, Palazzo dei Consevatori 491
Rome, Palazzo Farnese 428
(p. 706) Rome, Pantheon 139, 147, 182, 192, 193, 284, 427, 430, 575
Rome, Pons Aemilia 190
Rome, Porticus Aemilia 282
Rome, Porticus Liviae 194
Rome, Porticus Octavia 158, 161, 164, 192
Rome, San Pietro in Montorio 427
Rome, Servian Wall 190, 280
Rome, Severan Septizodium 98, 363
Rome, Shrine of Concordia 194
Rome, St. Peter’s Basilica 427
Rome, Temple of Apollo Medicus 164–165, 355
Rome, Temple of Apollo Palatinus 161, 165
Rome, Temple of Caesar 121
Rome, Temple of Castor and Pollux 100, 163, 191
Rome, Temple of Ceres 116, 121
Rome, Temple of Concordia Augusta 164–165, 195
Rome, Temple of Divus Augustus 163
Rome, Temple of Divus Trajanus 194
Rome, Temple of Fortuna Huiusce Diei 160–161
Rome, Temple of Fortuna Muliebris 194
Rome, Temple of Hercules (Boarium) 456–457
Rome, Temple of Hercules Musarum 191
Rome, Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus 55, 95, 146, 160, 169, 190, 253, 280, 318, 376
Rome, Temple of Jupiter Stator 192, 254
Rome, Temple of Mars Ultor 59
Rome, Temple of Mater Matuta 355–356
Rome, Temple of Peace 98–99, 164, 165
Rome, Temple of Salus 161, 530
Rome, Temple of Vespasian 357
Rome, Temple of Vesta 160
Rome, Theater of Aemilius Scaurus 362
Rome, Theater of Lucius Mummius 282
Rome, Theater of Marcellus 192
Rome, Theater of Pompey 147, 192, 256, 282, 379, 572
Rome, Via Anicia 99–100
Rome, Via Appia 190, 280, 572
Rome, Vigna Casali 572
Rome, Villa della Farnesina 366
Romulus 190, 456, 677
Rosetta stone 504, 512
rostrum 95, 315, 357
Rubens, Peter Paul 429
Rudolf II 503
Rutigliano 616
Ruvo di Puglia 210
Sabina 194
Sabratha 362
sacrifice 148, 301, 307, 329–335, 337, 341, 345, 357, 377, 627
Sagalassus 123
Sahara 395
Salamis Relief 50–51, 64
Saldae 148
Sallust 169
Samnite Wars 161
Samos 44, 51, 75, 76, 78, 115, 142, 178, 252, 275
Samos, Temple of Hera 44, 75, 76, 78, 252, 275
Samothrace 184, 186–188, 330, 334, 479–480, 505
Samothrace, Altar court 334
Samothrace, Banquet Hall 187–188
Samothrace, Doric Exedra 186
Samothrace, Hall of Choral Dancers 185
Samothrace, Ptolemy II’s propylon 186, 188
Samothrace, Rotunda of Arsinoe 186–187
San Antonio Museum of Art 510
Saqqara 110, 227
sarcophagus 4, 116, 167–169, 322, 397, 421, 422, 424, 489, 569–574
Sardis 184, 488
Sarnacus 44, 75
Sarpedon 482
Sarpedon, sculptor 120
Satyrus, architect 44, 71, 75
Saurias, painter 115
Saxl, Fritz 418–419, 654
scaenae frons 196, 362
Scamon of Mytilene 44
Scandinavia 395
schemata 584, 585
Schnapp, Alain 629
schole 584
schools, sculpture 107, 122–123, 405
Sciarra Amazon 535
Scipio Aemilianus 504
Scopas the Younger, sculptor 160
(p. 707) Scopas, sculptor 123, 156, 162, 380–381, 519
Scylla 165, 313
Second Sophistic 36, 183
Seleucids 197, 299
Seleucus I 299
self-evaluation 117–119
Selinus, urban development 274
Sellia Epyre, goldsmith 125
sellisternia 357
semantics 667
semiology 627
semiotics 2, 153, 354, 375, 390, 544, 624, 629, 662–683
Semon of Athens, painter 115
Senate 170–171, 180, 191, 315, 319, 395
Seneca 165, 329, 429
Septimius Severus 98, 170, 193, 285, 361, 462, 615
Serapa, goldsmith 125
Serapis 158, 357
Serlio, Sebastiano 428
Servius Tullius 190
sesquipedales 258
Settis, Salvatore 419–420
Severan Marble Plan 98–101
Severe Style 312, 383, 545, 547
Severus, architect 147, 161, 178
Sextus Pompey 162
shield portraits 92
Sichtermann, Hellmut 558–560
Sicily 113, 164, 220, 244, 249, 274, 277, 280, 333, 344, 379, 408, 500, 519, 679
Sicyon 74, 123, 125, 158, 227, 271–272, 278, 306
Sicyonian School 158
Sidon 123
Siena 421, 422
sign 625, 632, 667–672
signa palliata 161
Signorelli 425
Silanion, sculptor 44, 75, 216
Silenus 572
Silenus, writer 44, 75, 146
Sillyon in Pisidia 189
silver, material 224–226, 229–230, 249, 378
sima 139, 246
Simias, sculptor 123
Sistine Chapel 427
Sleeping Ariadne 605
Slipper-slapper group 651–652
Smicrus, vase painter 78
Smyrna 112
Smyrna, fortifications 245, 274
social history 579–595, 633
social system 13, 137, 276
sociology 2, 622, 624
Soclus of Alopece, sculptor 120
Socrates 35, 52, 583
Sol 284
Soldatenkunst 399
solid casting 225–226
sophia 33–34
Sophilus, mosaicist 115–116
Sophilus, vase painter 112–113
sophrosyne/moderatio 584, 593
Sostratus of Cnidus 145
Sosus, mosaicist 88
Sotadas, sculptor 152
Sourvinou-Inwood, Christiane 563, 627
Spain 204, 208, 386, 396, 397, 400, 402, 421
Spalato, Diocletian’s Palace 430
Sparta 42, 249, 300–301, 302, 332, 340, 591, 629–630
Sparta, Temple of Athena Chalcioecus 249, 332
Spartan, dedications 300–301
Sperlonga 313
sphagion 335, 336–337
Sphyllus, sculptor 113
Spina 569
Spinario 424, 425, 432
spolia 421
stabilization, conservation 457, 464, 465
stairs 243, 334, 367–368
Statius 365–366, 523
statues, as "doubles" 301, 628
status, social 177–178, 195, 211, 278, 294, 520, 542, 587–588
Stephanus Athlete 168–169
Stephanus, sculptor 122, 168–169
Sthennis, sculptor 163
Stoics 37, 56
Strabo 33–34, 78, 160, 205, 254, 259
Straton, sculptor 302
Strongylion, sculptor 163
structural linguistics 624, 627, 629, 631–632
structuralism 327, 627–633, 638, 650, 671
Strukturforschung 544
Strzygowski, Josef 400
stucco 227, 228, 258, 368
Studius (Ludius), painter 530
stylistic analysis 541–551
stylobate 60, 64, 181
Suda 71
Suetonius 254, 284
Sulla 121, 592
Sunium, Temple of Poseidon 61, 531
supplicatio 357
Susa 124, 298
symbol 668
Symes, Robin 509
Symmachi-Nicomachi diptych 422
symmetria 44, 46–53, 57–59, 61, 64–65, 79
syncretism 158
syngraphe 141
synoecism 277
syntactics 667–668
Syracuse
Syracuse, Temple of Apollo 181
Syracuse, Temple of Athena 249
Syria 284, 378, 396, 408, 615
systyle 57
tablinum 282, 311
Tacitus 147, 205, 602
Tadema, Alma 431
Taenarum 334
Tanagra, cemetery 219
Tanner, Jeremy 632, 650–651
Taranto/Tarentum 123, 569
Tarquinia 461
Tarquinii 160, 190
Tauriscus of Tralles, sculptor 526
techne 10, 22, 24–25, 33, 36–37, 42, 49, 51, 111, 446, 584
tegulae mammatae 258
Telemachus 42
temenos 189, 301, 330
tempera 227
Teos, Temple of Dionysus 75, 531
Terpsicles, sculptor 113
terra sigillata 220, 533
terracotta sculpture 116, 160, 218–220
tesserae 223–224
tetrastyle 90
textile 27, 205, 224, 228, 341
Thames 409
Thasos 220, 246, 247, 300–301
Thasos, Sanctuary of Artemis Eileithyia 189
thauma 24–25, 28, 32
thaumatic 26
The Hague Conventions 506
Theagenes of Thasos 300
Theater of Cassinum 315
Thebes 121, 123, 297
Thebes, Egypt 110
Themis 295
Themistocles 155, 329
Theocydes, architect 44, 75
Theodorus of Phocaea, architect 44, 146
Theodorus of Samos, architect 44, 71, 72, 75, 76, 79, 178
Theodorus, architect (Fayum) 145–146
Theodosia of Amorgos 189
Theodosius II 116, 408
Theodotus, architect 143
Theophilus 205
Theophrastus 204, 243
theoria 23–24
Theorus, sculptor 163
Thera 112, 295
Thermopylae
Thermopylae, Baths 183
Thermopylae, Battle of 65, 630
Thermum 123, 275
Theseus 305, 677, 681
Thessalonica 278, 285, 397–398
thiasoi 570, 572–573
Thmuis 116
Thrace 408
Thucydides 120, 330, 332, 602
Thurii 140, 277
Tiberius 161, 162–164, 381, 611
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus 282
tiles
tiles, stone 245
tiles, terracotta 56, 95, 217, 243, 245, 257, 258
Timanthes, painter 523
Timarchus, sculptor 122–123, 520
Timarete, painter 124–125
Timgad 284, 318, 396
Timocharis of Eleutherna, sculptor 123
Timon 125
Timonidas, vase painter 115
Timotheus, sculptor 120, 156, 162, 519, 534–535
Tischbein, Johann Heinrich Wilhelm 605
Tita, painter 124
Titian 426, 652
Titus 124, 170, 284, 320, 375, 426, 457, 464, 662–663
Tivoli, General 315
Tivoli
Tivoli, Hadrian’s Villa 148, 381–382, 425, 483
Tivoli, Temple of Vesta 465
togatus 315, 605, 607–609, 611
tombaroli 508–509
tools, stone 86, 207, 209–212, 248–252
Trajanic Frieze 389
Tralles 146, 352
Tralles, Asclepieum 146
trapezai 331
travertine 254
treasury 180–181, 182, 302, 326, 331, 345, 380
Treaty of Tolentino 504
triclinium 282, 313
Trier 285, 421
triglyph 56–57, 60–61, 64
tripod 25, 27, 28, 29, 32, 162
Tripolitania 396, 409
triumphal arch 170–171, 284, 286, 319, 361, 369, 662
Trogir 116
trompe l’oeil 88, 90, 93, 283
tryphe/luxuria 584
tubi fittili 259
tubuli 258
tuff 246, 253–254, 256
Tunisia 259, 396, 397–398, 400
Tusculum 121
Tusculum portrait type, Julius Caesar 317
Tyrannicides group 298–299, 511
tyranny 179, 180–181, 183, 190, 197, 329
Tyre 123, 463–464
Tyrrhenian amphoras 337
Umm al-Rasas, Church of St. Stephanos 116–117
UNESCO 458, 494, 507, 511, 514
Upper Lotharingia 418
urban planning 270–286, 451
Valerius Maximus 161, 209
Varro, Marcus Terentius 43, 45, 73, 76, 204
Vasari, Giorgio 205, 232, 424, 427, 443, 445, 447, 526, 621, 633
vase painters 28, 94, 107, 108, 113, 117–118, 207, 218, 334, 531–535, 559, 561–562, 650
vase-painting
vase-painting, Apulian 94, 152, 166, 572
vase-painting, Attic 108, 166, 304, 338–339, 482, 533–535, 544, 585
vase-painting, Attic black-figure 88, 113, 207, 219, 334, 335, 489, 508, 632
vase-painting, Attic red-figure 25, 87, 92, 93, 108, 113, 118, 124, 207, 210, 217, 218–219, 304, 337, 476, 482, 489, 532, 616
vase-painting, coral red 28, 208
vase-painting, Corinthian 227, 533
vase-painting, Geometric 22, 85, 112, 207, 219, 560, 566
vase-painting, white-ground 208, 304
Vatican Loggias 425
vaulting
vaulting, barrel 282
vaulting, tubes (see tubi fittili)
Venice 420, 425, 428, 504
(p. 710) Venice Charter 458
Venus de Milo 386, 477, 479–480, 505, 644–647, 649, 651
Venus Victrix 378
venustas 45–46
Vergina 306–307, 492, 508
Vergina, Great Tumulus 508
Vergina, Tomb 1 306
Vergina, Tomb 2 306–307
Vergina, Tomb 3 307
Vernant, Jean-Pierre 561–562, 624, 628–629, 671
Vespasian 164–165, 170, 320, 357
Vezelay, Basilica 421
Vicentia, goldsmith 125
Viciria 606–607
victor statue 300–301
Vienne 398
villa maritima 89
Vipsania Pollo 194
Virgil 205, 423, 446, 524
Visconti, Ennio Quirino 431
Vitruvian Man 48–49
Volcacius Myronopous 169
Völkerpsychologie 622–625
Volksbewusstein 622
Volksgeist 400
Volkskunst 400
Volksvorstellungen 622, 625
Volta Dorata 427
Volubilis 396
von Klenze, Leo 430
von Sandrart, Joachim 429
von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Ulrich 558
votive relief 210, 303, 334, 335, 339, 340, 341–342, 346, 583
Vroulia 274
Vulca of Veii, sculptor 116, 160, 163, 220
Vulci 569
wages 119–122
walls, fortification 243, 245, 270, 273, 274, 276, 286, 407
Warburg, Aby 417–419, 557, 558, 654, 666
Weber, Karl 97, 483, 502
Westmacott Boy 535
Wickhoff, Franz 375, 448, 673
Wiligelmo 421
Winckelmann, Johann Joachim 107, 206–207, 374–375, 426, 430, 443–444, 447, 449, 475, 502, 526–527, 541, 570, 643–644, 654, 665
Wölfflin, Heinrich 449, 543, 557–558, 654, 673
wood, building material 203, 209, 228, 230, 242–244, 245, 249, 252, 253, 259
Wunderkammern 474–475
Xeniades 339
Xenocrateia 329
Xenocrates, sculptor 75, 79–80, 521–522
Xenophanes 36
Xenophilus, sculptor 302
Xenophon 22–23, 35, 305, 329
Xerxes 298, 511–512
Yemen 124
Yria on Naxos, Temple of Dionysus 246
Zagora on Andros 273–274
Zanker, Paul 375
Zenas Junior, sculptor 169–170
Zenas, son of Alexander, sculptor 169
Zenodorus, sculptor 165–166
Zervos, Christian