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date: 01 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the use of anthropological approaches in the study of the art and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome. It begins by considering the juxtaposition between anthropology and classical archaeology, citing the case of Carl Robert and his analysis of texts and images in terms of narrative structure by invoking the notion of Völkerpsychologie. It then turns to a discussion of the formalist approach as the dominant mode for interpreting both sculpture and painted vases. The chapter concludes by analyzing the issue of what constitutes “art” and the value of aesthetic appreciation, along with the essential underpinnings of traditional Greek and Roman art history.

Keywords: ancient Greece, ancient Rome, anthropology, archaeology, architecture, art, art history, Carl Robert, sculpture, Völkerpsychologie

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