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date: 30 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the iconographical and iconological methods used to interpret the art and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome. It begins with a discussion of the juxtaposition of the terms “iconography” and “iconology” in Greek and Roman art, before turning to early studies of Greek and Roman iconography. In particular, it considers the works of scholars such as Carl Robert, Hellmut Sichtermann, and Nikolaus Himmelmann-Wildschütz. It also explores iconographic studies that focus on both the mechanisms of construction and the transmission of images, with reference to the peculiarities of images on vases and the proper ways of reading them. The article analyzes the kylix by Exekias in Munich within the context of the iconography of Dionysus in Archaic art, before concluding by looking at the classification of Roman sarcophagi based on iconography and iconology.

Keywords: ancient Greece, ancient Rome, architecture, art, iconography, iconology, images, kylix, sarcophagi, vases

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