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date: 27 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the city and the concept of the urban environment in the context of art and architecture in ancient Greece and Rome. Using a holistic approach, it highlights the wide variety of buildings produced in the Greek and Roman world. Before discussing the specific achievements of Greek and Roman urbanism, the chapter considers the scholarly investigations into the historiography of ancient Greek and Roman cities, including large-scale archaeological excavations and geophysical surveys. It then examines changes in the ancient built environment, particularly the integration of public architecture, especially stone temples, in Greek settlements and nearby sanctuaries. The chapter also looks at residential housing and the transition from the modest settlements of Early Iron Age Greece to elaborate cityscapes.

Keywords: ancient Greece, ancient Rome, architecture, art, cities, cityscapes, residential housing, stone temples, urbanism

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