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date: 30 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the patronage, financing, and sponsorship of architecture in ancient Greece and Rome. It first considers the classic relationship of patron and artist in the ancient world, embodied by Alexander and Deinocrates. It then examines some of the phenomena that characterize the relationship between patronage and construction in the ancient Greek and Roman world, with emphasis on female patrons in order to understand the dynamics of wealth, opportunity, and obligation in relation to architecture. The article also looks at building patrons in Athens and the commissioning of civic and sacred buildings by public entities, such as the polis or the Roman Senate. In addition, it cites the island Sanctuary of the Great Gods on Samothrace as an example of architectural patronage at work during the Hellenistic period. Finally, it discusses the architectural aspects of the Roman Empire, along with the roles of kings, generals, emperors, and plutocrats in building it.

Keywords: ancient Greece, ancient Rome, architecture, buildings, financing, patronage, polis, Samothrace, sponsorship, wealth

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