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date: 01 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the architects of ancient Greece and Rome, with particular emphasis on their social standing and on the problems involved in the reconstruction of their specific contribution. It begins by considering evidence concerning Greek and Roman architecture, including inscriptions and documents such as the treatise De architectura by Vitruvius Pollio and the syngraphe (specification) and paradeigmata. It then turns to a discussion of the role of architects as designers and contractors and sometimes even as leaseholders and supervisors of buildings. It also discusses the specific characteristics of the workshops to which the executing craftsmen belonged. The chapter discusses some Greek and Roman architects such as Ictinus, Callicrates, Mnesicles, Libon, Theodotus, Philon of Eleusis, Pytheus, Deinocrates, Sostratus of Cnidus, Cleon, Cossutius, Apollodorus, and Vitruvius himself.

Keywords: ancient Greece, ancient Rome, architects, architecture, buildings, craftsmen, paradeigmata, syngraphe, Vitruvius, workshops

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