- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Becoming Human: From the Embryo to the Newborn Child
- The Demography of Infancy and Early Childhood in the Ancient World
- Babies in the Well: Archeological Evidence for Newborn Disposal in Hellenistic Greece
- Infant Exposure and Infanticide
- The Child Patient of the Hippocratics: Early Pediatrics?
- Raising a Disabled Child
- Children in Archaic and Classical Greek Art: A Survey
- Children as Learners and Producers in Early Greece
- Shifting Gender: Age and Social Status as Modifiers of Childhood Gender in Ancient Athens
- Children in Athenian Religion
- Play, Pathos, and Precocity: The Three P’s of Greek Literary Childhood
- Children in Latin Epic
- The Socialization of Roman Children
- Slave and Lower-Class Roman Children
- Children and Childhood in Roman Commemorative Art
- Toys, Dolls, and the Material Culture of Childhood
- Roman Children and the Law
- Education in Plato’s <i>Laws</i>
- Boys, Girls, Family, and the State at Sparta
- Engendering the Scroll: Girls’ and Women’s Literacy in Classical Greece
- Educating the Youth: The Athenian Ephebeia in the Early Hellenistic Era
- The Ancient Child in School
- Children in Ptolemaic Egypt: What the Papyri Say
- Children in Roman Egypt
- Adoption and Fosterage in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean
- Pictorial Paideia: Children in the Synagogue
- Children and “the Child” in Early Christianity
- Elite Children, Socialization, and Agency in the Late Roman World
- Remembering Children in the Roman Catacombs
- Stages of Infancy in Roman Amphora Burial
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter explores the everyday lives of children in Roman Egypt of the first three centuries CE. A reading of household census material from the perspective of children’s positions illustrates the crowded nature of home life. Prevailing high mortality rates combined with virilocal marriage patterns to result in families within which children were raised alongside numerous siblings, cousins, and unrelated children—domestic life was far from isolating. The chapter also uses private letters and archeological material to ask who were the prominent adults in children’s lives: wet nurses would frequently contribute to the care of very young children, and aunts and grandmothers happily accepted obligations in guardianship, apprenticeship arrangements, and socialization of children within and outside the home. Children born into wealthier families enjoyed opportunities to join fellow pupils and teachers at a school in the city and often wrote home expressing familiar sentiments of affection for their home life.
April Pudsey, Lecturer in Roman History, Birkbeck College, University of London (UK).
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