- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Becoming Human: From the Embryo to the Newborn Child
- The Demography of Infancy and Early Childhood in the Ancient World
- Babies in the Well: Archeological Evidence for Newborn Disposal in Hellenistic Greece
- Infant Exposure and Infanticide
- The Child Patient of the Hippocratics: Early Pediatrics?
- Raising a Disabled Child
- Children in Archaic and Classical Greek Art: A Survey
- Children as Learners and Producers in Early Greece
- Shifting Gender: Age and Social Status as Modifiers of Childhood Gender in Ancient Athens
- Children in Athenian Religion
- Play, Pathos, and Precocity: The Three P’s of Greek Literary Childhood
- Children in Latin Epic
- The Socialization of Roman Children
- Slave and Lower-Class Roman Children
- Children and Childhood in Roman Commemorative Art
- Toys, Dolls, and the Material Culture of Childhood
- Roman Children and the Law
- Education in Plato’s <i>Laws</i>
- Boys, Girls, Family, and the State at Sparta
- Engendering the Scroll: Girls’ and Women’s Literacy in Classical Greece
- Educating the Youth: The Athenian Ephebeia in the Early Hellenistic Era
- The Ancient Child in School
- Children in Ptolemaic Egypt: What the Papyri Say
- Children in Roman Egypt
- Adoption and Fosterage in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean
- Pictorial Paideia: Children in the Synagogue
- Children and “the Child” in Early Christianity
- Elite Children, Socialization, and Agency in the Late Roman World
- Remembering Children in the Roman Catacombs
- Stages of Infancy in Roman Amphora Burial
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter queries a textual corpus comprised of tax records, petitions, contracts, laws, business correspondence, and private letters written in Ptolemaic Egypt (305–30 BCE). Although most of the contexts in which children appear are more revealing of the values, concerns, and expectations of adults than they are of children’s own experiences and motivations, the papyri nevertheless reveal how children were invested with the transmission of the distinct cultural identity of their social (Greek or Egyptian) environment. The chapter examines the family unit in the early decades of the Greek occupation of Egypt, noting the marked underrepresentation of girls in Greek households, and then traces the course of children’s lives, from pregnancy to birth and birthday, from toys to school or workplace, and, for too many, to premature death.
Maryline Parca, Visiting Scholar, Department of History at the University of California, San Diego; Adjunct Professor in History, University of San Diego (USA).
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