- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Becoming Human: From the Embryo to the Newborn Child
- The Demography of Infancy and Early Childhood in the Ancient World
- Babies in the Well: Archeological Evidence for Newborn Disposal in Hellenistic Greece
- Infant Exposure and Infanticide
- The Child Patient of the Hippocratics: Early Pediatrics?
- Raising a Disabled Child
- Children in Archaic and Classical Greek Art: A Survey
- Children as Learners and Producers in Early Greece
- Shifting Gender: Age and Social Status as Modifiers of Childhood Gender in Ancient Athens
- Children in Athenian Religion
- Play, Pathos, and Precocity: The Three P’s of Greek Literary Childhood
- Children in Latin Epic
- The Socialization of Roman Children
- Slave and Lower-Class Roman Children
- Children and Childhood in Roman Commemorative Art
- Toys, Dolls, and the Material Culture of Childhood
- Roman Children and the Law
- Education in Plato’s <i>Laws</i>
- Boys, Girls, Family, and the State at Sparta
- Engendering the Scroll: Girls’ and Women’s Literacy in Classical Greece
- Educating the Youth: The Athenian Ephebeia in the Early Hellenistic Era
- The Ancient Child in School
- Children in Ptolemaic Egypt: What the Papyri Say
- Children in Roman Egypt
- Adoption and Fosterage in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean
- Pictorial Paideia: Children in the Synagogue
- Children and “the Child” in Early Christianity
- Elite Children, Socialization, and Agency in the Late Roman World
- Remembering Children in the Roman Catacombs
- Stages of Infancy in Roman Amphora Burial
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter explores the nexus between childhood gender and the variables of age and social status in fifth-century BCE Athens. Employing the evidence of ancient Greek literature and of Athenian funerary archeology and iconography, it demonstrates that from a gender-neutral infant stage the engendering of boys and girls subsequently proceeded along markedly different trajectories and at markedly different rates. In the case of the Athenian girl, the foundations of social puberty were laid many years before biological puberty, thus facilitating her socialization along a linear route that involved the progressive intensification of female identity. By contrast, the engendering of the Athenian boy was a lengthier and more complex affair that saw the development of social puberty largely follow biological puberty. This resulted in an extended adolescent phase during which male and female gendered identities coexisted within the male’s person, this mutability of gender being significant in his full maturation as a future Athenian citizen.
Lesley Beaumont, Senior Lecturer in Classical Archaeology, University of Sydney (Australia).
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