- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Becoming Human: From the Embryo to the Newborn Child
- The Demography of Infancy and Early Childhood in the Ancient World
- Babies in the Well: Archeological Evidence for Newborn Disposal in Hellenistic Greece
- Infant Exposure and Infanticide
- The Child Patient of the Hippocratics: Early Pediatrics?
- Raising a Disabled Child
- Children in Archaic and Classical Greek Art: A Survey
- Children as Learners and Producers in Early Greece
- Shifting Gender: Age and Social Status as Modifiers of Childhood Gender in Ancient Athens
- Children in Athenian Religion
- Play, Pathos, and Precocity: The Three P’s of Greek Literary Childhood
- Children in Latin Epic
- The Socialization of Roman Children
- Slave and Lower-Class Roman Children
- Children and Childhood in Roman Commemorative Art
- Toys, Dolls, and the Material Culture of Childhood
- Roman Children and the Law
- Education in Plato’s <i>Laws</i>
- Boys, Girls, Family, and the State at Sparta
- Engendering the Scroll: Girls’ and Women’s Literacy in Classical Greece
- Educating the Youth: The Athenian Ephebeia in the Early Hellenistic Era
- The Ancient Child in School
- Children in Ptolemaic Egypt: What the Papyri Say
- Children in Roman Egypt
- Adoption and Fosterage in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean
- Pictorial Paideia: Children in the Synagogue
- Children and “the Child” in Early Christianity
- Elite Children, Socialization, and Agency in the Late Roman World
- Remembering Children in the Roman Catacombs
- Stages of Infancy in Roman Amphora Burial
Abstract and Keywords
The relatively high proportion of children in early Greek communities has important implications for understanding material culture. This essay considers the importance of children as learners and participants in cultural reproduction through the evidence of ritual material. Anthropological models and ethnographic parallels are used to articulate criteria and possible models for learning environments, with a focus on the eighth and seventh centuries BCE as a period of significant change. Evidence from three different material categories reveal possible products of young rising craftsmen and worshippers: a special class of miniature pottery made for use in the Artemis sanctuary at Eretria, miniature vessels placed in child graves in Athens, and bronze votive figurines at Olympia. Approaching children not just as passive recipients of culture but also as agents and partners in the creation of new social and political structures can more fully elucidate social change in early Greece.
Susan Langdon, Professor of Greek Art and Archaeology, University of Missouri (USA).
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