- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Becoming Human: From the Embryo to the Newborn Child
- The Demography of Infancy and Early Childhood in the Ancient World
- Babies in the Well: Archeological Evidence for Newborn Disposal in Hellenistic Greece
- Infant Exposure and Infanticide
- The Child Patient of the Hippocratics: Early Pediatrics?
- Raising a Disabled Child
- Children in Archaic and Classical Greek Art: A Survey
- Children as Learners and Producers in Early Greece
- Shifting Gender: Age and Social Status as Modifiers of Childhood Gender in Ancient Athens
- Children in Athenian Religion
- Play, Pathos, and Precocity: The Three P’s of Greek Literary Childhood
- Children in Latin Epic
- The Socialization of Roman Children
- Slave and Lower-Class Roman Children
- Children and Childhood in Roman Commemorative Art
- Toys, Dolls, and the Material Culture of Childhood
- Roman Children and the Law
- Education in Plato’s <i>Laws</i>
- Boys, Girls, Family, and the State at Sparta
- Engendering the Scroll: Girls’ and Women’s Literacy in Classical Greece
- Educating the Youth: The Athenian Ephebeia in the Early Hellenistic Era
- The Ancient Child in School
- Children in Ptolemaic Egypt: What the Papyri Say
- Children in Roman Egypt
- Adoption and Fosterage in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean
- Pictorial Paideia: Children in the Synagogue
- Children and “the Child” in Early Christianity
- Elite Children, Socialization, and Agency in the Late Roman World
- Remembering Children in the Roman Catacombs
- Stages of Infancy in Roman Amphora Burial
Abstract and Keywords
Scholars have claimed that the Hippocratics did not have pediatrics. Hippocratic authors made remarks about children’s ailments such as night blindness, dropsy, and tonsillitis, and this chapter uses them to argue for the presence of a coherent Hippocratic model of the child’s body. Its most significant characteristic, between the ages of dentition and puberty, was that it lacked the body passages of an adult that facilitated the formation of apostases. This model presented a challenge to typical Hippocratic therapy that made doctors wary of intervening in the course of a child’s disease—except in the case of head injuries. A child’s head could harbor a dangerous amount of phlegm, the humor associated with many of the diseases, especially seizures and epilepsy, believed to attack children. However, because even a child’s head was thought to contain spaces in which the fluid could gather, it was seen as amenable to treatment by trephination.
Lesley Dean-Jones, Associate Professor of Classics, University of Texas at Austin (USA).
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