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date: 30 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter analyzes the demographic realities of infancy and early childhood in terms of mortality levels in particular, looking at ways to measure them in the ancient world and at varied factors that caused high mortality. Particular emphasis is placed on the utility of demographic models in this context and to the extent to which different levels may have featured across not only time and space but also between different socioeconomic groups and classes. Breastfeeding as a social and demographic reality is also considered.

Keywords: Infant mortality, death, fertility, disease, birth, breastfeeding, model life tables, wet nurses

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