Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

It is now generally acknowledged that the creation of all New Englishes (both ‘creoles’ and ‘indigenized varieties’) shares a great deal in common with regard to both the socio-historical circumstances and the processes of linguistic restructuring and change that were involved. It is generally agreed that these creations are all outcomes of language shift (i.e., group second language acquisition). The processes of restructuring by which they emerged involved the interplay of three primary factors: input from English varieties, influence from learners’ L1s, and internal developments. This chapter discusses the similarities and differences in the macro-level social contexts and community settings in which both creoles and indigenized varieties emerged and shows how such factors help us to understand the similarities in the processes of linguistic restructuring and adaptation that led to their creation.

Keywords: World Englishes, English-lexicon creoles, indigenized varieties, social contexts, restructuring, natural second language acquisition, substrate influence, simplification

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.