Abstract and Keywords
Humanitarian crises can have significant psychological consequences in children, especially among those who suffered from deprivation and adversity prior to the event. As the international community has improved its ability to respond to humanitarian crises, the strategies and practices for enhancing resilience and preventing psychological harm have evolved. Early efforts focused on establishing consensus-based practice guidelines. One goal of these guidelines was to bridge a schism between mental health experts and those who promoted psychosocial well-being. Further experience, including the 2004 tsunami in Asia, invigorated efforts to enhance research on the topic and develop evidence-based programs. This has resulted in international efforts to develop research agendas and to address long-standing ethical challenges in doing research on vulnerable populations during humanitarian crises. Further progress will be dependent on creating partnerships between scientists and practitioners and developing innovative strategies to integrate research studies into humanitarian programs.
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