- Oxford Library Of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction: Why Study Poverty?
- How Poverty Gets Under the Skin: A Life Course Perspective
- Economic Hardship and Its Consequences Across Generations
- Poverty Status and the Effects of Family Structure on Child Well-Being
- Long-Term Consequences of Child Neglect in Low-Income Families
- Children and Families in Poverty: Federal Perspectives on Applied Research and Evaluation
- The Early Development of Vagal Tone: Effects of Poverty and Elevated Contextual Risk
- Maternal Mental Health and Child Health and Nutrition
- Fatherhood and Fathering Among Low-Income and Minority Men
- Adolescent Parenting: Risk and Protective Factors in the Context of Poverty
- Cognitive Development and Family Resources Among Children of Immigrant Families
- The Dynamic of Poverty and Affluence in Child Adoption
- Poverty, Stress, and Autonomic Reactivity
- Employment in Low-Income Families
- Nonstandard Work Schedules and Child Development
- How Welfare and Employment Policies Influence Children's Development
- Work-Family Policies and Child Well-Being in Low-Income Families
- SES, Childhood Experience, and the Neural Bases of Cognition
- Family Factors, Childcare Quality, and Cognitive Outcomes
- Child Health and Early Education
- Child Care and Early Education for Low-Income Families: Choices and Consequences
- Evidence-Based School Interventions to Reduce Achievement Inequality
- Poverty and HPA Functioning in Young Children
- Extrafamilial Contexts and Children's Conduct Problems
- Neighborhood Effects on Children's Achievement: A Review of Recent Research
- Children Living in Rural Poverty: The Role of Chaos in Early Development
- Homelessness and Child Outcomes
- Poverty and Possibility in the Lives of American Indian and Alaska Native Children
- Poverty, the Development of Effortful Control, and Children's Academic, Social, and Emotional Adjustment
- Preventive Interventions: Parenting and the Home Environment
- Interventions for Low-Income Families: Sesame Workshop's Educational Outreach and the Healthy Habits for Life Initiative
- Translating Longitudinal, Developmental Research With Rural African American Families Into Prevention Programs for Rural African American Youth
- Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: Effects on Growth, Health, and Development in Young Children
- Children in Global Adversity: Physical, Mental, Behavioral, and Symbolic Dimensions of Health
- Addressing the Consequences of Concentrated Adversity on Child and Adolescent Mental Health
- Everyday Distress: Psychosocial and Economic Impact of Forced Migration on Children and Families
- Cross-Cultural and Cross-National Parenting Perspectives
- Humanitarian Crises in Low-Resource Settings: Evidence-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Interventions for Children
- Future Directions in Research on Children and Poverty
Abstract and Keywords
Early childhood experiences are known to influence key biological systems such as brain development, cell growth, hormonal, and immune development, a process known as “biological embedding” that reflects close associations between the social and the developmental gradients of health. Little is known about the full range of physical, socioeconomic, and sociopolitical experiences that matters for children outside Western contexts, and how these experiences differentially affect biological responses and developmental outcomes. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a global health perspective on child development and poverty. We review the literature on child health and global adversity and outline a conceptual framework to discuss both the research and applied aspects of the social ecology of child development. In addition, we evaluate the existing evidence base for children in global adversity: young people who face significant economic poverty, life disruption, violence, and social inequality within larger-scale processes of sociopolitical crises or rapid socioeconomic transformation demanding intervention. We conclude by discussing the ways in which governments can promote optimal development by supporting early, low-cost interventions as well as providing support for more research.
Catherine Panter-Brick, Department of Anthropology, Yale University.
Daniel Lende, College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Anthropology, University of South Florida.
Brandon A. Kohrt, Department of Anthropology, Emory University.
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