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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs operate by giving cash payments to families only if they comply with a set of certain requirements relating to the health and education of family members. In this paper we discuss why and how CCTs could affect children's outcomes, and review evidence from CCT programs throughout the world that focus on the effects of CCT programs on birth outcomes, children's health and growth, and children's cognitive development. Finally, we examine the effects of CCT programs on factors that could indirectly affect child outcomes, such as growth monitoring and household food purchases. We discuss evidence from conditional cash transfer programs in Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Honduras, Nicaragua, Colombia, India, Nepal, and Jamaica, and unconditional cash transfer programs in South Africa, Malawi, and Ecuador.

Keywords: poverty alleviation, welfare, incentive-based, targeting, cognition, developing countries

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