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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Understanding how low childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with lower cognitive and educational outcomes has the potential to reduce the intergenerational transmission of poverty, to level the societal playing field, and to enhance the world's human capital. This chapter provides a review of the literature on neurocognitive development and poverty, shedding light on the potential influences and causal relationships. We discuss our research, which offers a neuropsychological profile of children in poverty, and we conclude with a discussion of areas where more research is needed.

Keywords: poverty, neuroscience, brain development, SES, child development, cognitive development

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