- Oxford Library Of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction: Why Study Poverty?
- How Poverty Gets Under the Skin: A Life Course Perspective
- Economic Hardship and Its Consequences Across Generations
- Poverty Status and the Effects of Family Structure on Child Well-Being
- Long-Term Consequences of Child Neglect in Low-Income Families
- Children and Families in Poverty: Federal Perspectives on Applied Research and Evaluation
- The Early Development of Vagal Tone: Effects of Poverty and Elevated Contextual Risk
- Maternal Mental Health and Child Health and Nutrition
- Fatherhood and Fathering Among Low-Income and Minority Men
- Adolescent Parenting: Risk and Protective Factors in the Context of Poverty
- Cognitive Development and Family Resources Among Children of Immigrant Families
- The Dynamic of Poverty and Affluence in Child Adoption
- Poverty, Stress, and Autonomic Reactivity
- Employment in Low-Income Families
- Nonstandard Work Schedules and Child Development
- How Welfare and Employment Policies Influence Children's Development
- Work-Family Policies and Child Well-Being in Low-Income Families
- SES, Childhood Experience, and the Neural Bases of Cognition
- Family Factors, Childcare Quality, and Cognitive Outcomes
- Child Health and Early Education
- Child Care and Early Education for Low-Income Families: Choices and Consequences
- Evidence-Based School Interventions to Reduce Achievement Inequality
- Poverty and HPA Functioning in Young Children
- Extrafamilial Contexts and Children's Conduct Problems
- Neighborhood Effects on Children's Achievement: A Review of Recent Research
- Children Living in Rural Poverty: The Role of Chaos in Early Development
- Homelessness and Child Outcomes
- Poverty and Possibility in the Lives of American Indian and Alaska Native Children
- Poverty, the Development of Effortful Control, and Children's Academic, Social, and Emotional Adjustment
- Preventive Interventions: Parenting and the Home Environment
- Interventions for Low-Income Families: Sesame Workshop's Educational Outreach and the Healthy Habits for Life Initiative
- Translating Longitudinal, Developmental Research With Rural African American Families Into Prevention Programs for Rural African American Youth
- Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: Effects on Growth, Health, and Development in Young Children
- Children in Global Adversity: Physical, Mental, Behavioral, and Symbolic Dimensions of Health
- Addressing the Consequences of Concentrated Adversity on Child and Adolescent Mental Health
- Everyday Distress: Psychosocial and Economic Impact of Forced Migration on Children and Families
- Cross-Cultural and Cross-National Parenting Perspectives
- Humanitarian Crises in Low-Resource Settings: Evidence-Based Mental Health and Psychosocial Interventions for Children
- Future Directions in Research on Children and Poverty
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the relations between childhood adversity and autonomic nervous system measures. It begins with a discussion on poverty and adverse experiences early in life and then reviews autonomic nervous system (ANS) measures of children's basal and stress responses, the history of the ANS field, and ANS methodological developments. Two important theories about ANS are discussed: (1) biological embedding and how early experiences can fundamentally alter ANS regulation, and (2) biological sensitivity to context, which explains how children's psychobiological responses differ based on the child's exposure to adversity. Lastly, there is a summary of studies of early childhood on ANS as a mediator or moderator of the relations between poverty-related adverse conditions and mental or physical health. This chapter concludes with a discussion of future directions to address methodological gaps in the literature examining associations among poverty-related stress and adversity, ANS dysregulation, and physical and mental health outcomes.
Abbey Alkon, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco.
Brian Wolff, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver.
W. Thomas Boyce, College for Interdisciplinary Studies and Faculty of Medicine School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia.
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