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date: 17 August 2019

(p. 531) Index

(p. 531) Index

Figures and notes are indicated by f and n following the page number.

Aaron, Hank, 461
Abadie, Ann, 312
Abdur-Rahman, Aliyyah I., 145–146
Abolition, 116, 118, 127, 128, 139, 143, 154, 222, 423, 428
Absalom, Absalom! (Faulkner), 8, 12, 147, 255–266, 313, 414, 424, 425, 456, 459, 476, 483, 517
“Acceptance Speech” (Powell), 375
“Accident” (Rash), 443
Accilien, Cécile, 521
Accommodation, 387
Acculturation, 460, 495, 497
Achebe, Chinua, 89
Acklen, Joseph, 126
Activism, 234, 239, 240, 402, 518
Adair, James, 31n3
Adams, Jessica, 489, 521
Addison, Joseph, 182
The Adventures of Captain Simon Suggs (Hooper), 111
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Twain), 78, 95–96
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (Twain), 95–96, 198
Aesthetics, 110, 163, 240, 279–281, 284, 291, 364, 366, 469
Affect, 5, 161–179
Affection, 144, 149, 151, 154, 265
“Affect Is the New Trauma” (Berlant), 163
Affective Mapping: Melancholia and the Politics of Modernism (Flatley), 413
“Affirmation of Faith” (Albergotti), 449–451
African American literature, 232, 246, 458, 508
African Americans. See also headings starting with “Black”
agency of, 329
Agrarianism and, 7
Asian Americans and, 494–496, 498, 499, 510
black speech and, 220, 222, 225
British imperialism and, 197, 205
Civil Rights Movement and, 465
culture, 41, 384, 498
displacement after Hurricane Katrina, 475
fingerprinting and, 203
Greensboro Four sit-in, 464
heroes of, 461
interracial family histories, 10, 399–410
optimism and, 6, 231–246
as steamboat crew members, 185
Wilmington race riots (1898), 212, 215
woundedness and, 516, 518, 528
African American writers, 7, 9, 197, 242, 400, 401, 521
African Folktales in the New World (Bascom), 90
Africanization, 170
“After Dad Shot Jesus” (López), 467
Afterlife, 369, 373, 374, 417
“Afterwards, Far from the Church” (Byer), 373
Agar, Herbert, 273
L’Age d’Or (Buñuel), 292
Agee, James, 7, 8, 290–292, 294, 297, 298–299, 301, 302–303, 304n2
Agency
in antebellum period, 83
black, 329
freedom and, 143, 329, 332, 337, 340
in modernist period, 329, 332, 340 (p. 532)
in postbellum period, 202
in postmodernist period, 462
Agrarianism, 7–8, 104, 256, 270–277, 280–283, 285, 287n4, 351, 358
“Agreement to Kill [or Sell] Mothers,” 92–93
Ahmed, Sara, 165, 234–235
Ainsworth, William Harrison, 68
Albergotti, Dan, 11, 437, 449–451, 452n10
Alcoff, Linda Martín, 49n11
Alcott, Amos Bronson, 424, 429, 431n13
Alcott, Louisa May, 11, 422, 429, 431n8
Alexander, John, 64–65
Alexie, Sherman, 78–79, 91, 96
Allen, Mary Rice Hayes, 401–403
Allewaert, Monique, 81, 192–193n4
“All Hallows Eve” (Byer), 373
Allison, Dorothy, 9, 10, 311, 313, 325, 379, 383, 389–390, 393–395, 517–518
Allred, Jeff, 291, 298
All Saints: New and Selected Poems (Osbey), 438–439, 451n4
Allyson, June, 431n8
Along This Way (Johnson), 82
Alston, Macky, 401
Amende, Kathaleen, 310, 311, 313, 318
American Anti-Slavery Society, 116
American Chiaroscuro (Jordan), 39, 47
American Empire (Remini), 83
American Exodus: A Record of Human Erosion (Lange and Taylor), 297–298
American Freedom (Remini), 81
American Horror Story: Coven, 132
American Photographs (Evans), 297, 299
American poetry. See also specific poets and titles of works
antebellum period, 38, 71, 98
modernist period, 7, 275, 281, 284, 285, 300, 353
postbellum period, 184, 224, 237, 239–241
postmodernist period, 10, 11, 363–367, 369–373, 375, 376, 403, 408, 434, 435, 437, 439, 441, 443, 445–447, 449, 459, 469, 481, 521
“American Rendering” (Hudgins), 87–88
American Slavery as It Is (Weld), 116, 124
Ames, Elizabeth, 351
Analogical transfer, 38, 39, 49, 49n8
The Analysis of Beauty (Hogarth), 193n8
Anatomy (Berlant), 162
Anderson, Ben, 238
Anderson, Benedict, 107
Anderson, Eric Gary, 3–4, 17
Anderson, Sherwood, 351
Andrews, Raymond, 328, 329, 335–336, 340, 340n2
Andrews, William, 3
Angelou, Maya, 97
Anger, 207, 208, 221, 237, 240, 241, 243, 245, 338, 349, 394, 401–403, 428, 527
An Angle of Vision: Women Writers on Their Poor and Working-Class Roots (Lopez, ed.), 455, 461
Angoff, Charles, 381
Animal husbandry, 4, 35, 37, 39–41
Anne of Geierstein (Scott), 70
Antebellum America, 116, 140
Antebellum literature, 17–158
agency in, 83
blackness in, 33, 36, 41, 47, 49, 152
Caribbean in, 17, 86
Civil War and, 69, 80, 82, 127, 128
documentary in, 31, 116
ghosting in, 94, 130–131, 189
grace in, 55, 65, 97
highwaymen and outlaws, 4, 55–77
homoeroticism in, 5, 140, 141, 144–151, 154
homosexuality in, 5, 139, 140, 145, 149, 154
idealization of, 128, 212
ideology in, 91
immigrants in, 99n1
Jax-space, 78–103
landscape in, 5, 19, 20, 37, 87
locality, 104–114
love in, 26, 93, 142–149, 151–153
masculinity, 141–144
memory in, 3, 86, 93, 127, 128
modernity in, 47
mourning in, 11, 413–433
Native literary and textual histories, 17–32
nature in, 36–38, 57, 59, 63, 68, 105, 125, 128, 145, 146 (p. 533)
nature of truth in, 216
poetry, 38, 71, 98
race in, 36, 38, 42, 48, 49, 150, 152
racial fetishism, 150–154
religion in, 64, 145
series in, 4–5, 41, 60, 82, 104–111, 129, 132
shame in, 84–86, 91–93
slavery in, 4, 5, 82, 83, 119–141, 145, 146, 150, 152–154, 488
southern culture in, 4, 32, 56, 60, 104, 140, 141, 147, 152
suffering in, 117–120, 124, 126
torture, 115–138
truth in, 28, 67, 117, 119, 153
violence in, 4, 5, 57, 60, 62, 79, 80, 87, 89, 90, 93, 97, 117–119, 123–125, 127, 130, 144, 145
whiteness in, 4, 33–36, 41–43, 46–49, 93, 151, 152
whitening equations, 33–54
white supremacy in, 82, 89, 90
women in, 88, 89, 125, 139, 140, 146, 149, 150, 154
Antebellum South, 17–158
highwaymen and outlaws, 4, 55–77
homoeroticism, 144–150
idealization of, 128, 212
Jax-space, 78–103
locality, 104–114
masculinity, 141–144
mourning in, 11, 413–433
Native literary and textual histories, 17–32
nature of truth in, 216
racial fetishism, 150–154
slavery in, 488
torture, 115–138
whitening equations, 33–54
“The Antichrist in Arkansas” (Hummer), 434
“Apologia Pro Vita Sua” (Wright), 371
The Apostle (film), 381
Appalachee Red (Andrews), 332–336, 339, 340, 340n2, 341n7
Appalachia (Wright), 452n8
“The Appalachian Book of the Dead” (Wright), 447
Appalachian Elegy (hooks), 436
Appalachian literature, 363–378
Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World (Walker), 116
Apples and Ashes: Literature, Nationalism, and the Confederate States of America (Hutchinson), 325
“April” (Byer), 373
Arch, Davey, 28
Aristotle, 38
Armstrong, Louis, 4, 78, 79, 91, 96, 99
Arnold, Matthew, 413, 414
“Art and the Human Economy” (Ransom), 280
“The Artificial Nigger” (O’Connor), 346
“Art for What’s Sake” (Agee), 297
Ashbery, John, 365
Asian American literature, 493–513
Asian Americans
black/white binary and, 457
immigrants, 479–481, 485
racial latency and, 12, 493–513
An Asian Anthropologist in the South (Kim), 489n4
As I Lay Dying (Faulkner), 259
Assimilation, 49n11, 235, 284, 420, 460
Atran, Scott, 37–38, 49n8
An Authenticated History of the Bell Witch (Ingram), 91–92, 95
Authenticity, 6, 26, 57, 120, 214, 215, 519
Autobiography. See also specific autobiographies by title
idealization of antebellum period in, 128
interracial family histories and, 410, 411n9
letter-writing and, 345, 350, 354, 357, 358
memory and, 345
optimism and, 235
southern culture and, 2
The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man (Johnson), 84, 98
The Autobiography of Mark Twain (Twain), 207, 210n14
Ayers, Edward L., 3, 431n12
Baby Sweets (Andrews), 340n2, 341n7
“A Bad Memory Makes You a Metaphysician, A Good One Makes You a Saint” (Wright), 447 (p. 534)
Báez, Brother, 454
Bagchi, Amitabha, 497
Bak, John, 314, 321
Baker, David, 446
Baker, Houston A., Jr., 169, 445, 477, 488, 521
Bakker, Jim, 382
Bakker, Tammy Faye, 382
Balaev, Michelle, 519
Baldwin, James, 47, 50n16, 327, 328, 347, 351
Ball, Edward, 401
“The Ballad of Jed Clampett” (Henning), 104, 106
Band of Angels (Warren), 478
Band of Angels (Williams), 320
Banks, Joseph, 181, 192n2
Banks, Russell, 488, 489
Bannet, Eve Tavor, 345–346
Bard, Samuel, 37, 42
Barnes, Brooks, 518
Barnett, Ross, 519
Barthes, Roland, 299
Bartram, John, 6, 99n1, 180–182
Bartram, William, 6, 180–183, 189, 193n5, 366
Bascom, William, 90–91
Bass, Bob, 183
Bastard out of Carolina (Allison), 313, 383, 389–394, 517–518
Bataille, Georges, 292–293, 295–299, 301
Bates, Kathy, 132
“The Battle of Nashville” (Falconer), 470–471
Bauer, Ralph, 49n7
Baxter, John, 292, 293
Bayley, Isabel, 344, 350, 352
“The Bear” (Faulkner), 259, 525
Beard, Charles A., 353
Beaumont, A. J., 404, 406, 407
Beccaria, Cesare, 117
Beckwith, Byron de la, 526, 527
Beetham, Margaret, 106–107
The Beggar’s Opera (Gay), 58, 59
Begin, Paul, 294
“Being Happy” (Anonymous), 237
Bell, Betty Louise, 25–26
Bellocq’s Ophelia (Trethewey), 451n1
Beloved (Morrison), 517, 523, 524
Below the Belt (Wilson), 382
Benjamin, Walter, 254
Bennett, Claudette, 48
Bennett, Jane, 439, 449
Benson, Berry Greenwood, 60
Benson, Melanie, 509–510
Bentley, Nancy, 247n14
Berlant, Lauren, 162, 238, 247n6, 298
Berry, Brian J. L., 437
Berry, Wendell, 365
Bettelheim, Bruno, 502
Better Off Without ’Em: A Northern Manifesto for Southern Secession (Thompson), 431n11
Beuckelaer, Joachim, 375
The Beverly Hillbillies (television show), 4–5, 104–106, 108–110, 163
Beyond Katrina: A Meditation on the Mississippi Gulf Coast (Trethewey), 451n1
“Beyond the Peacock: The Reconstruction of Flannery O’Connor” (Walker), 520
Bhabha, Homi, 509, 510
Bibler, Michael P., 5, 139, 310–313, 319, 488, 521
The Big Bear of Arkansas and Other Sketches, Illustrative of Characters and Incidents in the South and South-West (Porter, ed.), 111
“Big Boy Leaves Home” (Wright), 339
Bill, Ledyard, 188
Bird, Solomon, 28
Birth of a Nation (Griffith), 228
Bitter in the Mouth (Truong), 12, 495, 496, 505–508, 510
Black agency, 329
Black Bess; or, The Knight of the Road (Viles), 69
Black Boy (Wright), 97, 313, 327, 381
Black community, 245, 327–330, 332–334, 338, 387, 403–406, 518
Black experience, 327, 328
Black male writers, 141, 328, 340, 340n2. See also specific authors
Blackness
in antebellum period, 33, 36, 41, 47, 49, 152
in postbellum period, 200, 218, 223, 244
in postmodernist period, 387, 405, 407, 408, 508
Black Power Movement, 328, 335
Black Shawl (Byer), 373
Black speech, 220, 222, 225 (p. 535)
Black/white binary, 2, 11, 457, 459, 460, 462, 465, 476, 493, 510
Black women writers, 9, 141, 328, 340n2. See also specific authors
Black Zodiac (Wright), 452n8
Blanco, María del Pilar, 458–459
Blanqueamiento, 33, 37, 40, 41, 43, 49n11. See also Whitening
Blind (Strand), 299
Blinder, Caroline, 294
Bloodfire (Chappell), 365
Blood Run (Hedge Coke), 452n7
Blue Rage, Black Redemption: A Memoir (Williams), 342n15
The Boatloads (Albergotti), 452n10
Bolden, Buddy, 96, 98, 99
Bond, Daniel, 235
Bond, Scott, 235
Bond, Theo, 235
Bone, Martyn, 12, 473, 475, 476, 486
Bontemps, Arna, 310
Book of American Negro Spirituals (Johnson & Johnson, eds.), 84
Booth, John Wilkes, 59
Borrow, George Henry, 66
Boucicault, Dion, 196
Bourke-White, Margaret, 8, 298
Bourne, Louis, 369
Bouson, J. Brooks, 396n12
Bow, Leslie, 12, 474, 476, 478, 480, 493, 494
Bowe, John, 488
Bowles, William, 37, 42
Bradley, David, 340
Brahms, Johannes, 294
Brantley, Will, 9, 344
Brayer, Jack, 509
Breeding, 36, 39–40, 42, 49n10
“A Bright Side of a Dark Subject” (Terrell), 231
The Bright Side of Memphis (Hamilton), 236
Brinkmeyer, Robert, Jr., 8, 270, 303
Brite, Poppy Z., 320
Brockway, George, 353
Brodber, Erna, 259
Brodhead, Richard, 166
Brogan, Kathleen, 458
Brokaw, Tom, 400
Brooke, Henry K., 68
Brooks, Cleanth, 256, 260, 261, 271
Brooks, Geraldine, 11, 419, 421–425, 427–429, 431n10
Brown, Bill, 500
Brown, Sterling, 403
Brown, William Wells, 169, 236
Browne, Thomas, 38
“Brownian Motion” (Morgan), 369
Broyard, Anatole, 411n8
Broyard, Bliss, 411n8
Brundage, W. Fitzhugh, 5, 115
Bryson, J. Scott, 365
Bub, Heidi, 495, 499, 500–503, 501f , 504, 507, 510–511
Bucolics (Manning), 364
Buell, Lawrence, 363, 364, 366–368, 376
Buffalo Yoga (Wright), 452n8
Built environment, 444
Bulwer-Lytton, Edward, 67, 68
Buñuel, Luis, 8, 291–297, 299, 301, 304nn4–5
Burke, Edmund, 181–183, 188
Burning Bright (Rash), 452n6
Burns, Ken, 416
Burrows, John, 235
Butler, Robert Olen, 320, 482–484, 489
But Now I See: The White Southern Racial Conversion Narrative (Hobson), 529n10
Bye-and-Bye (Wright), 370, 371
Byer, Kathryn Stripling, 10, 364–365, 372–374, 376
Byron, Lord, 59, 72n22
Caballero, Alex, 475
Cabell, James Branch, 185, 313
Cable, George Washington, 5, 129–131, 167–169, 171
Cage, Nicholas, 132
Caillois, Roger, 304n10
Caison, Gina M., 100n12
Caldwell, Erskine, 8, 291, 298, 299, 381
Caleb’s Crossing (Brooks), 431n10
Calhoun, John, 196
Callahan, John F., 338, 342n12
“The Calling” (Powell), 374
Call Me Henri (López), 466
Calloway, Colin, 17 (p. 536)
“Calypso Magnolia: The Caribbean Side of the South” (Lowe), 256
Camfield, Gregg, 206
Camino Real (Williams), 316
Campbell, Jack, 409
Campbell, Will, 408
Camus, Albert, 180
Candles to the Sun (Williams), 320
Cane (Toomer), 7
Canonical writers, 9, 340
Can’t Quit You, Baby (Douglas), 518
Cao, Lan, 12, 483–485, 527
Capote, Truman, 9, 321–322, 325, 349
Carew, Jan, 80–81
Carey, Mariah, 399
Carey, Mathew, 60
Caribbean
in antebellum literature, 17, 86
culture, 2, 10, 17, 49n11
indigenous people in, 31n1
in modernist literature, 256–257, 259, 265, 320
in postbellum literature, 189–190
in postmodernist literature, 438, 470, 474, 475, 488, 516, 524–525
Carolina Ghost Woods (Jordan), 436
“Carolina in My Mind” (song), 6
Carson, Samuel, 236
Carter, Jimmy, 437
Cartwright, Keith, 4, 78, 88
Cartwright, Peter, 63
Caruth, Cathy, 516, 521
Cash, Erin Campbell, 484
Cash, W. J., 7, 8, 164, 169, 270, 276–277, 281–282, 285, 288n9
Caste and Class in a Southern Town (Dollard), 209n4
Castellanos, Henry, 128
Catching Light (Byer), 373
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (Williams), 316, 319–321
Cavendish, William, 4, 40–43
Celebrated Trials (Borrow, ed.), 66
The Celestial Jukebox (Shearer), 486–489
Céline, Louis-Ferdinand, 290
Ceremony for Minneconjoux (Osbey), 451n4
Cereus Blooms at Night (Mootoo), 13, 522, 524–528
Certeau, Michel de, 451n5
Cha, Frank, 478, 479, 484, 489
Cha, Theresa, 511n7
Chamberlain, Neville, 282
Champney, J. Wells, 186–187f
Chandler, Aaron, 304n6
Chaplin, Thomas B., 122
Chapman, Mary, 140
Chappell, Fred, 10, 11, 364–367, 369, 371–376, 436
Character Building (Washington), 233
Chekelelee, Edna, 29–30
Cheney, Brainard, 348
Cheney, Frances, 348
Chesnut, Mary, 196, 425, 432n14
Chesnutt, Charles, 6, 104, 212–216, 218, 223–228, 229n12, 242, 243
Chickamauga (Wright), 452n8
Un Chien Andalou (Buñuel), 292
Chion, Michel, 295
Chita: A Memory of Last Island (Hearn), 320
“The Chivalry of Crime” (Edwards), 71
Choi, Susan, 12, 477, 481, 484, 485, 489, 494, 507
Christ, Carol, 373
A Christmas Carol (Dickens), 386
Churchill, Winston, 197, 279
Circum-Caribbean zone, 190
Civil Rights Movement
anti-protest writing and, 328
Asian Americans and, 478
black community and, 334
consensus memory and, 518
direct-action activism in, 197
Greensboro Four sit-ins, 464
interracial family histories and, 399, 400, 407
male agency and, 335, 336, 341n10
social change resulting from, 333
social justice and, 461, 462
woundedness and, 520, 528
Civil War
antebellum literature and, 69, 80, 82, 127, 128
modernist literature and, 258, 271, 272, 276, 278, 279
postbellum literature and, 165, 167, 182, 183, 214, 217, 240
postmodernist literature and, 400, 401, 403, 409, 416, 417, 419, 422–424, 427–429, 434, 441, 470, 482–484
(p. 537)
The Civil War (Burns), 416
Clapp, Theodore, 127
Clark, Keith, 336, 339, 342n15
Claxton, Mae Miller, 394
Cleage, Pearl, 324
Clemens, Olivia, 207
Cleveland, Grover, 183
Clinton, Bill, 500
Clock without Hands (McCullers), 348
Clothes for a Summer Hotel (Williams), 320
Clum, John, 314, 316
Clymer, Jeffory, 153
Coates, Robert M., 56
Cobb, James, 487
Cochran, Augustus B., 458
Cocteau, Jean, 300
Coe, David Allen, 173
Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science (Atran), 37–38
Cohen, Adam, 493
Cohen, Felix, 96–97
Cohen, Matt, 21, 24
Cohn, Deborah, 256, 495, 503, 516
Cole, Thomas, 189
Coleman, James W., 9, 327
The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter, 349
Colonel Jack (Defoe), 58
Colonialism, 416, 525, 527, 528. See also Empire
“Color etiópico” (Feijoo), 38
Colt, George Howe, 464–465
Columbus, Christopher, 17
Colvin, Claudette, 518
Coming of Age in Mississippi (Moody), 518
Coming to Rest (Byer), 373–374
The Common Man (Manning), 364
Communism, 275, 276, 285, 287, 350, 351, 382, 478
Communists, Cowboys, and Queers: The Politics of Masculinity in the Work of Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams (Savran), 321
“The Confederate South, 1865–1910: A Study in the Survival of a Mind and a Culture” (Weaver), 271, 277
Conley, Robert J., 25, 26
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (Twain), 206
Consensus memory, 518, 519
Consumer capitalism, 446
Contending Forces (Hopkins), 243
Continental Drift (Banks), 488
“Convection” (Morgan), 369
Conversations (Welty), 527
Converse, Dexter Edgar, 441
Cook, Raymond Allen, 218
Cooke, John Esten, 70
Cooper, Anna Julia, 169, 197, 205, 238–239, 242, 247n12
Cooper, James Fenimore, 73n40, 189
Cornett, Sheryl, 367
“Cornwalking” (Byer), 372
Corporal punishment, 5, 117–119, 126–127
Costello, Bonnie, 371, 446
Cotton culture, 81
Cotton’s Queer Relations: Same-Sex Intimacy and the Literature of the Southern Plantation, 1936–1968 (Bibler), 310–311, 313, 319
Country Music (Wright), 371, 452n8
Courtlander, Harold, 410n1
Courts, 46, 48, 121–124, 221
Coviello, Peter, 156n20
Cox, William, 55, 67–68
Cram, Mildred, 131
Crank, James Andrew, 303
Creech, Sara Lee, 357
Creek Country (Ethridge), 20
Creole America (Goudie), 438
“Crickets” (Butler), 484–485
Crime and punishment, 55–77
highwaymen and outlaws, 4, 55–77
photography and, 462, 463
plantation justice and, 123
Reconstruction and, 105
ruling ideology and, 91
Critical Race Theory, 48, 48n2
Critical Reflections on Poetry, Painting, and Music (Du Bos), 38
Crockett, Davy, 88
“The Crown on Prince” (López), 466–468
Cruel Optimism (Berlant), 238 (p. 538)
Cruz, Nilo, 324
Cuban American, 462
Culclasure, Scott P., 62
Cullen, Countee, 355
Cultural Haunting: Ghosts and Ethnicity in Recent American Literature (Brogan), 458
Culture. See also Southern culture
Caribbean, 2, 10, 17, 49n11
cotton culture, 81
dominant, 457, 462, 468
of Europe, 272
periodical, 4, 106, 107, 110
popular, 2, 5, 57, 379, 381–384, 390, 391, 400
Curtis, James C., 300
Cvetkovich, Ann, 396n12
Dafoe, Willem, 419
Dalí, Salvador, 292
The Damnation of Theron Ware (Frederic), 380
Dana, Richard Henry, 119
Daniell, Rosemary, 311
Dante, 366, 369–370
Dao, Vy Thuc, 482
Darwin, Charles, 193n5
Daubenton, M., 42
“Daughter” (Byer), 372
Daughter from Danang (Dolgin & Franco), 12, 495–496, 499–503, 501f , 504, 505, 510
Davé, Shilpa, 511n2
Davidson, Donald, 8, 271, 281–282, 288n13, 434
Davis, F. James, 47
Davis, Hugh, 290, 291, 297, 301, 303, 305n24
Davis, Jefferson, 272
Davis, Thadious M., 232, 438, 521
Davis, Thulani, 400, 401, 403, 407–410
Dawkins, Cecil, 348
Days of Awe (Obejas), 462
Dead Hands: Fictions of Agency, Renaissance to Modern (Thomas), 209n6
De Bankolé, Isaach, 419
Deberry, Jarvis, 411n10
De Chirico, Giorgio, 300
Defending Mother Earth: Native American Perspectives on Environmental Justice (Weaver, ed.), 96
Def Leppard, 173
Defoe, Daniel, 58, 67
Degeneration, 40–43, 129
DeGuzmán, María, 11–12, 454
Delany, Martin, 236
Deleuze, Gilles, 247n8
Delgado, Richard, 49n5
The Delta (film), 509
“Delta Autumn” (Faulkner), 81, 87, 525
Democracy
colonialism and, 419
justice and, 285
poetry and, 279, 280
protest writing and, 328
racial, 79, 82, 84, 286, 287
Denham, Robert, 371
DePasquale, Paul W., 21
Derr, Mark, 185, 192
Derrida, Jacques, 456, 457
Descent (Byer), 373, 374
“Desire and the Black Masseur” (Williams), 316, 325
Desire and the Divine: Feminine Identity in White Southern Women’s Writing (Amende), 310, 313, 318
de Soto, Hernando, 88, 454
Desperate Circumstance, Dangerous Women (Osbey), 451n4
“Dew” (Morgan), 368
The Dialect of Modernism (North), 214
Dickens, Charles, 108, 147, 150, 386, 388
Dickerson, P. A., 236
Dickey, James, 436
Dickinson, Emily, 373, 376
Dickson, D. Bruce, Jr., 216
Dignity, 317, 334
Dirt and Desire (Yaeger), 87
Disability, 496, 506–508, 510
Disgrace, 128, 226
“Disjecta Membra” (Wright), 448
Disney, Walt, 85
Displaced in the New South (film), 509
“The Displaced Person” (O’Connor), 474
“Dixie,” 6, 162
Dixon, Thomas, 6, 167, 212, 213, 215–224, 226
Doane, Mary Ann, 295, 296
Doctorow, E. L., 432n16 (p. 539)
Documentary
antebellum period, 31, 116
modernist period, 8, 290–302, 345
postmodernist period, 12, 390, 401, 416, 495, 497, 499–501, 510
Documents (Bataille), 293, 297
“Doe killed by hunter, becomes his wife” (Creek tale), 86–87
Dog Road Woman (Hedge Coke), 452n7
Dogville (von Trier), 419
Dolgin, Gail, 12, 495, 499, 500, 511n6
Dollard, John, 209n4
Domestic Work (Trethewey), 451n1
Donaldson, Susan, 216, 312
Don Juan (Byron), 72n22
Donne, John, 366
Doppelgängers, 383–389
Dorr, Gregory Michael, 48
Douglas, Ellen, 518
Douglass, Frederick, 5, 143–144, 318, 324, 426, 517, 523
Dow, Lorenzo, 63
“Down by the Riverside” (Wright), 339
“Dreading Spring” (Powell), 376
“The Dream of Injun Joe” (Forbes), 96
“The Dreams and Its Killers” (Smith), 286
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (Stevenson), 128
“Drought” (Rash), 443
Du Bois, W. E. B., 197, 236–237, 357, 417, 486
Du Bos, Jean-Baptiste, 38
Duck, Leigh Anne, 8, 169, 171–173, 290, 303, 379, 451n3
Dugan, Joyce Conseen, 27
du Maurier, Daphne, 418
“The Dummy in the Window” (Walker), 85
Duncan, Barbara, 27
Durden, Robert F., 177n3
Durell, Edward Henry, 68
Dust Tracks on a Road (Hurston), 345, 357
Duval, Claude, 58, 60, 62, 71
DuVal, Kathleen, 20–21
Duval, William, 83
The Dying Confession of Joseph Hare (Hare), 55–66
Earle, Alice Morse, 72n7
Earthsleep (Chappell), 365
East Alabamian, 111
East Angels (Woolson), 189
Ecocriticism, 2
Edwards, John Newman, 71
Eelman, Bruce, 441
Eggers, Dave, 486, 488, 489
Ehrenreich, Barbara, 241
Eisenhower, Dwight, 316
Eklund, Douglas, 299, 301
Elder, John, 365–367
Elective affinity, 141, 146–153, 155n15
Éliade, Mircea, 87
Eliot, T. S., 353, 366
Ellison, Ralph, 9, 13, 327–329, 495, 499, 526
Elmer Gantry (Lewis), 380
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 26, 366–368, 414, 427–428
Empire, 6, 84, 91, 197, 202, 205, 206, 422, 456. See also Colonialism
Encyclopedia of Religion in the South (Hill), 395n1
Engels, Friedrich, 294
The Enigma of Suicide (Colt), 464–465
Environment, 38, 57, 63, 294, 302, 366, 436–438, 444, 448
The Environmental Imagination (Buell), 363, 364, 366–367
“The Erotic South” (Walters), 380
An Essay upon the Causes of the Different Colours of People in Different Climates (Mitchell), 38–39
“The Ethics of Living Jim Crow” (Wright), 313
“Ethnogenesis” (Timrod), 161, 162
Ethridge, Robbie, 19, 20
“Eureka” (Rash), 441–442
Eureka Mill (Rash), 441, 444
Europe
Aristotelian thought in, 38
culture of, 272, 291
fascism in, 278
highwaymen in, 56, 57
modernity and, 277
southern identity and, 271
southern thought’s interaction with, 8, 10
World War I and, 257, 258, 273
Evans, Augusta Jane, 5, 144–145, 149
Evans, Walker, 290, 292, 297–301, 304n2 (p. 540)
“Eve at the Louvre” (Powell), 375
Evers, Medgar, 518, 520, 526, 527
Evers-Williams, Myrlie, 518
“Everybody’s Protest Novel” (Baldwin), 327
Everything That Rises Must Converge (O’Connor), 346
Evolutionary theory, 193n5
Exceptionalism, 177n2
Exquisite Corpse (Brite), 320
“Extremity” (Byer), 373
Faces in the Moon (Bell), 25–26
Factories, 11, 278, 427, 432n15, 437, 441, 444, 445, 487
Falconer, Blas, 12, 458, 459, 469, 470–471
Falwell, Jerry, 382–384, 386, 395
Family histories, 400, 401, 404, 408, 410, 436
Family Name (Alston), 401
“Fancy Etchings” (Harper), 239–240
Fantasies
modernist period, 303, 351
postbellum period, 163, 166, 169, 208, 245
postmodernist period, 390, 391, 393, 399, 418–420, 424–428
Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism (exhibit), 297
Farmer, James, 197
Fascism, 270, 273–276, 278, 279, 286, 287
Faulkner, William, 2, 7–10, 13, 47, 56, 81, 86, 87, 89–90, 93, 147, 162, 169, 253, 266n2, 310, 313, 324, 325, 345, 381, 414, 456, 459, 474, 476–478, 481–484, 517, 521, 523, 527, 528
Faulkner’s Sexualities (Trefzer and Abadie), 312
Feijoo, Benito Jerónimo, 38, 39
Felman, Shoshana, 400
Feminism, 2, 310, 329
Feral (McAdams), 26
“Fern Glade” (Morgan), 367–368
Fetish, 420, 509. See also Racial fetishism
Fiedler, Leslie, 312, 381
Fiering, Norman, 118
Film and filmmakers, 105, 228, 291, 292, 294–297, 303, 418, 419, 421, 495–504, 509, 510. See also specific titles
Fingerprinting, 198, 201–203, 209n6
Fingerprints (Galton), 201–202
Finseth, Ian, 223
“First Class Back to the Summer of Love” (Ortiz Cofer), 461–462
“First Job: The Southern Sweets Sandwich Shop and Bakery” (Ortiz Cofer), 460–461
Fitzgerald, Sally, 344, 346
Flags in the Dust (Faulkner), 257–259
Flaherty, Jordan, 475
Flatley, Jonathan, 247n15, 413, 414, 416, 422, 423
Flatt, Lester, 106
Florida: Its Scenery, Climate, and History (Lanier), 186–188
Florida: The Land of Enchantment (Winter), 191–192
Flowering Judas and Other Stories (Porter), 352
Fluck, Winfried, 300
Folkbiology, 4, 37, 38
Folklore, 93, 214, 291, 355
Following the Equator (Twain), 6, 197, 198, 200, 201, 204–209
Foote, Horton, 324
“For Andy Goodman, Michael Schwerner, and James Chaney” (Walker), 520–521
Forbes, Jack D., 39, 96
Ford, Gerald, 499
Foreign Correspondence (Brooks), 431n10
The Foreign Student (Choi), 477–478, 484, 485, 489, 494, 507
Foreman, Gabrielle, 246
“Forever Mountain” (Chappell), 373
“For Malcolm X” (Walker), 520
Forman, P. Gabrielle, 143–144
“Formless”/“Informe“ (Bataille), 293
Forrest, Edwin, 59
Forrest, Nathan Bedford, 70
Forster, E. M., 313, 351
The Fortunes of Nigel (Scott), 58
For Us, the Living (Evers-Moody), 518
Foster, Frances Smith, 239–241
Foster, Stephen, 83
Fothergill, John, 181
Four Quartets (Eliot), 366
Franco, Vincente, 12, 495, 499, 500, 511n6
Frederic, Harold, 380
“Free Bird” (Lynyrd Skynyrd), 97
“The Freedman’s Case in Equity” (Cable), 168 (p. 541)
Freedom
of black community, 330, 335
civil rights and, 245, 333
Communism and, 287
democracy and, 93, 279
discourse of, 421
in Jax-space, 93, 94
male agency and, 143, 329, 332, 337, 340
in plantation fiction, 214
power and, 334
racial fetishism and, 152
as universal human desire, 331
upward mobility and, 83
whiteness synonymous with, 36, 48
Freedom’s Child: The Life of a Confederate General’s Black Daughter (McCray), 400, 402, 403
A Free Life (Jin), 479, 480–482, 489
Freud, Sigmund, 290, 345, 414, 503
Friedel, Tania, 391, 396n12
Friedman, Daniel, 12, 495, 496
Friend, Craig Thompson, 139, 140
Friends of Thunder: Folktales of the Oklahoma Cherokee (Kilpatrick & Kilpatrick), 95
From Slavery to Wealth: The Life of Scott Bond, the Rewards of Honesty, Industry, Economy and Perseverance (Bond & Bond), 235
Frost, Robert, 10, 364, 365
Fugitive Kind (Williams), 320
Fugitives, 221, 434, 435
Fulton, Robert, 183
“Funky Butt Blues” (Bolden), 96
Furneaux, Holly, 147–148
Furniture in the Valley (Chirico), 300
Furuseth, Owen, 455, 457
“Future Tense” (Wright), 372
Gable, Mariella, 347
Gaia and God (Ruether), 372
Gaines, Ernest J., 310, 328, 329, 335, 336, 339, 340, 341nn10–11, 524, 528
Gaines, Kevin K., 233
“The Gain from a Belief” (Cooper), 238–239, 242
Galton, Francis, 201–203
Garbarino, Merwyn S., 82
Garcia, Cristina, 13, 522, 523, 527, 528
Garrison, William Lloyd, 116, 120–122, 124–126, 130
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., 233, 332, 341n6, 389
A Gathering of Old Men (Gaines), 336–339
Gatti, John, 365, 369, 371
Gaudet, Marcia, 328, 339
Gay, John, 58, 59
Gay and lesbian studies, 1. See also Homosexuality; Queerness
Gebhard, Caroline, 155n8
Gelman, Susan, 49n8
Gender. See also Women
colonialism and, 419
homoeroticism and, 146, 150, 311–313, 315, 318
interracial family histories and, 402
masculinity and, 140–141
New Critics and, 7, 256
New Southern Studies and, 477
norms, 61, 91, 321, 508
popular culture representations of, 383, 384
queer studies and, 2
social justice and, 381
stereotypes, 463
A General History of the Lives and Adventures of the Most Famous Highwaymen (Johnson), 58
Gentlemen Callers: Tennessee Williams, Homosexuality, and Mid-Twentieth- Century Broadway Drama (Paller), 314, 321
Geographic fantasy, 163, 166, 177n3, 423
“Georgia Scenes” (Longstreet), 108
Ghosting
antebellum period, 94, 130–131, 189
postmodernist period, 11, 12, 373, 386, 416, 437, 439, 456–460, 462, 464–470, 483
Ghostly Matters (Gordon), 467
Ghost-Watching American Modernity: Haunting, Landscape, and the Hemispheric Imagination (Blanco), 458–459
Giddings, Paula, 247n1
Gide, André, 290–291, 347
The Gifted Gabaldón Sisters (López), 466, 467
Gillman, Susan, 204, 210n15, 213, 229n10 (p. 542)
Gilmor, Harry, 4, 69
Gilroy, Paul, 411n9, 414–417, 419, 421–423, 426, 428
The Girl in the Midst of the Harvest (Byer), 372
Giroux, Henry, 238
Givner, Joan, 350
Gladney, Margaret Rose, 313, 344, 352–355
Glasgow, Ellen, 345
The Glass Menagerie (Williams), 318–321, 325
Glissant, Édouard, 87, 189
Global American South, 17, 177n2, 204, 417, 470, 477, 489
“Global Contexts, Local Literatures: The New Southern Studies” (McKee & Trefzer, eds.), 477
Globalization, 2, 13, 477, 482, 488, 489, 495, 496, 500
Glover, Danny, 420
Glover, Lorri, 139, 140
Godden, Richard, 256, 260
Go Down, Moses (Faulkner), 259, 523–525
God’s Revenge Against Murder (Weems), 60
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang, 147, 148, 150
Goldfield, David, 437–438
Goldman, Andrew, 493
Goldsby, Jacqueline, 300
Goodlad, Lauren, 107
A Good Man Is Hard to Find (O’Connor), 346
Good Measure (Morgan), 367, 368
A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain (Butler), 483, 484–485, 489
Goodwin, James, 299
Goodyear, Charles, 432n15
“The Goopher’d Grapevine” (Chesnutt), 104
Gordon, Avery F., 467
Gordon, Caroline, 7, 348, 352
Gordon-Reed, Annette, 48n4, 50n15, 400
“Gospel” (Powell), 375
Gottschalk, Louis Moreau, 127–128, 130
Goudie, Sean, 438
Gouge, Earnest, 4, 86–87, 89–90, 100n9
Grace
in antebellum literature, 55, 65, 97
in modernist literature, 282
in postbellum literature, 215, 218, 235–236
in postmodernist literature, 418–421, 424–429
Grady, Henry, 167, 174
Graham, Allison, 105–106, 475
Graham, Billy, 382
Grannen, Sheila, 300
Grant, Ulysses S., 183
Gray, Francis C., 4, 33–35, 39, 42, 43, 46, 50n13
Gray, Henry A., 183
Gray, Richard, 10, 495
“Great Day in the Morning” (Morgan), 369
The Great South (King), 184–187f
Great Temple Mound, 31f
Greed (Stroheim), 295
Green, Michael D., 18, 92
Greenberg, Kenneth, 216, 218
Greeson, Jennifer Rae, 163, 166, 169, 185, 381, 423, 424
Grierson, John, 293
Griffith, Ben, 346
Griffith, D. W., 228
Grimberg, Sharon, 12, 495, 496
Grimké, Angelina, 380–381
Grimsley, Jim, 324
Groom, Nichola, 487
Grote, David, 109
Groundwork (Morgan), 367
Gruesz, Kirsten Silva, 454–455
Gumilla, José, 40–43
Guthey, Greig, 457
Guy Rivers (Simms), 68
Gwin, Minrose, 3, 12–13, 312, 324, 514
Gwyn, E. S., 236
“Habakkuk 2:19” (Powell), 376
The Habit of Being: Letters of Flannery O’Connor (Fitzgerald, ed.), 344, 346–349
Hacking, Ian, 164
Haddox, Thomas, 173
Haiti, 257, 261–264, 417, 470
Haizlip, Shirlee Taylor, 410–411n4
Hale, Allean, 314
Haley, Alex, 399, 400, 410n1, 411n7
Haley, Nikki, 12, 493–494, 497, 508–509
Halflife (Wright), 369, 370
Hall, Stuart, 510
Hallak Tustenugge (Seminole), 189
Halliday, Rachel, 237
Halperin, David, 323
Halttunen, Karen, 117
Ham, Debra Newman, 235 (p. 543)
Hambourg, Morris, 297, 299, 305n24
Hamilton, Green P., 236
The Hamlet (Faulkner), 258
Hammond, James Henry, 122–123, 140
Hamor, Ralph, 21
“Hand-bill Distributed in Buncombe County, North Carolina: 1915” (Rash), 441
Handman, Max, 494, 504, 511n1
Haney López, Ian, 48n2, 49n5, 50n14
Hanna, A. J., 185
Hannah, Barry, 483
Hansom, Paul, 301, 303
“Happiness” (Anonymous), 238
Hard Freight (Wright), 452n8
Hardt, Michael, 164
Hare, Joseph Thompson, 4, 55–66
Hare, Lewis, 64–65
Harjo, Joy, 88
Harker, Jaime, 324
Harpe Brothers, 61
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins, 6, 232, 233, 239–246
Harris, Cheryl, 48n2
Harris, Joel Chandler, 4, 84–86, 91, 214, 220
Harris, Trudier, 3, 341n7, 521
Harrison, Benjamin, 231
Hart, Hubbard, 183
“The Haunted House in Royal Street” (Cable), 5, 129–131
Hawkes, John, 347, 349
Hawkins, Benjamin, 19, 20
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 380
Hayes, Rutherford B., 403
Hazlitt, William, 59
Hearing Sappho in New Orleans: The Call of Poetry from Congo Square to the Ninth Ward (Salvaggio), 521
Hearn, Lafcadio, 6, 184, 193n8, 320
The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter (McCullers), 474
The Heart of Midlothian (Scott), 55–56, 59
Hedge Coke, Allison, 11, 437, 444, 445, 451, 452n7
“The Heebie Jeebies” (Armstrong), 96
Hegel, G. W. F., 107
Hegeman, Susan, 301, 303, 304n6
Heilman, Robert B., 1, 170–171
“Helen Levitt” (Hambourg), 297
Hellman, Lillian, 310, 349
Hemenway, Robert, 355, 357
Hemings, Sally, 50n15, 400
Hemingway, Ernest, 322
Hemingway, Pauline Pfeiffer, 322
Hemispheric studies, 2, 3, 17, 256, 259, 265, 310, 516, 521
Henderson, Mae, 246
Hendler, Glenn, 140
Hening, William Waller, 34, 35
Henley, Beth, 324
Henning, Paul, 106
Henninger, Katherine, 10, 312, 379, 390, 393, 435
Henry, Letitia, 405
Henry, Neil, 400, 401, 403–410
Henry Adams (O’Brien), 167
Hentz, Caroline Lee, 5, 146–153
Hepburn, Katherine, 431n8
Herbert, Christopher, 210n12
Herbst, Josephine, 351–352
Herder, Johann Gottfried, 104
“Here” (Byer), 374
“Here and Yonder” (Powell), 376
Herod the Great, 358
Herodotus, 39
The Heroic Slave (Douglass), 143–144
Herschel, William, 202, 203, 209n6
Hester, Betty, 348, 349
Heyrman, Christine, 381
Hickory Hall (Southworth), 146, 152
The Hidden Hand (Southworth), 68
Hiep, Mai Thi. See Bub, Heidi
Higgonbotham, A. Leon, 48n3
“High Walker and Bloody Bones” (Hurston), 90
Highwaymen, 4, 55–77
Highwaymen and Pirates’ Own Book (Brooke), 68
Highway robbery, 57, 58, 65, 70
Hildebrand, Samuel S., 70
Hill, Ruth, 4, 33
Hill, Samuel S., 383
Hillbilly, 105, 106, 109
Hillendahl, Mary Alice Porter, 352
Hind, James, 58, 61, 62, 64
Hinojosa, Rolando, 476–477
Hinrichsen, Lisa, 312
Hirsch, Marianne, 396n8, 515, 529n3 (p. 544)
Hirschfeld, Lawrence, 49n8
Hispanics. See Latina/os
Historical memory, 518, 521
The History, Romance and Philosophy of Great American Crimes and Criminals (Triplett), 57
History of emotions, 247n8
History of Florida (Vega), 81–82
The History of the Lives of the Most Noted Highway-Men (Smith), 58
The History of Southern Drama (Watson), 325
The History of Southern Literature (Rubin, ed.), 1, 415, 416
Hitchcock, Alfred, 418
Hitler, Adolf, 273, 282, 285, 286
Hobsbawm, Eric J., 59
Hobson, Fred, 1, 3, 165, 529n10
Hobson, Geary, 25, 26
Hogan, Linda, 25, 83
Hogarth, William, 193n8
Holland, Josiah Gilbert, 184–185
Holland, Sharon Patricia, 387
Hollier, Denis, 293
Hollister, Paul M., 129, 131
Holloway, Gay Porter, 350
Holman, C. Hugh, 2, 169
Holocaust, 396n8, 430n1, 529n3
Holt, Hamilton, 357
“Homage” (Powell), 375
Homeless, 78, 96, 515
Homicide Survivors Picnic and Other Stories (López), 466–468
Homoeroticism
in antebellum literature, 5, 140, 141, 144–151, 154
in modernist literature, 311, 313
Homosexuality
in antebellum literature, 5, 139, 140, 145, 149, 154
gay and lesbian studies, 1
in modernist literature, 310, 311, 313–319, 345, 347, 351
in postmodernist literature, 381, 382, 384, 385, 387, 416, 510
Honor, 5, 62, 89–90, 139–140, 142, 145, 154
Honor and Slavery (Greenberg), 216
hooks, bell, 11, 401, 436
Hooper, Johnson Jones, 111
Hooper, S. D., 320–321
Hopkins, Pauline, 242, 243
Horwitz, Tony, 431n10
A House Not Meant to Stand (Williams), 320
How Am I to Be Heard? Letters of Lillian Smith (Gladney, ed.), 285, 344, 352, 354–355
Howard, Bryce Dallas, 419, 430–431n4
Howard, John, 312
Howard, Ron, 430n4
Howe, LeAnne, 25, 26, 88, 518
Howell (mulatto client of Jefferson), 35, 36
Howells, William Dean, 166
“How the World Was Made” (Littlejohn), 29
How to Be Gay (Halperin), 323
“How to Build the Earthly Paradise” (Chappell), 366
Hudgins, Andrew, 87–88, 97
Hudson, Angela Pulley, 19–20
Hughes, Langston, 357, 358
Humboldt, Alexander von, 180
Hume, David, 174
Hummer, T. R., 434, 435
Humor, 9, 104, 108, 333, 334, 340, 358, 403
Hunt, Charles Henry, 42–43
Hunt, Leigh, 62
Hunter, Tera, 242
Las Hurdes/Land Without Bread (Buñuel), 8, 291–295, 297, 299, 301–303
Hurricane Katrina (2005), 410, 417, 475, 482
Hurst, Fannie, 356
Hurston, Zora Neale, 4, 7, 9, 82, 83, 85–86, 89, 344–346, 353, 355–359, 474, 487, 516
Hurt, John, 418
Hutchinson, Coleman, 162, 325
Hutson, Cecil Kirk, 72n6
Hybridity, 33, 36, 43, 48, 49, 457
Hypodescent, 4, 33, 35–37, 39, 41, 43, 47–48, 48n2, 50n15
Ibarz, Mercé, 295
The Idea of the American South (O’Brien), 164
Ideas Have Consequences (Weaver), 282–285
Identity
Asian Americans and, 503–505
cultural memory of, 420, 421
doppelgängers and, 388
homosexual, 140 (p. 545)
immigration and, 474, 476, 482
interracial family histories and, 399, 406, 407, 410
in Jax-space, 87
Jim Crow laws and, 82
in Latina/o literature, 469
masculinity and, 143
modernity and, 436
racial, 216, 217
racial uplift texts and, 233
regional, 171, 232, 255, 324, 385, 429, 434, 473
sexual, 314, 317, 381, 384
social factors of, 152
southern, 30, 171, 172, 208, 320
whiteness as, 227
woundedness and, 519, 520
Ideology
in antebellum literature, 91
in modernist literature, 270, 273, 276, 295
in postbellum literature, 6, 201, 217, 221, 232, 235, 240
in postmodernist literature, 455, 462
“I dreaded that first Robin, so” (Dickinson), 376
I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (Angelou), 97
I’ll Take My Stand: The South and the Agrarian Tradition (Twelve Southerners), 104, 271, 275, 285, 382
Imagery, 322, 375, 391, 392
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (Anderson), 107
Imagined geography, 169, 170, 417, 493
Imagining the Earth: Poetry and the Vision of Nature (Elder), 365–366
Imitation of Life (Hurst), 356
Immigrants
in antebellum literature, 99n1
Asian Americans, 479–481, 485
in postbellum literature, 228, 228n1
in postmodernist literature, 12, 422, 455, 459, 473, 474–477, 479–480, 482, 484–486, 509
Immigration
in modernist literature, 259
in postbellum literature, 215
in postmodernist literature, 12, 473–477, 479, 481, 483, 485, 486–487, 489
Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (Jacobs), 145–146, 312–313
In Country (Mason), 483
India
in modernist literature, 310, 353, 354
in postbellum literature, 6, 196–199, 202–208
in postmodernist literature, 475, 496, 497, 516, 522, 524
Indian American Cultural Association, 496
Indian Americans, 12, 494, 498, 508
Indian culture, 199, 495, 496, 498
Indian knife, 198–200
Indian Removal, 18, 24–26, 79, 83, 90, 92, 93
Indigenous literary and textual histories. See Native American and indigenous studies
Ingram, Martin Van Buren, 4, 91–92
Innocence, 142, 261–263, 418, 435, 502
In Ole Virginia, Or, Marse Chan and Other Stories (Page), 214–215
In the Presence of Others (Smith), 353
Inside the Crips: Inside L.A.’s Most Notorious Gang (Simpson), 342n15
Intergalactic Research (Sun Ra), 98
Interracial family histories, 399–412
Interstitiality, 474, 508, 509
In the Street (Agee and Levitt), 297
Intertextuality, 17, 25, 26
In These Houses (Osbey), 451n4
Inventing Southern Literature (Kreyling), 270
Invisible Man (Ellison), 9, 13, 327–329
“Invocation” (Osbey), 438–439
Iola Leroy (Harper), 6, 232, 233, 241, 242–246
“Ironweed” (Morgan), 368–369
Irvine, Fred, 356
Irving, Washington, 60, 83, 424
Isham, Edward, 62
Ivanek, Zelko, 420
Jackson, Andrew, 4, 79–84, 87–89, 92–95, 99
Jackson, Blyden, 1
Jackson, Mahalia, 99
Jackson, Michael, 4, 98–99
Jackson, Rachel, 84, 92 (p. 546)
Jacksonian democracy, 4, 79, 82, 83, 91, 96
Jacksonville, 79, 80, 82, 83, 93, 94, 332
Jacobs, Harriet, 5, 145–146, 154, 312–313, 523
Jacobs, Robert, 170, 473
Jacobson, Matthew Frye, 36, 46–47
James, Henry, 347
James, Jesse, 4, 70–71
Jameson, Fredric, 438
Jax-space, 79–81, 83, 84, 86, 87, 90, 92–96, 98, 99
Jefferson, Thomas, 4, 33–39, 41–43, 46, 48, 48nn1–2, 350–351, 399, 400, 408
Jehlen, Myra, 182
Jenkins, McKay, 311
Jessie Brown; or, the Relief of Lucknow (Boucicault), 196
Jesus Christ, 290
Jin, Ha, 12, 479, 480, 482, 483, 489
Jindal, Bobby, 12, 493, 509
John March, Southerner (Cable), 167–169
Johnson, Charles, 58, 61, 62–63, 340
Johnson, E. Patrick, 389
Johnson, James Weldon, 7, 82, 84, 98
Johnson, Jennifer, 372
Johnson, Lonnie, 290
Johnson, Mat, 404, 406
Johnson, Rochelle, 364
Johnson, Sherita, 232
Johnston, Joseph E., 70
Jonah’s Gourd Vine (Hurston), 356
Jones, Anne Goodwyn, 312
Jones, Edward P., 340
Jones, General, 402, 403
Jones, Roger, 367
Jones, Suzanne W., 10–11, 256, 312, 399, 477
Jordan, Judy, 436
Jordan, Winthrop D., 34, 36, 39, 47
“Journal of the Year of the Ox” (Wright), 448
Journey (Smith), 353
Junaluska, Marie, 29
Just Below South: Intercultural Performance in the Caribbean and the U.S. South (Adams, Bibler, & Accilien, eds.), 521
Justice, Daniel, 26
Kahana, Jonathan, 291
Kant, Immanuel, 181–183, 190–191
Kaplan, Carla, 344, 355, 357–358
Katrina (Hurricane, 2005), 410, 417, 475, 482
Kenan, Randall, 10, 379, 383, 384, 387, 389, 390, 394, 395
Kennedy, John Pendleton, 182
Kennedy, R. Emmett, 214
Kerber, Linda, 237
Kertbeny, Karl-Maria, 149
Kidman, Nicole, 430n4
“The Killer Chicken and the Closet Queen” (Williams), 316
Killers of the Dream (Smith), 270, 282, 285–287, 352, 353, 380
Kilpatrick, Anna G., 95
Kilpatrick, Jack F., 95
Kim, Choong Soon, 489n4
Kim, Hai Thi, 495, 502, 503
King, Edward, 6, 184–187
King, Grace, 128
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 197, 341n10, 518
“King Leopold’s Soliloquy” (Twain), 206
Kingsley, Zephaniah, 82
Kingsolver, Barbara, 475
Klail City (Hinojosa), 476
Knadler, Stephen, 6, 216, 231
Knight’s Gambit (Faulkner), 474
Komunyakaa, Yusef, 436
Kreyling, Michael, 11, 170, 173, 174, 270, 413, 482–483, 495
Kristeva, Julia, 293, 304n8
Krupa, Michelle, 475
Kruse, Kevin, 174
Krutnik, Frank, 109
Kubie, Lawrence S., 353, 354
Kupperman, Karen Ordahl, 21, 22–23
Kushner, Tony, 324
Kutzinski, Vera M., 259, 260
Ladd, Barbara, 1, 47, 256, 266n9, 477, 494
Lahr, John, 314
Lalaurie, Delphine, 5, 115, 121, 122, 124–125, 127–130, 132
Lalaurie, Louis, 115, 124–125
Lalaurie scandal, 115–132
“The Lament” (Hare), 57
Land Without Bread/Las Hurdes. See Las Hurdes/Land Without Bread (Buñuel) (p. 547)
Land Diving (Morgan), 367
Landscape
in antebellum literature, 5, 19, 20, 37, 87
in postbellum literature, 168, 182, 189, 190
in postmodernist literature, 369–371, 446–448, 458, 467–469, 481, 484, 525
“The Landscape” (López), 467, 468–469
Lang, John, 10, 11, 363, 435
Lang, William, 519
Lange, Dorothea, 8, 297–298, 305n16
“Language Journal” (Wright), 370
Lanier, Sidney, 183, 186–188
“Larder with Christ at Emmaus” (Powell), 375
Lasteyrie, C. P., 42
The Last of the Ofos (Hobson), 25, 26
Lastra, James F., 293, 296
The Latin Deli (Ortiz Cofer), 459, 460
Latinos in the New South: Transformations of Place (Furuseth & Smith, eds.), 457
Latinos and the U.S. South (Mantero), 454
“Law, Grace, and Race: The Political Theology of Manderlay“ (Lloyd), 418
Lawrence, Seymour, 350
Lawson, John, 3, 21–24, 31n3
Led Zeppelin, 96
Lee, Harper, 12, 496, 505
Lee, Maryat, 348
Lee, Robert E., 70, 183, 483
Lee, Spike, 417
The Leopard’s Spots (Dixon), 167, 212, 213, 215, 217–223, 226, 227
Lerner, Gerda, 354
“Letter” (Tate), 276
Letters of Katherine Anne Porter (Bayley, ed.), 344, 350
Let Us Now Praise Famous Men: Three Tenant Families (Agee & Evans), 8, 290–291, 294, 297–301, 303
Leverich, Lyle, 321
Levertov, Denise, 365
Levitt, Helen, 297
Lewis, Sinclair, 380
Lewis, Tom, 445
Liberator, 116, 121, 124
Li Causi, Pietro, 38
The Life, Times, and Treacherous Death of Jesse James (Triplett), 71
Life and Adventures of Joseph T. Hare, 68
Light in August (Faulkner), 258, 381, 474
Lightfoot, Captain, 73n45
Lind, Ilse Desoir, 260
Linnaeus, Carl, 181, 366
Linney, Romulus, 324
Lippard, Lucy, 254, 255
Listen, America! (Falwell), 382–384, 386
“Litany of Our Lady” (Osbey), 439
Literary correspondence, 9, 344–360
The Literature of the American South: A Norton Anthology (Andrews et al. eds.), 3, 516
“Little Apocalypse” (Wright), 370
Littlefoot (Wright), 452n8
Little House on the Prairie, 387
Littlejohn, Kathi Smith, 29
Little Women (Alcott), 422, 423–424, 428, 429
Lives and Exploits of English Highwaymen (Whitehead), 67
Livingston, Robert R., 37, 42
Livingstone, David, 184
Living Stories of the Cherokee (Duncan), 27–28
Lloyd, Vincent, 418, 431n6
Locality, 4, 104–114, 172
Loewen, James W., 473, 494
Longstreet, Augustus Baldwin, 108
Look Away!: The U.S. South in New World Studies (Smith & Cohn, eds.), 256
López, Lorraine M., 12, 455, 458, 459, 466–469
Lorentz, Pare, 291, 304n3
Lost Cause (Pollard), 170
Lost Cause Regained (Pollard), 170, 174–175
Louisiana (Brodber), 259
Love
in antebellum literature, 26, 93, 142–149, 151–153
in modernist literature, 292, 323, 350, 353, 354, 356, 357
in postbellum literature, 220
in postmodernist literature, 366, 369, 372, 375, 376, 382, 383, 391, 394, 401–403, 407, 426, 428, 429, 461, 470, 498, 502, 525
(p. 548)
A Lovely Sunday for Creve Coeur (Williams), 320
Lovers and Beloveds: Sexual Otherness in Southern Fiction, 1936–1961 (Richards), 311, 321
A Love Story Beginning in Spanish (Ortiz Cofer), 459, 460–461
Lowe, John W., 6, 180, 188, 256, 439
Lowe, Lisa, 511n7
“Low Water” (Rash), 443
Lumpkin, Grace, 276
Lydersen, Kari, 475
Lyell, Charles, 182, 193n5
Lynch, John, 347
Lynes, George Platt, 351
Lynyrd Skynyrd, 97
Lytle, Andrew, 346
Macgregor, Rob Roy, 59–60
MacKethan, Lucinda, 214, 215
Madison, James, 37
Magic City (Sun Ra), 98
The Magic Keys (Murray), 341n5
Mai’s America (film), 509
Makes Me Wanna Holler (McCall), 342n15
Making Nature Sacred (Gatti), 365
“Making Real the Mythical Latino Community in Charlotte, North Carolina” (Furuseth and Smith), 455
Malamud, Bernard, 349
Malcolm X, 518
Man with a Bull-Tongue Plow (Stuart), 364
Manderlay (von Trier), 11, 417, 418, 426
A Man in Full (Wolfe), 475–476
Manhood, 139, 140, 145, 329, 335–337, 339
Manly, Alexander, 212, 225–226, 229n9
Manning, Maurice, 364
The Mansion (Faulkner), 258
Mantero, José María, 454, 455, 458
“The Man That Was Used Up” (Poe), 95, 98
Manyin, Mark E., 500, 503–504
“Many Thousands Gone” (Baldwin), 327
Mao Zedong, 524
March (Brooks), 11, 419, 421–430
The March (Doctorow), 432n16
Marcus Warland (Hentz), 146, 147–149, 152–153
Marech, Rona, 404
Marion, Jeff Daniel, 364, 368, 374
“MARION on the Oklawaha” (Champney), 186f
Maritain, Jacques, 353
Mark, Rebecca, 311, 312, 324
The Marrow of Tradition (Chesnutt), 212, 213, 215, 216, 223–228
Martin, Michael, 73n45
Martin, Valerie, 311, 489n5
Martineau, Harriet, 121, 127
Martinot, Steve, 36
Marvell, Andrew, 366
Marx, Karl, 162
Marxism, 305n17
Masculinity, 5, 139–144, 154, 321. See also Manhood
Mason, Bobbie Ann, 93–94, 97, 483
Mason, Charlotte Osgood, 356
Massey, Doreen, 265–266, 519–520
Massumi, Brian, 165, 236, 247n8
Mather, Cotton, 350
Matthew, Saint, 450
Matthews, John T., 260, 263
Mayan Temples (Sun Ra), 98
Mayfield, John, 155n7
McAdams, Janet, 25, 26
McAlister, Melani, 247n13
McCall, Nathan, 342n15
McCarthy, Mary, 318, 319
McClellan, George B., 427
McCray, Carrie Allen, 400–404, 408–410
McCullers, Carson, 9, 325, 348–349, 467, 474, 478
“McDonald’s Agrees to Pay More for Florida Tomatoes” (Groom), 487
McFee, Michael, 364
McHenry, Elizabeth, 232–233
McIntyre, Rebecca C., 183–184
McKee, Elizabeth, 349
McKee, Kathryn, 310, 312, 477
McNally, William, 119
McNeill, Louise, 363, 364
McRuer, Robert, 387, 389, 396n7
McTyeire, H. N., 127
Medoro, Dana, 89–90
Meek, Alexander, 4, 87, 88 (p. 549)
Mehta, Ved, 489n4
Melancholia, 142, 167, 301, 357, 413–417, 422, 423, 426, 429, 430n1
“Melancholy Realism” (Tagg), 301
The Member of the Wedding (McCullers), 348
Memoirs, 2, 10, 41, 60, 96, 315, 350, 358, 407, 409, 410, 515
Memoirs (Williams), 314, 322
Memory
in antebellum literature, 3, 86, 93, 127, 128
consensus memory, 518, 519
historical memory, 518, 521
in modernist literature, 254, 257, 314, 320, 325, 345, 350
in postbellum literature, 6, 162, 191, 192, 198, 207, 208, 231, 244
in postmodernist literature, 368, 385, 386, 388, 409, 415, 423, 440, 442, 447, 519, 527
Memory Mambo (Obejas), 462
Mencken, H. L., 10, 381, 430
Mendelson, Jordana, 291, 293, 301
Men Like That: A Southern Queer History (Howard), 312
Meridian (Walker), 86
Mesle, Sarah, 153
Mestizos, 39–41
La Méthode Nouvelle et Invention Extraordinaire de dresser les Chevaux, les traivallier selon la nature, et parfaire la nature par la subtilité de l’art (Cavendish), 43, 44–45f
“Mexican Places in Southern Spaces” (Guthey), 457
Meyer, Annie Nathan, 356
Michaux, André, 366
Midquest (Chappell), 364–366, 373–375, 436
Mignolo, Walter, 202
Migrants. See Immigrants; Immigration
Miko Kings (Howe), 25, 26
Milanich, Jerald T, 81
Millay, Edna St. Vincent, 356
Milledgeville Southern Recorder, Longstreet articles published in, 108
Millennial Teeth (Albergotti), 452n10
Miller, Christopher, 446
Miller, Jim Wayne, 364
Mills, Brett, 109
“Mill Village” (Rash), 442
The Mind of the South (Cash), 270, 276–277, 281–282, 285, 288n9
Miscegenation, 10, 34, 43, 47, 262, 381, 382, 401, 410, 428
Miss India Georgia (Friedman and Grimberg), 12, 495, 496–499, 499f , 510f
The Mississippian, serial stories published in, 110–111
The Mississippi Chinese: Between Black and White (Loewen), 494
Mississippi Masala (film), 509
Mississippi Triangle (film), 509
Mitchell, Burroughs, 358
Mitchell, John, 38–39
Mittendorf, Bradley C., 3
Mixed-race memoirs, 10
Mixon, Wayne, 299
Modernism, 214, 278, 292, 303, 413, 423, 429
Modernist literature
agency in, 329, 332, 340
Caribbean in, 256–257, 259, 265, 320
Civil War and, 258, 271, 272, 276, 278, 279
documentary in, 8, 290–302, 345
fantasies in, 303, 351
grace in, 282
homoeroticism in, 311, 313
homosexuality in, 310, 311, 313–319, 345, 347, 351
ideology in, 270, 273, 276, 295
immigration in, 259
love in, 292, 323, 350, 353, 354, 356, 357
memory in, 254, 257, 314, 320, 325, 345, 350
modernity in, 271–275, 277–280, 282, 284, 291
mourning in, 301
nature in, 260, 261, 271, 284
poetry, 7, 275, 281, 284, 285, 300, 353
race in, 311, 356, 357
race relations in, 355
Reconstruction in, 278, 332
religion in, 351, 357
slavery in, 264, 265
southern culture in, 8, 9, 270–275, 277, 279, 282, 283, 285, 286
suffering in, 276, 296, 327 (p. 550)
truth in, 274, 275, 298, 322
violence in, 274, 275
whiteness in, 320, 354
whites in, 282, 286, 287, 327, 333, 335, 337–339
white supremacy in, 285
women in, 253, 311, 317, 318, 332, 338, 348–350, 354, 357
Modernity
in antebellum literature, 47
in modernist literature, 271–275, 277–280, 282, 284, 291
in postbellum literature, 165, 198, 202, 205
in postmodernist literature, 416, 422–424, 428, 429, 434, 442, 446, 489, 499
Modernization, 206, 292, 416, 441
Mohl, Raymond, 474, 487
Moll Flanders (Defoe), 58
Monkey Bridge (Cao), 483–484
Monkey Hunting (Garcia), 13, 522–524
Monster: The Autobiography of an L.A. Gang Member (Shakur), 342n15
Montaigne, 117, 204
Monteith, Sharon, 256, 475–477, 483, 485, 517
Montgomery, John H., 441
A Month of Sundays (Updike), 380
Moody, Anne, 518
Mooney, James, 26
“Moonlight Ride with Stuart” (Cooke), 70
Mootoo, Shani, 13, 522, 524, 525, 527, 528
Morale, 232, 233, 238, 239, 242, 244, 245
Mordden, Ethan, 317
More Conversations (Welty), 527
“More Sonnets at Christmas” (Tate), 281
Morgan, Robert, 10, 11, 364–365, 367–369, 371, 372, 374, 376, 436
Morrison, Toni, 82–83, 498, 505, 515–516, 527, 528
Mosby, John, 4, 69–70
Moten, Derryn E., 48
“Mother-in-Law’s Tongue” (López), 467
Moudrov, Alexander, 72n4
Mountain Windsong: A Novel of the Trail of Tears (Conley), 25–28, 30
Mourning
in modernist literature, 301
object of, 421–423
in postbellum literature, 162, 238
in postmodernist literature, 11, 413–416, 418, 421–424, 427, 429, 460
Mourning Becomes the Law (Rose), 418
Mourning and Melancholia (Freud), 414
“Mr. Cash and the Proto-Dorian South” (Davidson), 281–282
Mr. Universe (Grimsley), 324
Mulattoes, 33–36, 39, 41, 43, 46–48, 217, 223, 263, 410
Mules and Men (Hurston), 85–86, 89, 355
Multiculturalism, 2, 320, 509, 510
Murison, Justine S., 247n4
Murphy, Paul V., 283
Murray, Albert, 328, 329–330, 332, 335, 340, 341n4
Murray, Pauli, 47
My Confederate Kinfolk: A Twenty-First Century Freedwoman Discovers Her Roots (Davis), 400, 401, 408, 409
“My Old Kentucky Home” (song), 5
“The Mysteries of the Joy Rio” (Williams), 321, 323
The Mysteries of New Orleans (Reizenstein), 149–150, 152
“My Word Hunger” (Ortiz Cofer), 459–460
Nagin, Ray, 475
Naipaul, V. S., 172, 481, 509
Napier, J. C., 235
Narrative (Douglass), 426
Narrative process, 336–339
“Narratives of African Immigration to the U.S. South” (Bone), 486
Nathan, George Jean, 318
National imaginaries, 379, 380, 383, 389, 417, 457, 481
Nationalism, 47, 266, 310, 325
The Nation’s Region (Duck), 169
Native American and indigenous studies, 17–32, 91, 93, 96–97, 99
Native American literature, 17–32
Native Guard (Trethewey), 13, 434, 435, 451n1, 518, 519, 524
Native Son (Wright), 327, 328, 340, 341n3, 342n15
Native South, 3, 17–19, 21, 25, 30, 31, 90, 206, 484 (p. 551)
Nativism, 476
Natural history, 4, 35–37, 39, 41–43, 182
Natural law, 48, 217, 218
Nature. See also Landscape
in antebellum literature, 36–38, 57, 59, 63, 68, 105, 125, 128, 145, 146
in modernist literature, 260, 261, 271, 284
in postbellum literature, 6, 164, 174, 180–183, 188–190, 192, 213, 218, 220, 222, 227
in postmodernist literature, 10, 11, 363, 364–378, 409, 414, 423, 426, 428, 436, 447, 449, 507
“Nature” (Emerson), 366, 368, 414
Nazism, 288n7. See also Fascism
Neale, Steve, 109
Neamathla, 83
Negative Blue (Wright), 371, 447, 448
Neisser, Ulric, 345
Nelson, Dana, 477
Nettels, Elsa, 215
Neuberg, Victor, 58
Neville, Ann, 500–502
New-England Anti-Slavery Society, 116
New Fire (Gouge), 86–87
Newman, Frances, 7
Newman, Paul, 317
New Method of Dressing Horses (Cavendish), 40
Newmyer, Stephen T., 38
“New Pasts: Historicizing Immigration, Race, and Place in the South” (Winders & Smith), 473, 476
New South, 166, 167, 176, 225, 234–236, 239, 319, 437, 457, 461, 509, 519
“New South” (Grady), 167
New Southern Studies, 173, 256, 310, 388, 413–415, 477, 510, 522
A New Voyage to Carolina (Lawson), 21–22
“Next” (Wright), 372
Nhu, Tran Tuong, 500
Nicholas, Denise, 401
Nichols, Bill, 294–295
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 349
The Night of the Iguana (Williams), 320
Nights with Uncle Remus (Harris), 85
Nihilism, 288n10
Nine Parts Desire (Brooks), 431n10
Njeri, Itabari, 399
Noll, Steven, 184
“No More Monoliths, Please” (Holman), 2
Norman, Marsha, 324
North, Michael, 214, 228n1
Notebooks (Williams), 315
“Notes from a Miner’s Canary” (Weaver), 96–97
Notes of a Native Son (Baldwin), 327
Notes on the State of Virginia (Jefferson), 37, 39
“Not There” (Falconer), 469
Nouvelle (Cavendish), 40
Oates, Joyce Carol, 345, 349
Obama, Barack, 177n2, 509
Obejas, Achy, 12, 458, 462, 468
O’Brien, Michael, 9–10, 164, 167, 170, 172, 177n1
“The Ocean” (Mason), 93–94
O’Connor, Flannery, 2, 7, 9, 86, 318, 324, 344–349, 355, 357, 358–359, 467, 474, 520
“October Journey” (Walker), 520, 521
“Ode, Sung on the Occasion of Decorating the Graves of the Confederate Dead” (Timrod), 161
“Off Season” (Hedge Coke), 444
Off-Season City Pipe (Hedge Coke), 444, 452n7
“Of God we ask one favor” (Dickinson), 373
Okihiro, Gary, 510
“The Oklawaha” (Woolson), 189–190
“Old Folks at Home” (Foster), 5–6, 83
Old & New Testaments (Powell), 374, 375
Olin, Margaret, 299
Oliver, Mary, 365
Oltean, Tudor, 109
The Omni Americans (Murray), 328, 329
“One Arm” (Williams), 317
One Drop: My Father’s Hidden Life (Broyard), 411n8
One Hour (Smith), 353
On the Road (Kerouac), 322
Ophir, Ella Zohar, 303
Orel, Vítězslav, 42, 49n10
“Original Errata” (Powell), 375
“The Origin of the Milky Way” (Junaluska), 29
Orinoco ilustrado (The Orinoco Illustrated) (Gumilla), 40–42
Orpheus Descending (Williams), 320, 474
Ortiz, Simon, 25 (p. 552)
Ortiz Cofer, Judith, 12, 455, 458, 459–462, 467
Orwell, George, 286
Osbey, Brenda Marie, 11, 437–440, 451, 451n4, 518
Othello, 36, 41
The Other Latin@: Writing Against a Singular Identity (Falconer & López, eds.), 459, 469
Other Planes of There (Sun Ra), 98
Other Voices, Other Rooms (Capote), 321–322
Our Faces, Our Words (Smith), 354
“Our Mother’s Lie” (López), 455
Our South: Geographic Fantasy and the Rise of National Literature (Greeson), 163, 169, 381, 423
The Outlaw Years: The History of the Land Pirates of the Natchez Trace (Coates), 56
“Outside the Garden” (Powell), 376
Ownby, Ted, 383
The Oxford Book of the American South: Testimony, Memory, and Fiction (Ayers & Mittendorf, eds.), 3
“Ozymandias” (Shelley), 182
“Packin’ Four Corner Nabs” (Hedge Coke), 444–445
Page, Geraldine, 317
Page, Thomas Nelson, 131, 214–215, 220, 221, 228n2
Page, Walter Hines, 176
Paine, Albert Bigelow, 207
Paller, Michael, 314–318, 321
Palmetto Leaves (Stowe), 185, 188
Pandit, Vijaya Lakshmi, 197
Paradise (Morrison), 505
Paradiso (Dante), 366
Park, Clara Claiborne, 349
Parks, Rosa, 518
Parrinder, Patrick, 56, 58
The Partisan Leader (Tucker), 141–142
“Pastoral” (Trethewey), 434, 435
Pastoralism, 11, 26, 434–436, 442, 477
Paul, Saint, 375
Paul Clifford (Bulwer-Lytton), 67
Paulding, James Kirke, 68–69
“The Peaceable Kingdom of Emerald Windows” (Chappell), 366
Peacock, James L., 473, 476
Pearl’s Secret: A Black Man’s Search for His White Family (Henry), 400, 404–408
Pearson, Norman, 350
Pearson, Susan, 118
“Peepers” (Morgan), 368
People of the Book (Brooks), 431n10
The People Who Stayed: Southeastern Indian Writing after Removal (Hobson, McAdams, & Walkiewicz, eds.), 25
Percy, William Alexander, 313–314
Perdue, Theda, 18, 92
Perea, Juan F., 457
The Perfect Hour (Falconer), 469–470
Periodicity, 106–110
Perry, Melissa Harris, 241
Perry, Phyllis Alesia, 521
“Persistence” (Galton), 203
“Personalizing the Political, Politicizing the Personal: Reflections on Editing the Letters of Lillian Smith” (Gladney), 354
Peters, Edward, 118
Pew Research, U.S. Religious Landscape Survey, 395n1
Phares, Ross, 64
Phelps, Fred, 382
Phillips, Carla Rahn, 40
Phillips, Caryl, 340
Phillips, U. B., 128–129, 176
Phillips, William D., Jr., 40
Picasso, Pablo, 300
Picturing Tropical Nature (Stepan), 188
Pike, James Shepherd, 6, 162–163, 166, 169–170, 177n3
“Pilgrimage” (Trethewey), 520
Place, 79, 98, 104, 254, 256, 267, 376, 457, 526
“Place in Fiction” (Welty), 526
Placing the South (O’Brien), 177n1
Plantation fiction, 212, 214–216
Plantation justice, 123
Pleasants, Samuel, 33
Pocahontas, 21
Poe, Edgar Allan, 4, 95, 100n10, 184 (p. 553)
“The Poet and the Plowman” (Chappell), 367
Poetry. See also Southern poetry; specific poets and titles of works
antebellum period, 38, 71, 98
modernist period, 7, 275, 281, 284, 285, 300, 353
postbellum period, 184, 224, 237, 239–241
postmodernist period, 10, 11, 363–367, 369–373, 375, 376, 403, 408, 434, 435, 437, 439, 441, 443, 445–447, 449, 459, 469, 481, 521
Points, Marie Louise, 131
“Polaroids” (Obejas), 462–465
Polk, Noel, 260–261, 312
Pollard, Edward, 170, 174–175
Pope, Alexander, 481
Popular culture, 2, 5, 57, 379, 381–384, 390, 391, 400
The Portable Faulkner (Cowley, ed.), 87, 89, 90
Porter, Katherine Anne, 7, 9, 310, 344–346, 349–353, 355, 358–359
Porter, Paul, 350–352
Porter, William, 111
“Porter’s Subsidiary Art” (Givner), 350
“Portrait” (Hambourg), 299
Possessing the Past: Trauma, Imagination, and Memory in Post-Plantation Southern Literature (Hinrichsen), 312
“Possum up de Gum Tree” (song), 84
Postbellum literature
agency in, 202
blackness in, 200, 218, 223, 244
Caribbean in, 189–190
Civil War and, 165, 167, 182, 183, 214, 217, 240
fantasies in, 163, 166, 169, 208, 245
grace in, 215, 218, 235–236
ideology in, 6, 201, 217, 221, 232, 235, 240
immigrants in, 215, 228, 228n1
landscape in, 168, 182, 189, 190
love in, 220
memory in, 6, 162, 191, 192, 198, 207, 208, 231, 244
modernity in, 165, 198, 202, 205
mourning in, 162, 238
nature in, 6, 164, 174, 180–183, 188–190, 192, 213, 218, 220, 222, 227
poetry, 184, 224, 237, 239–241
Reconstruction in, 184, 185, 189, 212, 216, 228, 231–234, 236–244, 246
religion in, 197, 238
series in, 184, 190, 213, 218, 236, 239
shame in, 163, 170, 207, 237, 241, 244
slavery in, 6, 197, 198, 207, 208, 215, 216, 233, 235, 243, 244
southern culture in, 172, 173
suffering in, 175, 240, 244, 245
truth in, 6, 174, 213–220, 223–226, 238, 239
whiteness in, 6, 189, 197, 198, 206, 208, 213, 217, 218, 221, 223, 224, 227, 228, 244
whites in, 175, 197, 198, 216, 217, 226, 244, 245
white supremacy in, 176, 196, 208, 217, 227
women in, 228, 233, 239, 241, 242
Postcolonialism, 7, 18, 33, 48, 256, 310, 414–417, 476
“Postcolonial Theory, the U.S. South, and New World Studies” (symposium), 477
Posthumanism, 304n10
Postmemory, 396n8, 515, 529n3
Postmodernism, 418
Postmodernist literature
agency in, 462
blackness in, 387, 405, 407, 408, 508
Caribbean in, 438, 470, 474, 475, 488, 516, 524–525
Civil War and, 400, 401, 403, 409, 416, 417, 419, 422–424, 427–429, 434, 441, 470, 482–484
documentary in, 12, 390, 401, 416, 495, 497, 499–501, 510
fantasies in, 390, 391, 393, 399, 418–420, 424–428
ghosting in, 11, 12, 373, 386, 416, 437, 439, 456–460, 462, 464–470, 483
grace in, 418–421, 424–429
homosexuality in, 381, 382, 384, 385, 387, 416, 510
ideology in, 455, 462
immigrants and immigration in, 12, 422, 455, 459, 473, 474–477, 479–487, 489, 509 (p. 554)
landscape in, 369–371, 446–448, 458, 467–469, 481, 484, 525
love in, 366, 369, 372, 375, 376, 382, 383, 391, 394, 401–403, 407, 426, 428, 429, 461, 470, 498, 502, 525
memory in, 368, 385, 386, 388, 409, 415, 423, 440, 442, 447, 519, 527
modernity in, 416, 422–424, 428, 429, 434, 442, 446, 489, 499
mourning in, 11, 413–416, 418, 421–424, 427, 429, 460
nature in, 10, 11, 363, 364–378, 409, 414, 423, 426, 428, 436, 447, 449, 507
race in, 10, 11, 381, 400, 406, 414, 495, 503, 505, 508
race relations in, 11, 406, 410, 457, 459, 462, 465, 478, 495, 528
Reconstruction in, 11, 400, 401, 409, 410, 417, 418, 429, 520
religion in, 10, 379–398, 439, 440, 497
series in, 368, 374, 385, 386, 441, 464, 468, 477, 509
shame in, 391, 403, 414, 418, 506
slavery in, 380, 381, 399, 419, 421–423, 426, 427, 435, 436, 473, 486–489, 522, 523
southern culture in, 393, 455, 480, 497, 498, 502
suffering in, 366, 440, 448, 463, 507
truth in, 393, 394, 401, 405, 408, 466
violence in, 389–392, 466–467, 527
whiteness in, 385, 387, 392, 404, 421, 435, 494, 497, 503, 504, 508
whites in, 410, 494–496, 515
white supremacy in, 423, 503, 504
women in, 372, 382, 384, 387, 401, 419, 422, 423–424, 428, 429, 456, 461, 462, 467, 515, 516
Postsouthernism, 2, 7, 172–173, 255, 310, 446
The Postsouthern Sense of Place in Contemporary Fiction (Bone), 475, 476
Powell, Lynn, 10, 364–365, 372, 374, 375–376
Power (Hogan), 25, 83
Powers, James F., 349, 350
Powhatan, 21
Practical Farmer, Being a New and Compendious System of Husbandry Adapted to the Different Soils and Climates of America (Spurrier), 42
Practical Treatise on the Merino and Anglo-Merino Breeds of Sheep (Hunt), 42–43
Prassel, Frank Richard, 59, 68
Pratt, Lloyd, 4–5, 104, 172, 174
“A Prayer for the Mountains” (Chappell), 367
“The Present Function of Criticism” (Tate), 280–281
Presley, Elvis, 96, 98
The Prince of Darkness (Southworth), 146, 147, 150–152
Principles of Geology (Lyell), 193n5
Prodigal Summer (Kingsolver), 475
Prophets for a New Day (Walker), 520
The Prostrate State (Pike), 162–163
Protest fiction, 240, 327, 328, 332, 340
Pseudodoxia epidemica (Browne), 38
Pseudopodia (magazine), 352
Psychic homicide, 80, 85, 86, 92, 96, 97
“Public Silence, Private Terror” (Allison), 383
“Puc Puggy” (William Bartram), 181
Puerto Rico, 89, 460, 469, 470
Pugh, Tison, 311
Punishment. See Crime and punishment
Purgatorio (Dante), 366
Quarter Notes (Wright), 369, 370
Queen (Haley), 411n7
Queer Chivalry: Medievalism and the Myth of White Masculinity in Southern Literature (Pugh), 311
“Queer Locations, Queer Transformations: Randall Kenan’s A Visitation of Spirits” (McRuer), 387
Queerness, 2, 148, 153, 156n20, 314, 321, 379, 381, 389, 395. See also Homoeroticism; Homosexuality
Queer Renaissance (McRuer), 389
A Question of Gravity and Light (Falconer), 469, 470
Quinn, Jeanne Follansbee, 303 (p. 555)
Race. See also African Americans; Race relations; headings starting with “Racial”
in antebellum literature, 36, 38, 42, 48, 49, 150, 152
in modernist literature, 311, 356, 357
in postbellum literature, 6, 165–166, 176, 213, 215–217, 220, 222–225, 231, 232, 236–238
in postmodernist literature, 10, 11, 381, 400, 406, 414, 495, 503, 505, 508
Race Questions, Provincialism, and Other American Problems (Royce), 165–166
Race relations
in modernist literature, 355
in postmodernist literature, 11, 406, 410, 457, 459, 462, 465, 478, 495, 528
Racial conflict, 214, 328, 332, 336, 339, 340
Racial democracy, 79, 82, 84, 286, 287
Racial fetishism, 5, 139, 141, 143, 145–147, 149, 150–154, 155n16
Racial latency, 12, 493, 495, 497, 499, 501, 503, 505, 507–509
Racial uplift, 6, 231–239, 241, 244, 246
Rader, Melvin, 274
Rai, Lala Lajpat, 197
Raiford, Leigh, 518
Rambo (film), 504
Randhawa, Nimrata, 494–495
Randolph, Esther, 275, 279
Randolph, John, 275, 279
Ransom, John Crowe, 7, 8, 271–272, 280, 281, 284, 434
Rash, Ron, 11, 437, 441–445, 451, 452n6
Rasmussen, Birgit Brander, 31n4
Rauschning, Hermann, 288n10
Ray (Hannah), 483
Reading and Writing Nature (Rotella), 365
Reagan, Ronald, 383
The Realm of Hungry Spirits (López), 466
The Real South: Southern Narrative in an Age of Cultural Reproduction (Romine), 416, 430
Rebecca (du Maurier), 418
Reconstructing the World: Southern Fictions and U.S. Imperialisms, 1898–1976 (Stecopoulos), 417
Reconstruction
in modernist literature, 278, 332
in postbellum literature, 184, 185, 189, 212, 216, 228, 231–234, 236–244, 246
in postmodernist literature, 11, 400, 401, 409, 410, 417, 418, 429, 520
The Red Devil Battery Sign (Williams), 320
Redding, Otis, 461
“Red Leaves” (Faulkner), 90
Redmond, Eugene B., 88
Red Rock (Page), 228n2
Reece, Byron Herbert, 364
Reed, John Shelton, 446
Reed, T. V., 292, 299, 303
Réflexions critiques sur la poésie et sur la peinture (Du Bos), 38
Regionalism, 166, 177n2, 271, 287, 310, 476
Regis, Pamela, 182
Reilly, John M., 341n3
Reimers, David M., 479, 482
Reizenstein, Ludwig von, 5, 149–150
“Relic” (Butler), 482
Religion
in antebellum literature, 64, 145
in modernist literature, 351, 357
in postbellum literature, 197, 238
in postmodernist literature, 10, 379–398, 439, 440, 497
Remember Me to Tom (Williams), 317
Remini, Robert V., 81, 83–84
“Rendezvous in Low Light” (Powell), 375
Representing Reality: Issues and Concepts in Documentary (Nichols), 294–295
“Rethinking Theology and Nature” (Christ), 373
“Revelation” (Powell), 374
“Revenant” (Rash), 442–443
“Revival” (Powell), 376
The Revolution of Nihilism (Rauschning), 288n10
Reynolds, David S., 67
Reynolds, Sheri, 311
Rhodes, Cecil, 206
Rice, Malinda, 402
Richard Hurdis (Simms), 68
Richards, Gary, 8–9, 310, 311, 321, 381, 395
River (Chappell), 365, 366
The River (Lorentz), 291
Rivera, Tomás, 476 (p. 556)
“The Road” (Hare), 57
Robberies, 62–65, 70, 71, 462
Robbers, 4, 55–59, 66, 70, 71
The Robbers (Schiller), 59
Roberts, Elizabeth Madox, 7
Roberts, Sam, 486
Robertson, Pat, 382
Robin Hood, 71
Robinson, Charles Frank, II, 47
Robinson, Owen, 7–8, 253
Rob Roy (Scott), 59–60
Rock, Ghost, Willow, Deer (Hedge Coke), 452n7
Rock Eagle Effigy Mound, 18f
Rockman, Seth, 82, 83
Roe, Jae, 227
Roger (slave), 122
Rolling Stones, 96
Romano, Renee, 518
Romans, Bernard, 19
The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone (Williams), 317
Romine, Scott, 5–6, 161, 214, 217, 221, 224, 416, 430, 451n2
Rookwood (Harrison), 68
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 274, 275, 282
Root, Michael, 49n5
Roots (Haley), 399, 400
Rose, Gillian, 418
Rosenberg, Eric, 301
The Rose Tattoo (Williams), 319–320, 325
Rosiebelle Lee Wildcat Tennessee (Andrews), 340n2, 341n8
Rosskam, Edwin, 300
Rotella, Guy, 365
Rothman, Adam, 87
Rowe, Katherine, 209n6
Rowe, Michael, 393, 394
Royal Commentaries on the Incas (Vega), 39
Royce, Charles C., 26
Royce, Josiah, 165–168, 176
Rubin, Louis D., Jr., 1, 7, 170, 303, 415–416, 473
Rubinstein, E., 294
Ruether, Rosemary Radford, 372
Ruffin, Thomas, 123
Ruins (Obejas), 462
Ruiz-Velasco, Chris, 217, 221, 228n8
Rushdie, Salman, 479
Rushdy, Ashraf, 401, 411n8
Russell, Bertrand, 449
Russell, Catherine, 294
Russell, Nicholas, 42
Russo, Vito, 316
Ryan, Maureen, 482, 484, 485, 489
Ryder, Winona, 431n8
Sablonière, Margrit de, 357
Sacral Grooves, Limbo Gateways (Cartwright), 88, 100n7
Saddik, Annette, 315
“The Sahara of the Bozart” (Mencken), 430
Said, Edward, 420
Salvaggio, Ruth, 521
Same-sex relations. See Homoeroticism; Homosexuality
Samuels, Shirley, 232
Sánchez-Eppler, Karen, 232
Sandburg, Carl, 71
Sandiford, James H, 122
Santner, Eric, 171–172
Sanz Ayán, Carmen, 40
Sartoris (Faulkner), 257–259
Sass, Marion, 172
Satire, 59, 333, 334, 340
Saunt, Claudio, 23–24
Savran, David, 315, 321
Sayre, Gordon, 31n5
The Scarlet Letter (Hawthorne), 380
Scar Tissue (Wright), 452n8
Schiller, Friedrich, 59
Schmidt, Peter, 496, 509
Scoggins, Jerry, 106, 108
Scott, Evelyn, 7
Scott, Walter, 4, 55–56, 58, 59–60, 70
Scruggs, Earl, 106
Seal, Graham, 58
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky, 147, 247n8
Seebachan, Misty, 497–499, 505
Seminoles, 99n1
Sensibar, Judith L., 93
Serena (Rash), 452n6
Serial fiction, 4, 104, 105, 107, 108–111, 205 (p. 557)
Series
antebellum period, 4–5, 41, 60, 82, 104–111, 129, 132
modernist period, 257, 264, 266, 293, 333, 353
postbellum period, 184, 190, 213, 218, 236, 239
postmodernist period, 368, 374, 385, 386, 441, 464, 468, 477, 509
“A Serious Experiment: Land without Bread, 1933” (Ibarz), 295
Sestets (Wright), 371–372, 452n8
The Seven Descents of Myrtle (Williams), 320
The Seven League Boots (Murray), 341n5
Sexual abuse, 141, 145, 154, 391, 392, 525
Sexuality. See also Homosexuality
in antebellum literature, 141, 144–146, 153, 154
in modernist literature, 8, 310–315, 317–319, 321, 323–325
in postmodernist literature, 10, 375, 379, 383, 384, 386, 388, 389, 391, 401, 416
Sexual Politics in the Work of Tennessee Williams: Desire over Protest (Hooper), 320
Shakur, Sanyika, 342n15
Shame
in antebellum literature, 84–86, 91–93
in postbellum literature, 163, 170, 207, 237, 241, 244
in postmodernist literature, 391, 403, 414, 418, 506
Shame (Rushdie), 479
Shame and Its Sisters (Sedgwick), 247n8
Sharpton, Al, 99
Shaw, Jon A., 147
Shea, Renee H., 494
Shearer, Cynthia, 486–489
Shelley, Percy Bysshe, 182
Shell Shaker (Howe), 25, 26, 30, 88, 90, 518
Shepherd, Jack, 71
Sheridan, Philip, 278
Sherman, William, 278
Shiloh and Other Stories (Mason), 93
Ship of Fools (Porter), 349
Shoemaker, Nancy, 19, 22
“Shooting Alligators” (Champney), 187f
The Signifying Monkey (Gates), 332, 341n6
Simmons, Nancy, 374
Simmons, Ryan, 223
Simms, William Gilmore, 5, 68, 142–144, 155n8, 182
“Simon Suggs, the Shifty Man” (Hooper), 111
Simplicity, 192, 213–215, 217, 223, 260
Simpson, Colton, 342n15
Simpson, Lewis P., 170
“Singing to Salt Woman” (Byer), 373–374
“Singing Tortoise Refuses to Sing” (Native American tale), 90
Sister Citizen (Perry), 241
Sitcoms, 109
Six Poets from the Mountain South (Lang), 364
Skin: Talking About Sex, Class & Literature (Allison), 383, 390, 393
Slaughter, Thomas P., 182
Slave abuse and torture, 115–138
Slave law, 122
Slave masters, 116–118, 121–127
Slavery
in antebellum literature, 4, 5, 82, 83, 119–141, 145, 146, 150, 152–154
in modernist literature, 264, 265
in postbellum literature, 6, 197, 198, 207, 208, 215, 216, 233, 235, 243, 244
in postmodernist literature, 380, 381, 399, 419, 421–423, 426, 427, 435, 436, 473, 486–489, 522, 523
Slaves in the Family (Ball), 401
Sloniowski, Jeannette, 296
Smith, Adam, 120, 121
Smith, Alexander, 58
Smith, Barbara Ellen, 473, 476
Smith, Dave, 11, 436
Smith, Heather, 455, 457
Smith, J. Douglas, 48
Smith, John, 21, 39
Smith, Jon, 171, 172–173, 175, 176, 256, 310, 489, 495, 503, 516
Smith, Lee, 311
Smith, Nash, 209n5
Smith, R. T., 517
Smith, Ted J., 271, 275
Smith, Thomas Ruys, 4, 55
Smith-Nonini, Sandy, 474 (p. 558)
“Snail Mail to the Corinthians” (Powell), 375
Snelling, Paula, 354
“Snow” (Butler), 485
Snyder, Gary, 365, 371
Sobchack, Vivian, 299
Social class, 213, 223, 225, 405
Social construction of race, 406–408
Solander, Daniel, 181
Sollors, Werner, 4, 36–37, 41, 43, 46–48, 49n5, 225, 229n12
Some Adventures of Simon Suggs, Late of the Tallapoosa Volunteers (Hooper), 111
Something Unspoken (Williams), 318
Song of Solomon (Morrison), 82–83
Song of the South (film), 85
Souls of Black Folk (Du Bois), 486
The Sound and the Fury (Faulkner), 89–90, 258, 313
Sound-Shadows of the New World (Mehta), 489n4
Source (Chappell), 367, 373
“South” (Trethewey), 435
South America, 4, 10, 33, 34, 40, 43, 48
The South in Black and White: Race, Sex, and Literature in the 1940s (Jenkins), 311
South Carolina, 122, 169, 390, 437, 441, 449, 454, 458, 475, 493, 494, 501
Southern Agrarianism, 7–8, 104, 256, 270–277, 280–283, 285, 287n4, 351, 358
Southern authoritarianism, 276, 285
“Southern Chivalry and Total War” (Weaver), 278–279
“The Southern Crescent” (Trethewey), 435
Southern culture
in antebellum literature, 4, 32, 56, 60, 104, 140, 141, 147, 152
in modernist literature, 8, 9, 270–275, 277, 279, 282, 283, 285, 286
in postbellum literature, 172, 173
in postmodernist literature, 393, 455, 480, 497, 498, 502
The Southerner (Page), 176
Southern exceptionalism, 2, 435,