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date: 01 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Albert Murray, Ernest Gaines, and Raymond Andrews have the freedom to reimagine black life and to produce portrayals of the South that oppose Richard Wright’s protest because they live in a time after Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man created a different perception of black character and culture; because they live in the aftermath of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements, in which society has changed perceptibly and black agency, particularly that of black men, is clearer to them; and because they live in a literary and cultural milieu broadly influenced by feminism and black women’s communal stories. In these writers’ works it is primarily the black community that in essence reimagines Wright’s South in a storytelling process that engenders black strength, and most importantly liberation, through psychic healing, subverting Wright’s definition of protest by revealing the community’s own power and resources to fight white oppression.

Keywords: black power movement, black agency, black men, the black community, Richard Wright, black women writers

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