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date: 18 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Long before the notion of the global South gained critical currency, southern cultural critics in the 1930s and 1940s were interrogating southern traditionalism within the context of the nation and the world, with a particular focus on the rise of totalitarianism in Europe and its relevance to understanding the South. Writers from all political stripes were engaged in the dialogue. Two writers, however—Richard Weaver and Lillian Smith—whose political perspectives stood at opposite poles, tower above the other cultural critics and perhaps best represent what we might call the “regionalist internationalism” or “internationalist regionalism” that stands at the center of the strident debates from this period concerning the South and its significance to the nation and the world.

Keywords: regionalism, totalitarianism, traditionalism, Agrarianism, Fascism, Richard Weaver, Lillian Smith

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