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date: 24 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Indigenous literary histories have expanded to incorporate southern literature as well as ever-changing notions of the places that would eventually be called “the South.” Along with oral stories, Native southern cultures created other kinds of texts, including earthworks and smaller expressive forms such as effigies, pipes, and pottery. When print texts and alphabetic literacy arrived as European imports and began to infiltrate and become Indianized, they joined with indigenous literacies and forms of textuality to create not a newly textualized world, but a different one. Native cultures in the South and elsewhere were richly multitextual and intertextual long before European landfall. Though neither intracultural nor intercultural literacy is unique to indigenous peoples in the South, the complex prevalence of both helps map the longstanding textual and literary histories of the Native South, a place that has been Native for vastly longer than it has been southern.

Keywords: Native American and indigenous studies, Native South, indigenous texts/textualities, indigenous literacies, Native southern literature, Native southern history, Robert J. Conley

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