Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Thule culture is the most widespread Arctic whaling culture; its distribution commonly associated by researchers with climatic warming. Its origins between A.D. 900 and 1200, and development in the Birnirk and Punuk cultures are contested between Siberia and Alaska, out of a base of Old Bering Sea cultures. Although reliant on whaling, the degree of social complexity in Thule remains uncertain, as the trade in iron decreases as does aesthetic elaboration. The last incarnation of a “Northern maritime tradition” and the predecessor of modern Iñupiat and Inuit, the considerable and renowned Thule whaling prowess lends their origin a political cast in modern communities.

Keywords: Birnirk, Punuk, Thule, migration, Aboriginal whaling, Medieval Climate Anomaly

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.