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date: 19 October 2019

(p. 521) Index

(p. 521) Index

Note: Italic page numbers are refer to Figures.

abolition of slavery, commemoration of, 487
Abscam, 287
access, to archives, 173
accountability, human rights projects for, 142–43
acid mine drainage (AMD)
AMD&ART project targeting (see AMD&ART)
as environmental liability, 209–12
watershed and, 209–11
passive treatment of, 209
public involvement in reclamation from, 212–14
Action Comics, 106
action research, 75
Adirondack Museum, 193
Adobe Flash, content control with, 52
Adorno, Theodor W., 448
The Adventures of Mr. Obadiah Oldbuck (Töpffer), 106
A&E Networks, History Channel of, 128–29
aestheticization of archaeological objects, 352–53
Afghanistan, history education in, 265
Africa, environmental history in, 199
African American Society to Preserve Cape Coast Castle, 482
Afrodescendants
role in Colombian independence, 350, 358
Wakes and Live Saints exhibition and, 355–57, [link]
afro wigs, in National Museum of Colombia, 350, [link] , 358–59
Age of Extremes (Hobsbawm), 447
agriculture
environmental history work and, 196–200
industrial, 196, 218, 221–24
small-scale (see small-scale agriculture)
after World War II, 221–24
before World War II, 219–21
AIDS. See HIV/AIDS
Akeju, Camille, 77
alabaos, 356
alcohol, Strong Museum exhibition on, 331
Allen, Thad, 258
Am Beispiel meines Bruders (My Brother for Example) (Timm), 453–54
AMD&ART
community involvement in, 212–14
conception of, 211–12
as park and catalog, 214–16
American Bar Association, 392–93, 395, [link]
American Civil Liberties Union, “Justice Denied” series of, 154
American Indians, two spirit, 183
American War of Independence, Magna Carta and, 387, 398
Amish, 219, 223
Amnesty International, Camp Delta cell tour of, 154
Anacostia Community Museum, 76–77
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum, 342n8
Ancestry.com, 125, 128
Anders, Roger, 266
Anderson, Benedict, 379, 510
Anderson, Julie, 92
Anderson, Rhonda, 128
Andrieux, Caroline, 428–29
animal protection treaties, 192
Annan, Kofi, 249
Anne Frank Stichting (AFS), 372
De Ontdekking project of, 109–14, [link]
De Zoektocht project of, 114–17, [link]
Anzac tradition, 405, 512, 514–15
(p. 522) apartheid
land reparations movement after, 144
South Africa postapartheid court after, 145–46
Appalachian coal country
addressing AMD as environmental liability in, 209–12
creation of place-based community assets in, 212–14
environmental destruction in, 207–9
Appleton Farms, 227
applied history, market for, 126–27
appraisal, of materials to be archived, 172
Arab American National Museum, 335
Arcadia Publishing, 126
archeology, public. See public archeology
Archibald, Robert, 2
archives, 174n4. See also records
administering of, 171–73
descriptions of, 172–73
human rights roles of, 163–64, 173
for institutional reform, 168–69
as part of government history work, 257–58
as part of right to know, 164–66, [link]
for prosecutions, 166–67
public history and, 406–8
for reparation and restitution, 170–71
for truth-seeking, 169–70
UNESCO work on, 246–48
Archivum, 246
Arden, John, 391
Argentina, human rights projects in, 142–43
Armenian genocide, 379
Armstrong, Carol, 424–25
Army Center of Military History (CMH), 260–61, 263
Army Corps of Engineers, U.S., 191
art, in government history work, 258
artifacts
in government history work, 258
arts factory movement, 428–30
The Arts of Citizenship, 79
Ashton, Paul, 293, 314
Asia. See also specific countries
development of public history in, 14–15
Assmann, Jan, 452–53
Association of Living Historical Farms and Agricultural Museums, 112
Astérix (Goscinny and Uderzo), 107
Athens Conference, 240
Atlantic slave trade. See also slavery tourism
apologies for, 487–88
burgeoning interest in, 479
commemoration of, in Ghana, 484–85
Ghanaian collective memory of, 482–83
reparations movement, 488–89
Attwood, Bain, 361
audience, 7–8, 313–15. See history businesses: and audiences of
of community history, 71–72
connection of, 311–14
of digital public history, 45–48, 57–58, 62–63
historians’ understanding of, 124
and Indoesnian public monuments and memorials, 506
museums and, 71–73, 79, 83, 95–96, 328–30, 363, 373, 461, 473
Rosenzweig and Thelen’s survey of, 124–25
social media engagement of, 62–63
Auschwitz, De Zoektocht project depicting, 114–17, [link]
Auschwitz–Birkenau State Museum, 375–76
Austin, Ato, 481
Australia
development of public history in, 4–5
heritage and national identity in, 315–19
practice of public history in, 25
public history audiences in, 314
Australian Forest History Society, 195
Australian War Memorial in Canberra, 405
authenticity, as element of good history, 131
authority
in disability history, 90–91, 93
Avrami, Erica, 360
Baker, Howard, 281
Baldwin, Stanley, 392
Bali bombing
Australian response to, 512
Balinese interpretations of, 511–12
Balinese response to, 512–13
(p. 523) events of, 511
media representations of, 514
Bali bombing memorial, 506
dedication of, 512, [link]
memorial mania and, 516
Bali Peace Park Association, 512
Balkan wars, Srebrenica massacre during, 268
Barbe-Rouge (Hubinon and Charlier), 107
Baricco, Alessandro, 364
Barndt, Kerstin, 426
Barreyre, Nicolas, 4
Bartels, Diane, 315
Bashforth, Martin, 414–15
“Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law” (United Nations General Assembly), 170
Bayeux tapestry, 105–6
Bean, Charles, 405
Bearing Witness, 373
Becker, Carl, 130–31, 409
Becola, Pete, 156
Becoming Visible, 179
Belanger, Dian, 192
Belasco, Warren, 222
Les belles histoires de l’Oncle Paul (The fine tales of Uncle Paul), 107
Bender, Thomas, 74
Benjamin, Walter, 410, 448–49
Bennett, Alistair, 429
Bennett, Tony, 328, 353, 362
Berkin, Carol, 130
Berlin, Ira, 488
Berlin Conference of 1884–1885, 463
Berlin Holocaust Memorial, 454–55
Bernard-Donals, Michael, 382
Bertella Farnetti, Paolo, 6
Berthelot, Yves, 249
Bertucelli, Lorenzo, 6
Bérubé, Allan, 178
“Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire” (Nora), 75
bicentennial, of U.S. Congress, 279–80
Bicentennial of Independence, 350, 358
Bilderbogen, 106
biodiversity, 192, 196, 200
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 280
Bismarck, Otto von, 463
Bitburg cemetery, 451
Black Power (Wright), 480
Blaenavon, South Wales, 425–26
Die Blechtrommel (The Tin Drum) (Grass), 449
Bloch, Marc, 29
blogs, 60–62
Blom, J. C. H., 268
Blueberry (Charlier), 107
Boel, Jens, 247
Bolling, Richard, 280
bones, from colonial Congo, 469–72, [link]
Bookspan, Shelley, 122
Booth, Charles, 411
Bormann, Tammy, 148
Bosnia, Srebrenica massacre in, 268
Bourdieu, Pierre, 31
Bourgeois, Léon, 240
Bowling, Mimi, 179
Der Boxer (Kleist), 118
Boyle Heights, 337
Bracero History Archive, 48, [link]
brand, using history to establish, 125–26
Brandt, Willy, 450
Brazil, grass-roots memory projects in, 432–33
Breay, Claire, 388, 395–96
Brecher, Jeremy, 80
Brennan, Tim, 412
Bridging Ages, 28
Brinksman, Graham, 408, 415
Britain
development of public history in, 5
heritage and national identity in, 315–19
history education policy in, 265
industrial heritage sites in, 425–26
museum practices in, 328
practice of public history in, 26
British Museum, access to, 328
British National Party, 399n21
(p. 524) Brown, Audrey, 146
Brown, Lester, 200
Brown, Wendy, 149
brownfield history
arts factory movement and, 428–30
broader interpretation of, 423–25, [link]
definitions in, 424
industrial heritage preservation and, 425–28
intangible heritage in, 430–34
and oral history, 433–34
social museology in, 430–34
working-class history and, 431–35
Budi Utomo, 507
Buffalo Women’s Oral History Project, 178–79
Buried in the Footnotes, 100n40
Burns, Ken, 280
Burton, William F. P., 471–72
Bush, George W., 267
Bush, Vannevar, 52
Bush Truth Commission, 152
business of history. See history businesses
Butler, Pamela, 184
Butler, Toby, 429, 435
Byrd, Robert, 282, 284
Byrne, Denis, 516
Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network (C-SPAN), 288
Cabra, Alphonse, 464
Cambodian genocide
blurring lines of morality in, 493
Cambodian stoicism and, 492–93
educated class and, 497–98
ending of, 500
Khmer Legacies and, 492
moving forward, 501–2
obstacles to narratives of, 496–501
refugees from, 496–97
Cambodian survival stories
economic concerns and, 498
Khmer Legacies and, 492, 497
The Killing Fields and, 497
lack of audience for, 499
literacy and, 497–98
moral complications with, 500–501
motivation to tell, 493–94
obstacles to collection of, 496–501
oral history and, 499–500
political reprisals and, 498–99
stoicism and, 492–93
Camp Delta, 153–54
Camp Happy, 151, 156
Camp X-Ray, 153
Canada
development of public history in, 6
Gold Rush in, 310
industrial heritage sites in, 426–28
public history audiences in, 314–15
social museology in, 431–34
truth commission in, 170
Canadian Museum for Human Rights, 376
Canadian Museum of Civilization, 354
Cape Coast castle
construction of, 480
preservation of, 482
visitors to, 480
as World Heritage Site, 480–81
Capitol Hill historians
establishment of, 277–81
House and Senate structure, operations, and traditions influencing, 278–81
maintaining neutrality of, 286–89
work of, 282–86
Capitol Visitor Center, U.S., 288
Capra, Fritjof, 73
Cardona, Spain, 426
Carruthers, Jane, 199
case studies, glocal dimension of, 27
Casey, George, 261
castles, of slave trade, 480
Catton, Theodore, 195
Cauvin, Thomas, 3, 8
cemetery records, for missing persons searches, 169
Cenker, Isil Cerem, 79
Center for Holocaust Studies, 495
Centre d’Histoire de Montréal (CHM), 432–34
Centre for International Heritage Activities, 9
C’était la guerre des tranchées (It was the War of the Trenches) (Tardi), 108
Champion, Justin, 16n24
Chanrithy Him, 497
Charlier, Jean-Michel, 107
Charter of the Forest, 388–89, 391, 400n24
Chartists movement, 407
(p. 525) Chatelain, Verne, 270
Chavez, Zackary T., 373
Chengde Mountain Resort
challenges to conservation of, 300–304
construction, use, and preservation of, 298–300
cultural diversity issues and, 292–94, 296–97
patriotism education and, 294–96
as World Heritage Site, 297–300
Chengde Municipal Administration of Cultural Heritage (CMACH), 293, 301–3
Chen Xin, 294
Chicago History Museum, Teen Chicago exhibit of, 332
Children’s Area, of Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum, 378
China
Chengde Mountain Resort in (see Chengde Mountain Resort)
cultural diversity issues in, 292–94, 296–97
development of public history in, 14–15
patriotism education in, 294–96
World Heritage Sites in, 297–300
Chinatown History Museum, 333–35
Chinatown History Project, New York City, 77
Chinatown Museum, 77
Chipman, Robert, 373
Chirac, Jacques, 488
Chomsky, Noam, 397
Chowdhury, Indira, 14
Churchill, Winston, 99n12
Cioc, Mark, 192
La Cité de l’Histoire de l’Immigration, 354
Cité Multimedia, 429
City of Memory project, 332
civic engagement, 141–42
civic renewal, in memorial museums, 378–79
Civil War
digital photograph collections of, 45, [link]
reenactments of, 28
Classics Illustrated, 107
Cleveland Historical, 56, [link]
Clifford, James, 340, 346n50
climate change, environmental history work and, 191–92, 196–98
Clinton, Bill, 285, 287
“cloak of a Dervish killed in Redjaf (Congo) in 1897, gift of Commander Laplume,” 460, [link]
coal country. See Appalachian coal country
Coast Guard, U.S., history work of, 258–59
co-creation, digital technology uses for, 58–60
Coggins, Nancy, 378
Cohen, Dan, 13
Coke, Sir Edward, 389, 392
Cold War, record access after, 258
collaboration
in business of history, 130–32
in Chinese public history, 292–94
in community history, 74–77, 83
digital technology uses in, 46–48, [link]
in disability history (see trading zones)
by historians, 130–32
in LGBTQ history, 179–81
collections, digital, 54–55
collective memory, in international public history, 27–30. See memory: collective
Collective Memory and Cultural Identity (“Kollektives Gedächtnis und kulturelle Identität”) (Assmann), 452–53
Colley, Linda, 390
Collins, Harry, 94–96
colonial collecting in Belgian Congo
actors of spoliation, 462–66
appropriation euphemisms, 466–68
Congo Museum, 462
flux of objects, images, bones, and people toward Belgium, 468–72
history of, 460, [link] , 463–64
proper curation for, 461
provenance labeling for, 472–74
comic strips
advantages of using for education, 117–18
history of medium of, 105–8
De Ontdekking, 109–14, [link]
De Zoektocht, 114–17, [link]
(p. 526) Comité de Vigilance face aux Usages Publics de l’Histoire, 33
commemoration, historical artifacts in, 453. See Magna Carta: Runnymede and 800th commemoration of
commercial development, cultural tourism and, 300–304
commissions, government, 266–69
communication skills, of historians, 132–33
Communist Party of China (CPC)
heritage in identity creation by, 296–97
history use by, 292
patriotism education agenda of, 294–96
community, 69, 71
environmental reclamation assets of, 212–14
meaning of history for, 80–82
Minnesota Historical Society exhibition on, 331
multiple narratives in rebuilding of, 144–45
Community and Social Change in America (Bender), 74
community archives, 406
community development, 74–75
community history, 69
audience of, 71–72
change as catalyst for, 81
in China, 292–94
community uses of, 80–82
decentralized approach to culture in, 72–74
dialogic museum, 333–35
future best practices of, 82–84
interdisciplinary approaches to, 74–77
LGBTQ projects using, 185–86
memory and, 75–76
museums based on, 76–77, 81–82
1990s exhibition projects in, 69–72
outcomes of, 83–84
public historian uses of, 78–80
shared authority in, 70–72, 75, 83
community identity, history museums and, 331
competition, historians engaging in, 129–30
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, history business market created by, 127
Compromise of 1877, 284
concentration camps, 448, 457n1
Holocaust memorials in, 372
Congo Free State (CFS)
courts of justice of, 464
establishment of, 462–63
exploitation of, 460–62
flux of objects, images, bones, and people toward Belgium from, 468–72
human part trafficking in, 471–72
missionaries in, 465
“pacification” campaigns in, 463–64
territorial agents and administrators in, 464
Congo Museum. See also Royal Museum for Central Africa
appropriation euphemisms for, 466–68
CFS courts of justice and, 464
confiscation for, 467–68
Congolese in, 466–68
contributions to, 462
facsimile production for, 466
heads of chiefs in, 469–71, [link]
inventory of, in 1897, 464
masks and sculptures in, 465
missionary acquisitions for, 468
missionary exhibition in, 465
obtaining old items for, 465–66
opening of, 463
primary role of, 465
provenance labeling in, 472
purchases for, 467
Congrès international d’Histoire comparée, 240
The Congress (Burns), 280
congressional history
House and Senate structure, operations, and traditions influencing, 278–81
maintaining neutrality in, 286–89
promotion of, 282–86
role of, 277–79
Conn, Steven, 328–29, 336, 341n6, 342n8
connection, audience feeling of, 313–14
conscience, sites of. See sites of conscience
“conspiracy of silence,” 499
constitutional patriotism. See Verfassungspatriotismus
Constitution Hill, Johannesburg, 146
contact zones, 346n50
content creation
(p. 527) audience considerations in, 57–58
for blogs, 60–62
co-creation possibilities in, 58–60
collaboration in, 46–48, [link]
collections and metadata, 54–55
including historical complexity in, 49–51, [link]
location-targeted, 55–57, [link]
writing for digital media, 51–54, [link]
contested history
in Eastern Europe, 10
and Guantánamo Bay, 141, 154
in Indonesia, 506
and Magna Carta, 398
and national identity, 315
and the National Museum of Australia, 315
context, as element of good history, 131
Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 243
“Convention for the Protection of Historic Buildings and Works of Art in Times of War,” 240
Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, 244
Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, 244
Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, 244
Conway, Erik M., 197
Conze, Eckart, 269
Cooper, James Fenimore, 222
Copeland, Dave, 54
corporate history, businesses catering to, 125–26
Cossins, Neal, 318
Cotton Fields to Skyscrapers exhibit, 332
court history, 271
Cox, Pamela, 5
Craddock, Susan, 185–86
Creative Memories, 121–22, 125, 128
creativity, of historians, 133
credibility, as element of good history, 131
critical heritage, 17n39
crowdsourcing, in international public history, 30–31
cryptology history, 262
Cuban balseros, of GTMO, 151, 154, 156
cultural dialogues, 312–13
cultural elites, museums and, 328–29
cultural institutions
defining identity in (see national identity)
public history incorporation into, 311–12
cultural landscapes, 312–13
cultural memory and identity, 453
Cultural Revolution, China, 300
cultural tourism, 305n13
China Principles and, 301
commercial development and, 300–304
ethnic diversity and, 292–94, 296–97
patriotism education and, 294–96
at World Heritage Sites, 297–300
culture
decentralization of, 72–74
definitions of, 29
local, 28–30
narrative disputes in, 456–57
postmodern thinking on, 72–74
culture wars, history museums and, 330
Curatescape, 56
curator, role of, 71, 87, 92, 94, 329, 350, 359–60, 375, 404–5, 409, 461–62, 466, 470, 472–73
customers
collaboration with, 130–32
of history businesses, 123–29
custom identity, history museums and, 330
Cutler, William, 499
Cywinski, Piotr, 375
Danieli, Yael, 499
dark tourism, 11
Darling Foundry, 429, 439n50
Davis, Peter, 329, 342n7
Davison, Graeme, 5, 415
Decolonizing Museums: Representing Native Americans in National and Tribal Museums (Lonetree), 319
de Groot, Jerome, 11
de Haulleville, Baron A., 462–63, 465
deindustrialization. See brownfield history
(p. 528) de la Torre, Marta, 360
Delcommune, Alexandre, 468
Delhaise, Charles, 464
Delin, Annie, 92–93
Delta Works project, 198
democracy
dialogue as practice of, 145–49
Gulag Museum at Perm-36 work for, 146–47
as inclusion and equality, 144–45
Denton, Kirk A., 293
Department of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development, Canada, 264
Department of Agriculture, U.S., 263–64
Department of Education, U.S., 264–65
Department of Energy, U.S., 266
Department of Justice, U.S., 264
Department of Propaganda of the CPC, 295
Department of State, U.S., 263, 271–72
Department of the Interior, U.S., 264
Deutschstunde (The German Lesson) (Lenz), 449
de Varine, Hugues, 77, 431
Dewa Made Beratha, 513
dialogic museum, 77, 333–35, 337, 339, 344n26, 376–77
dialogue
blog encouragement of, 60–62
cultural, 312–13
definitions and goals of, 148–49
as democratic practice, 145–49
across differences, 309
as integrating multiple narratives, 144–45
as speaking truth in human rights projects, 142–43
in museums, 71–72 (see dialogic museum)
online, 58–59
trading zones and, 93
Dialogue Room, of National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, 377
diaries, for human rights prosecutions, 167
Dias, Nélia, 353
Dickerson, Amina, 343n16
dictatorships, public memory movements for accountability of, 142–43
Dierking, Lynn, 342n9
difference dialogues, 309
difficult heritage sites, 11, 18n48
digital projects, 30–31
digital technology, 3, 12–14
advantages of, 44–45
audience or users of, 57–58
co-creation using, 58–60
collaboration using, 46–48, [link]
collections and metadata, 54–55
crowdsourcing with, 30–31
early uses of, 45–46, [link]
encouraging dialogue with blogs, 60–62
engaging new audiences with social media, 62–63
historians’ use of, 132
historical complexity in, 49–51, [link]
industrial heritage use of, 430–31
in internationalization of public history, 25–26, 30–31
limitations of, 13–14
location-targeted content access using, 55–57, [link]
nonlinear content access in, 51–54, [link]
platform selection in, 47
preservation of works using, 63–64
record management and, 258
world archive projects using, 247–48
“dig where you stand,” 448
Diop, Papa Momar, 247
disability history, 87
authority in, 90–91, 93
ethical dilemma posed by presentation of, 89–90
exhibit dilemmas in, 92
marginalization in museum presentation of, 90–92
as part of identity history movement, 89–90
prejudice and, 88
trading zone use in. See trading zones
District Six, Cape Town, South Africa, community history of, 81
District Six Museum, 144
diversity
in heritage, 355–59, 361, 363–64
in museums, 353–54
in national parks, 312
Wakes and Live Saints exhibition and, 357
DNA testing, for missing persons searches, 169
documentation. See records
documents, for human rights prosecutions, 166–67
(p. 529) Documents on British Policy Overseas, 263
Dodd, Jocelyn, 92–93
Doing Family History, 411–12
Dole, Robert, 282
Door of No Return, 486–87
Doss, Erika, 377–79, 516
Dossier Ethnographique (DE), 474n2
Dougherty, Jack, 13
Drake, Michael, 413
The Drowned and the Saved (Levi), 496
Drucker, Peter, 123, 128, 134
Duggan, Lisa, 178
Duisburg, Germany, 426
Dunbar-Hall, Peter, 511
Dust Bowl, 192
Eagle, 107
Eccentric Spaces (Harbison), 508
Ecomusée de Haute Beauce du Québec, Musée territoire, 432
Ecomusée du Fier Monde, 432
ecomuseums, 77, 431–32
Edensor, Tim, 424
education. See history education
public history, 4–6, 8, 14–15, 33–36
educational comic strips. See comic strips
Efé skeletons, 471
Egham Museum, 396–97
Eichmann, Adolf, 494–95
Eichmann trial, 494–95
Eley, Geoff, 403
Eliach, Yaffa, 495
Elias, Norbert, 449–50
Ellis Island
emotional engagement of, 405
personal identity and, 332
Elmina castle
construction of, 480
preservation of, 482
visitors to, 480
as World Heritage Site, 480–81
Emancipation Day in Ghana
ceremony of, 486–87
founding of, 485
Emmerij, Louis, 248, 250, 254
The Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia, 48
The Enemy Within (Samuel), 404
energy history, 198
engagement
as element of good history, 131
by social media, 62–63
English Civil War, Magna Carta and, 387, 398
English Heritage, 316, 318–19
English National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, 315
Enola Gay exhibition, 141, 314
entertainment, history business market created by, 128–29
environmental history
business market created by, 127
climate change work of, 191–92, 196–98
courts’ role in development of, 193
cultural institutions’ role in development of, 193–94
federal government role in development of, 190–93
future path of, 196–200
types of work in, 194–95
Environmental Protection Agency, U.S., 424
environmental reclamation
history of Appalachian coal country, 207–9
as park and catalog, 214–16
place-based community asset creation in, 212–14
remediating environmental liabilities in, 209–12
Eric (Kresse), 108
Erwin (Kresse), 107–8
Essen, Germany, 426
Estefan, Gloria, 151
ethics, in presenting disability history, 89–90
ethnic diversity, cultural tourism in China and, 292–94, 296–97
ethnological museums, provenance labeling in, 473
Europe. See also specific countries
apologies for slavery in, 487–88
development of public history in, 6–7
History Workshop movement in, 448
Nazi aggression and occupation memory in, 454–55
slavery in, 479
World War II and lives lost in, 447–48
Evans, Robert, 94–96
Evans, Tanya, 414
Eveleigh railway workshops, 423
and the disabled, 90–92, 95–96
and marginalized groups, 144–45
online, 12, 36, 47, 49, 51–55
exhibitionary complex, 328
expectation, in written history, 447
experience
in knowledge creation, 408
in written history, 447
eye witness, 11
Facebook
engaging new audiences with, 62–63
knowledge creation with, 415
memorial museums and, 380–81
The Factory: Conversions for Urban Culture (TransEuropeHalles), 428
Falk, John, 342n9
family
Minnesota Historical Society exhibition on, 331
Strong Museum exhibition on, 331
family heritage objects, 410
family history
academic responses to, 413–15
businesses catering to, 121–22, 125, 128
ghosting of, 31
making of, 411–13
people’s use of, 125
A Family Secret (De Ontdekking) (Heuvel), 109–14, [link]
Farmers’ Museum, 222
farming. See agriculture
Federal History, 271
The Federalist, 271
Federal Republic of Germany, Prussian legacy in, 450
Fentress, James, 509
Filene, Benjamin, 4
films, businesses producing historical, 122
Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States, 267
Final Solution, 494–95
The fine tales of Uncle Paul (Les belles histoires de l’Oncle Paul), 107
Finnegan, Ruth, 413–14
Finnish Forest History Society, 195
First Nation tribes, Canada, 310
First Opium War, 299
First People’s Hall, 354
Fischer, Joschka, 269
Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. (FWS), 191–92
food deserts, 228
forced labor, in Congo Free State, 463
Force Publique, 462
Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Great Britain, 263
The Foreign Office and the Past: German Diplomats in the Third Reich and the Federal Republic, 269
Foreign Relations of the United States, 263, 271–72
Forest History Society, 195
Forest Service, U.S., history work of, 258
for-profit history. See history businesses
fortresses, of slave trade, 480
Fortunoff Video Archives, 495, 502
Fort Wayne, Indiana, community history of, 81
Forum für Geschichte und Gegenwart (Forum for Past and Present), 451
Fory, Nelson, 350, [link]
Foucault, Michel, 182
Found History, 15n1
France
apologies for slavery in, 488
History Workshop movement in, 448
Franco, Barbara, 331
Frank, Anne, 109, 372
Frank, Otto, 109
Frank, Robert, 252
Freedman, Estelle B., 178
freedom, in Germany, 456
Freedom Park in Pretoria, 362
Freire, Paulo, 75
Frevert, Ute, 28
Fried, Amy, 375
Frisch, Michael, 75, 313
Fujimori, Alberto, 167
Futures Past (Vergangene Zukunft) (Koselleck), 447
(p. 531) Galison, Peter, 93–94
Gallery of California Art, 332, [link]
Gallery of Honor, 372
Gandhi, Mahatma, 146
Garde-Hansen, Joanne, 415
Garden City movement, 414
Gardner, James B., 318–19, 408–10
Gates, Robert, 271
Gauck, Joachim, 456
Gay, Jackie, 92–93
Geertz, Clifford, 28–29
Geffrye Museum, 411
gender identity disorder, 184
General History of Africa (UNESCO), 245–46
genocide, Cambodian. See Cambodian genocide
gentrification, 423–25
geolocated content, 55–57, [link]
German Democratic Republic, Prussian legacy in, 450
German Historical Association, 271
The German Lesson (Deutschstunde) (Lenz), 449
Germany
apologies for slavery in, 488
development of public history in, 6
Foreign Office role in Nazi state crimes, 269
freedom and responsibility in, 456
History Workshop movement in, 448
Holocaust history of (see Holocaust)
industrial heritage sites in, 426
Netherlands occupation by, 109–14, [link]
political signs of convergence in, 450
record access after reunification of, 258
World War II and lives lost by, 447–48
De Zoektocht reception in, 116
Germany’s past
changes in dealing with, 447–48
freedom and responsibility in, 454–57
identity and culture and, 452–54
lost traces and voices of, 448–50
museums and monuments for, 450–52
Gerwani, 508–9, [link]
“Getting to the Truth through a Nonpartisan Commission of Inquiry,” 152
Ghana
Atlantic slave trade and, 482–83
Emancipation Day in, 485–86
problematic past of, 482–85
slave dungeons of, 480–81
slavery tourism development in, 479, 482
slave trade commemoration in, 484–85
ghosting, of family history, 31
Gifford Pinchot National Forest Heritage Program, 258
Gingrich, Newt, 280–81
Gitmo. See GTMO
Glassberg, David, 11, 341n5, 403–4
Glass–Steagall Banking Act, 287
GLBT History Museum, 179
global emplacement of memory, 383
globalization, environmental history work and, 196. See glocalization
global warming, environmental history work and, 191–92, 196–98
glocalization, 26–27
crowdsourcing and, 30–31
microhistory and, 28–30
Gluck, Carol, 11
Gold Coast, slavery and, 480
Gold Rush in Canada, 310
González, Beatriz, 350, 359–60
Gonzalez Quintana, Antonio, 165
Goose Village, Montreal, 433–34
Gorman, Michael, 93–96
Goscinny, René, 107
governmental records
creation and management of, 257–59
for human rights prosecutions, 166–67
for truth commissions, 169–70
government history
commissions, 266–69
history education policy and, 264–65
institutional history, 260–62
for policy making, 263–64
problems of practicing, 269–72
record creation and management, 257–59
in shaping institutional memory (see Capitol Hill historians)
types of, 256–57
Graham, Hugh Davis, 266
graphic novels. See comic strips
(p. 532) Grass, Günter, 449, 454
Graverán, Mario, 156
greed, distortion of past by, 134–35
Green, Alix, 15n2
Greenway, Judy, 414
Grele, Ronald, 403
Grever, Maria, 6
grief, Strong Museum exhibition on, 331
Griffintown, Montreal, 430
Groeneweg, Hans, 111
GTMO (Gitmo), 150. See also Guantánamo Public Memory Project
Guantánamo, terminology of, 159n14
Guantánamo Bay Association, 155
Guantánamo Public Memory Project, 141, 150–58
Guatemala, human rights in, 166
Guide to Public History Programs (NCPH), 33
Guide to the Sources of the History of Nations (ICA and UNESCO), 247
Gulag: Many Days, Many Lives, 49, [link]
Gulag Museum at Perm- 36, 146–47
Gunn, Lee, 152
Guoxin, Yang, 301
Gurr, Ted Robert, 266
gusimbura, 497
Gutierrez, Gita, 153
Gutteridge, Adam, 410
Habermas, Jürgen, 452
Hage, Ghassan, 362
Haing Ngor, 497–98
Haitian refugees, GTMO camp of, 151, 153, 155–56
Halbwachs, Maurice, 453
Haley, Alex, 481
Hall, Stuart, 357, 379
Hamilton, Lee H., 267
Hamilton, Paula, 30, 314
Hamlin, Chauncey J., 242
Hancock Shaker Village, 227–29
Hann, Dave, 416
Harbison, Robert, 508
Harris, Harry, Jr., 157
Harrison, Rodney, 9, 17n39
Harvard Trauma Project, 497
Hastert, Dennis, 281
Hatfield, Mark, 282
Hayes, Isaac, 482
Heale, Michael, 4
health, Strong Museum exhibition on, 331
hearing, in history research and discovery, 120–21
Hein, Hilde, 349, 361, 363
heritage, 315
dissonance in, 358–59
diversifying, 355–59, 361, 363–64
harmony and equity implication with, 353
identity and, 296–97, 315–19, 364
in master narrative, 352–55
National Museum of Colombia and, 350, 352, 359–61
public history and, 4–5, 9, 11–13
plurality of, 354–55
social use of, 360–61
in South Africa, 362
UNESCO and preservation of, 240–47
heritage area, 207, 213
“heritage boom,” 479
heritage breeds, 229
heritage conservation
at Chengde Mountain Resort (see Chengde Mountain Resort)
China Principles for, 301
commercial development and, 300–304
ethnic diversity in China and, 292–94, 296–97
industrial (see industrial heritage)
national identity and, 296–97, 315–19
UNESCO work on, 242–45
heritage dissonance, 309–10
Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF), 396–97
heritage tourism, agriculture, 219–25
Herzfeld, Michael, 9
Heuvel, Eric, 109–15
Hewlett, Richard G., 121
Hide/Seek: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture, 338–39
Hirsch, Marianne, 379
Histoire de monsieur Jabot (Töpffer), 106
Histoire de monsieur Vieux Bois (Töpffer), 106
Historial de Péronne, 32–33
historians, 257
audience understanding of, 124
(p. 533) community history uses of, 78–80
government, 269–72 (see also Capitol Hill historians)
in history businesses, 129–34
historians’ debate. See Historikerstreit
historians@work, 1, 15n1, 31
historical artifacts, in commemoration, 453
Historical Consultants Pty Ltd., 2
historical images
from colonial Congo, 469
comic strips as (see comic strips)
types of, 105
Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England, 316
historic preservation, UNESCO work on, 243–45
historic preservation movement, 75
Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, 426–27, 438n35
Histories of a Cry, 358–59
Historikerstreit (historians’ debate), 452
historiography, 404
history. See also public history
contested (see contested history)
elements of good, 131–32
participatory culture of, 403–5
professional definitions and public perceptions of, 124, 313–14, 318–19
sharing of, 408
History Associates Incorporated, 121, 126–27
history businesses
audiences of, 123–32
basic elements of, 120, 135
business perspective of, 123
customers of, 123–29
market for, 121–29
mission of, 120
money in fueling and measuring success of, 134–35
professional historians of, 129–34
types of, 121–23
History Channel, 128–29
history education, government policy on, 264–65
History in Practice (Jordanova), 3
history making, 1, 7, 32, 58, 90, 105, 179, 313, 435
process of, 403–8
history museums. See also specific museums
in China, 295
collaboration in, 131
community, 76–77, 81–82
decolonization of, 354
defining national identity in (see national identity)
democratic practice in, 144–49
dialogic, 77, 333–35, 337, 344n26, 376–77
diversity in, 353–54
emotional engagement of, 405
environmental history development spurred by, 193–94
exhibitionary complex, 328
farm, 222
history and life connections in, 331
identity and, 328–29, 331–32
for identity-based communities, 335–37
instructional mode of, 327
of life, 455
master narratives in, 349
memorial (see memorial museums)
multiplicity in, 329–30
narratives of, 327
New Social History and, 329
open, 455
postmodern theory and, 330–31
presentation of disabled history by, 90–92 (see also trading zones)
in Progressive Era America, 328–29
provenance labeling in, 473–74
seeing themselves in, 331–33
as sites of knowledge construction, 91
social knowledge and experience in, 404–5
UNESCO work on, 242–43
working-class history and, 431–32
History of Civilizations of Central Asia (UNESCO), 246
History of Humanity (UNESCO), 245–46
“History’s Gay Ghetto: The Contradictions of Growth in Lesbian and Gay History” (Duggan), 178
history textbooks, UNESCO work on, 245–46
History Works, Inc., 2
History Workshop movement, 404, 448, 451
(p. 534) HIV/AIDS
Minnesota criminalization of transmission of, 183–84
Target Corporation policies surrounding, 185–86
Hobsbawm, Eric, 447
Hochschild, Adam, 463
Hofstadter, Richard, 78
Holocaust
comic strip depictions of, 108
Foreign Office role in, 269
memorial for, 454–55
memorial museums for, 372
narratives of, 493–96
De Ontdekking project depicting, 109–14, [link]
terrorist structure of, 448
De Zoektocht project depicting, 114–17, [link]
Holocaust, 451, 495
The Holocaust in American Life (Novick), 377
Holt, James Clarke, 387, 389
Honduras, truth commission in, 170
Hooke, Holger, 3
hope, in written history, 447
Hope and Memory (Todorov), 447
Hoque, Mofidul, 156
hospital records, for missing persons searches, 169
House Historical Office, U.S.
establishment of, 277–81
neutrality of, 286–89
work of, 282–86
House of Representatives, U.S.
bicentennial of, 279–80
structure, operations, and traditions of, 278–81
Howard, Albert, 221
Howard, Ebenezer, 414
Huangjia Huiguan, 302
Hubinon, Victor, 107
human population, environmental history work and, 198–99
human radiation experiments, 266
Human Radiation Experiments: The Department of Energy Roadmap to the Story and the Records, 266
human remains, from colonial Congo, 469–72, [link]
human rights, 141
accountability achieved for, 142–43
archives for support of, 163–73, [link]
dialogue as speaking truth in, 142–43
dialogue in developing democratic practice in, 145–49
Guantánamo Public Memory Project as experimental project for, 150–58
impunity for violations of, 164
multinational projects in, 149–50
role of multiple narratives in, 144–45
sites of conscience and (see sites of conscience)
Hunt, Jonathan, 171–72
Hurricane Katrina, 258–59
Hurricane Sandy, 198
Hutchinson, Emma, 514
Huxley, Julian, 244–45
Huyssen, Andreas, 330, 425
I Am the River, 38n2
Identities: Understanding Islam in a Cross-cultural Context, 9
identity
community (see community identity)
cultural, 453
heritage and, 296–97, 364
in LGBTQ history, 181–83
museums and, 328–29, 331–32
narratives of, 350, 352
national (see national identity)
self and other, 339–41
using history to establish, 125–26
identity-based museums, 335–37, 340
(p. 535) identity history, disability history as, 89–90
identity politics, museum multiplicity and, 330
ILO Century Project, 252–53
images. See historical images
images d’Épinal, 106
Imagining America, 79
impunity, of perpetrators of human rights violations, 164
Independent Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, 266
India, development of public history in, 14
indigenous groups, role in Colombian independence, 350
Indonesia
Bali bombing in (see Bali bombing)
national history of, 506–8
public history in, 505–6
Sacred Pancasila Monument in (see Sacred Pancasila Monument)
World Heritage Sites in, 505
Indonesian Broadcasting Act, 505
Indonesian Communist Party (Partai Komunis Indonesia, PKI), 508
industrial agriculture, 196, 218, 221–24
industrial heritage
arts factory movement and, 428–30
broader interpretation of, 423–25, [link]
definitions in, 424, 437n19
intangible, 430–35
preservation of, 425–28
social museology and, 430–34
information access, UNESCO work on, 246–48
inner mobility, 341
institutional history, 260–62. See also Capitol Hill historians
institutional reform, archives for, 168–69
intangible heritage, 430–35
Intellectual and Action Agenda (UNIHP), 251
interdisciplinary collaboration
in community history, 74–77
knowledge construction through, 409–10
in LGBTQ history, 180–81
interlanguage model, of trading zones, 94–95
International African Association, 462–63
International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, 192
International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), 243–44
International Coalition of Sites of Conscience, 11, 26, 77, 158, 339
founding and purpose of, 141, 149–50
Guantánamo Public Memory Project of, 141, 150–58
International Committee for the Historical Sciences (ICHS), 240–41
International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation (ICIC), 240–41
International Council of Museums (ICOM), 76, 242
International Council on Archives (ICA), 173, 246
International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), 243–44
International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, 167, 172
International Federation for Public History (IFPH), 8, 37, 271
International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), 246
International Labour Organization (ILO), 252–53
International Museums Office, 240
international public history, 8–9
crowdsourcing role in, 30–31
digital history role in, 25–26
glocal dimension of, 26–27
human rights projects in, 149–58
microhistory as origin of, 28–30
practice of, 31–33
reenactments and public archeology as examples of, 27–28
sites of conscience used in, 141
teaching of, 33–36
tertium comparationis in, 26–28
International Restoration Charter, 243
International Slavery Museum in Liverpool, 487
(p. 536) International Union for the Conservation of Nature, 244
Internet, public history on. See digital technology
interviews, congressional, 285–86
Iran–Contra scandal, 288
Iraq war, government history work on, 261
Italian American National Museum, 335
Italy
development of public history in, 6
History Workshop movement in, 448
postwar, 415–16
practice of public history in, 29–30
It was the War of the Trenches (C’était la guerre des tranchées) (Tardi), 108
Janesick, Valerie J., 80
Janssen, Shauna, 430, 439n50
Japanese American National Museum, 335, 337
Japanese prison camps, 171
Al Jazeera, 26
Jean-Nickolaus Tretter Collection in Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies, 179–80
Jedlowski, Paolo, 27
Jemaah Islamiyah, 514
Jews, persecution of. See Holocaust
Jiang Zemin, 297
Jiaqing emperor, 299
Johnson, Sterling, 156
Johnston, Jeff, 151
Johnstone, Barbara, 81
Joinet, Louis, 164
Jolly, Richard, 248, 250, 254
Jordanova, Ludmilla, 3, 304
Joseph, Richard, 126
Julien, Paul, 471
justice, archives for. See archives
“Justice Denied” series, 154
Kalela, Jorma, 413
Kameny, Franklin Edward, 406–7
Kammen, Carol, 126
Kang Qian Sheng Shi, 300
Kangxi emperor, 298–301
Kansteiner, Wulf, 451–52, 454–55
Katrina Archival Records Team, 258–59
Katz, Jonathan Ned, 178–79
Kean, Hilda, 2, 293
Kean, Thomas H., 267
Keating, Joshua, 381
Kelsey, Darwin, 223, 227
Kennedy, Elizabeth Lapovsky, 178
Kennedy, John F., 266
Kensington Museum, 328
Kevil, Andrew, 163
KGB, records of agents, 168
Khmer Legacies, 492, 497, 502
Khmer Rouge genocide. See Cambodian genocide
Kidder, Tracy, 497
kifu, 466
The Killing Fields, 497–98
Kinard, John R., 76
King, Anne, 410–11
King, Martin Luther, Jr., memorial of, 131
Kinte, Kunta, 481–82
Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, Barbara, 217
Kissane, Erin, 57
Kitchen Conversation, of Lower East Side Tenement Museum, 377
Kleist, Reinhard, 118
Knauer, Lisa Maya, 336, 342n8, 345n34, 361
Knell, Simon, 352
Knight, Heather, 396–97
knowledge construction
different approaches to, 415–16
experience and, 408
museums as sites of, 91
through sharing and interdisciplinarity, 409–10
Kohl, Helmut, 451–52
Kollektives Gedächtnis und kulturelle Identität” (Collective Memory and Cultural Identity) (Assmann), 452–53
Kony, Joseph, 381
Kony 2012, 381
Kopolovich, Zvi, 373
Koselleck, Reinhart, 447, 455
Kosovars, identity cleansing of, 163, 173
Kratz, Corinne, 357
Kreps, Christina, 354
Kresse, Hans, 107–8
KulturFabrik, Luxembourg, 428
Küsel, Udo, 362
(p. 537) labor history, in industrial heritage, 423
Lachine Canal, Montreal, 425, 427–29, 438n35, 438n37, 439n54
landscapes, cultural, 312–13
language, disability history dilemmas related to, 92
Latta, Delbert, 280
Laub, Dori, 495
League of Nations, 239–41
Leahy, Patrick, 152
learning processes
content creation based on, 58
history museums and, 329–30
Leclerc, Jean-François, 432–33
Le Creusot Museum, 77
Lee, Robert, 484–85
legal investigations
archives for, 166–67
environmental history development spurred by, 193
history business market created by, 127–28
lekgotla programs, 146
Leland, Waldo, 240, 246
Lenz, Siegfried, 449
Leopold, Richard W., 272
Leopold II, 460, 462–63
lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) history
collaboration in, 179–81
community participation in, 185–86
development of field of, 178–79
oral history and, 178–79
politics of sexuality in, 182–86
Queer Twin Cities (see Queer Twin Cities)
sexuality as principle of social organization in, 183–85
Twin Cities GLBT Oral History Project, 179–81
Lesbian Herstory Archives, 178
Levesque, Claude, 429
Levi, Primo, 496
Levine Museum of the New South, 332
Lewin, Kurt, 75
Liangzhu Site, 352–53
Liberation War Museum, 149–50
Liberty Memorial, 371
Library of Congress
Manuscript Division of, 406–7
Selected Civil War Photographs collection of, 45, [link]
Veterans History Program of, 259
Life Beyond the Label, 97, [link]
LifeStory Productions, 122
Lightle, Cheryl, 128
Lindeman, Henri, 467
Linebaugh, Peter, 391
Linenthal, Edward, 378
Lithuania, vetting of security services in, 168
living history practices
farms, 222–24
as international public history, 27–28
local food activism
balance of pastness and presentism in, 217–18, 225–30
public history and agriculture reconvergence in, 225–29
small-scale agriculture before World War II and, 219–21
small-scale agriculture in postwar period and, 221–24
local history
crowdsourcing role in, 30–31
as origin of international public history, 26–30
Logge, Thorsten, 6
lokombe, 467
London Recruits: The Secret War against Apartheid (Whyte), 411
Lonetree, Amy, 319, 355
Longworth, Nicholas, 278
Loung Ung, 497, 500
Lowell, Massachusetts, 426
Lower East Side Tenement Museum, 145, 332, [link] , 339, 377
Lübbe, Hermann, 454
Lubetkin, Zivia, 494
lumberjack camps, gender and sexual expression in, 183
lustration, archives for, 168–69
Luttrell-Rowland, Mikaela, 381
Lynch, Bernadette, 93
(p. 538) MacBride, Patricia, 155
MacDonald, Megan, 183
Macdonald, Sharon, 360
Madan, Emmanuel, 429
Madrid, Atocha train station of, 374–75
Maes, Joseph, 466, 468, 471
Magna Carta
dissemination of, 388–89
Empire and, 392–93
malleability of, 389
meaning of, 387–91, 396
Our Island Story, 389–91
Runnymede and800th commemoration of, 393–98
significance of, 387
story of, 387–88
validity of, 388
Magna Carta Day, 390
Magna Carta Trust, 393–95
Maister, David, 120, 135
management skills, of historians, 132–33
Managing the Professional Service Firm (Maister), 120
Manassas National Battlefield Park, 310
Mandela, Nelson, 146
manga, 108
Manuscript Division of Library of Congress, 406–7
Mao, Norbert, 381
marginalization, of disabled people by museums, 90–92
marginalized communities, museum inclusion of, 144–45
Margulies, Joe, 154
market, for history businesses, 121–29
Markowitz, Gerald, 193
Marshall, Henrietta E., 389–91
Marsh–Billings–Rockefeller National Historical Park, 229
Martin, Paul, 2, 415
Mass Observation Archive, 411–12
master narrative
application of, 349
critiques of, 353
decolonization of, 354
heritage in, 352–55
national reconciliation as, 362
nation as, 349
material culture, public history and, 410–11
Matsuura, Koïchiro, 251
Maus (Spiegelman), 108
May, Ernest R., 267
Mayrand, Pierre, 431–32, 440n71
M’Bow, Amadou Mahtar, 245
McCarthy, Joseph, 284–85
McGarry, Molly, 179
McIntosh, Thomas, 429
McIntyre, Darryl, 339–40, 353
McNeill, Mark, 38n2
meaning of the past, 10–11, 29, 72, 75–77, 80, 83, 311, 331–32, 371, 375, 403–7. See artifacts: meaning of
media
congressional historian work with, 286–88
Medley-Rath, Stephanie, 128
“Meet Your Metaphor” workshops, 339
memoria, in South America, 143
Memoria Abierta, 142–43, 166
Mémorial de Caen, 32–33
“memorial mania,” 516
memorial museums
Auschwitz–Birkenau State Museum, 375–76
civic renewal in, 378–79
cultural “myth-scapes,” 379
dialogic, 376–77
history of, 370–72
for Holocaust, 372
moral conscience and, 384
Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum, 372–73
personalization and, 369–70, 372–83
personal networking technologies and, 380–81
public history and, 381–82
purpose of, 375–76
for social rehabilitation, 378
spread of, 369–70
terminology of, 384n2
Tribute WTC Visitor Center, 374
violence and, 378
Yad Vashem, 373–74
memorialization, 369, 372–76
memorials. See also specific memorials
history of, 370–72
of King, M. L., Jr., 131
(p. 539) in public history, 506
rhetoric and, 506
for World Wars, 371–72
memory
collective, 125, 287, 380, 431, 449, 452, 479, 483
community history and, 75–76
crowdsourcing of, 30–31
cultural, 453
global emplacement of, 383
institutional (see Capitol Hill historians)
in international public history, 27–30
multidirectional, 310
of nations, 257
postwar Italy and, 415–16
public history and, 10–12
in written history, 447
memory action
in Argentina, 142–43
Guantánamo Public Memory Project as, 153
memory clinic, 433
Memory of the World, 247–48
Meringolo, Denise, 7
Message, Kylie, 309
metadata, digital, 54–55
Metselaar, Menno, 110–11, 113
Mexican guest workers, digital archive on, 48, [link]
Miao people, 296
microhistory, as origin of international public history, 28–30
military history, 260–61, 263
Miller, Daniel, 410
Miller, Graeme, 429
Milosevic, Slobodan, 167
Minnesota, LGBTQ public history projects in, 179. See also Queer Twin Cities
Minnesota Historical Society
1990s community history projects of, 70–72
universal themes frameworks at, 331–32
Minnesota lumberjack camps, 183
Minnesota Statute 609.2241, 183–84
missing persons, archives in search for, 169
missionaries
artifact acquisition by, 468
in Congo Free State, 465
mitigation wetlands, 214
Mitscherlich, Alexander, 454
Mitscherlich, Margarete, 454
Mladic, Ratko, 167
MN 150 Wiki, 59–60
mobile computing devices, content access on, 55–57, [link]
Mohamed, Binyam, 152–53
money, in history businesses, 134–35
Monumen Pancasila Sakti. See Sacred Pancasila Monument
Monument of Return, 486
monuments. See also specific monuments
in public history, 506
as representation of past, 516
rhetoric and, 506
Morgan, Angel & Associates, 126–27
morgue records, for missing persons searches, 169
Mosquera, Juan de Dios, 357
Mouseion, 240
movable heritage, UNESCO work on, 242–43
Müller, Gotelind, 293
multiculturalism
history and, 362
National Museum of Colombia and, 349–50
tolerance of, 354
multidirectional memory, 310
multinational public history projects, 149–50
multiple narratives
for diversification of heritage, 363–64
in history museums, 329–30
in human rights projects, 144–45
in National Museum of Colombia, 349–50
multisensory experience of place, 435
Museé du Quai Branly, 353–54
Museographie, 240
El Museo Municipal de Guantánamo, 157
The Museum Experience, 342n9
Museum of Communist Treachery. See Museum Pengkhianatan PKI
Museum of London, 339–40, 405, 406
Museum of Natural History in Brussels, 463
Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, 354
Museum of the City of New York, 378
Museum of the History of Camps and Workers of the Gulag, 147
Museum of the Person, 432–33
(p. 540) Museum of Tolerance, 149
Museum Pengkhianatan PKI (Museum of Communist Treachery), 508
museums. See history museums
Museums Connect program, 9
Musinga, Yuhi, 468
Mussell, Jim, 13
MyBlockNYC, 332
My Brother for Example (Am Beispiel meines Bruders) (Timm), 453–54
Myles, Kwesi, 480
Nachdenken über die Deutsche Geschichte (Thinking about German History) (Nipperdey), 455–56
Naked City (Zukin), 429–30
Na Li, 14, 19n61
narratives
dispute between different, 456–57
of history museums, 327
of Holocaust, 493–96
of identity, 350, 352
master (see master narrative)
multiple (see multiple narratives)
new ways of viewing, 309–10
obstacles to Cambodian genocide, 496–501
univocal, 353
narrative truth, 184–85
Nasakom, 507
Nassar, Habib, 155
nation, memory of, 257
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), History Division of, 261–62
National Archives and Records Administration, 257
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States, 267
National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, 266
National Council on Public History (NCPH), 29, 33–34, 271
National Defense Education Act, 285
National Heritage Area, in Pennsylvania coal country, 207
National History Museum of Argentina in Buenos Aires, 361–62
National Holocaust Museum, 330–31
national identity
cultural dialogues and, 312–13
heritage role in, 296–97, 315–19
identity-based museums and, 335–37
museums and, 328–29
national museums and, 349–55, 361–64
new conceptions of, 309–10
public surveys and, 313–15
in United States, 311–12
National Library of Australia in Canberra, 406
National Memorial for the Victims of War and Terror, 451
National Museum in Nairobi, 357
National Museum of African American History and Culture, 335, 337, 487
National Museum of American History, 340, 378, 405
National Museum of Australia, 193–94, 309, 312, 361
National Museum of Colombia
afro wigs in, 350, [link] , 358–59
diversifying heritage at, 355–59
diversifying in, 355
founding and principles of, 349–50
heritage and, 350, 352, 359–61
Histories of a Cry exhibition at, 358–59
history from below and above in, 361–64
master narrative of, 349
representing new old heritage, 352–55
Wakes and Live Saints exhibition at, 355–57, [link]
National Museum of Jewish History, 335
National Museum of Natural History, 357
National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI), 335–37, 354–55
National Park Service, U.S.
cultural landscapes of, 312–13
environmental history work for, 195
heritage conservation by, 316–17
history work of, 259, 270
National Register of Historic Places, 316–17
National Portrait Gallery, 338–39
(p. 541) National Security Agency, Center for Cryptologic History of, 262
National Trust for Historic Preservation, U.S., 315
National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, 377
National World War II Memorial, 371
National World War I Museum, 371
natural resources, environmental history in management of, 190–93
Naugatuck Valley, Connecticut, brass workers project in, 80
Navigating Differences, 150
Nawrotzki, Kristen, 13
Nazi party
expectations of, 447
History Workshop movement and, 451
infiltration of ideology of, 449
liberation from, 452
place in history, 452
Volksgemeinschaft by, 455
war crimes and, 454
Nazi state
extermination policies of (see Holocaust)
Foreign Office role in, 269
Needham, Joseph, 245
Neely, Brandon, 155
Nestle, Joan, 178
Netherlands
apologies for slavery in, 488
development of public history in, 6
government resignation in, 268
De Ontdekking project in, 109–14, [link]
storm-surge barriers in, 198
De Zoektocht project in, 114–17, [link]
Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD), 17n33, 268
Neufeld, David, 309–10
neutrality, in congressional history, 286–89
new media. See digital technology
New Order, in Indonesia, 505–8, 510–11
New Social History, 329, 342n8
new urban history, 74
New Year Baby, 492
New York City
Chinatown History Project in, 77
democratic museum practices in, 145
industrial heritage in, 429–30
New Zealand, practice of public history in, 26, 38
Nield, Keith, 403
Nielsen, Jakob, 53
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 516
9/11 Commission, 267
NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 17n33
Nipperdey, Thomas, 455–56
Nixon, Richard, 277, 285
Nkrumah, Kwame, 485
Noiret, Serge, 8
Nolden, Nico, 6
“Nonhegemonic curating,” 335
Nora, Pierre, 75
Normandy invasion, 31–33
North Carolina History Center, 362–63
Notosusanto, Nugroho, 511
Novick, Peter, 73, 377
Nubia conservation campaign, 243
Oakland Museum’s Gallery of California History, 332, [link]
Oaxaca, Mexico, community museums of, 81–82
Obama, Barack, 151, 153
“Object Retrieval: You Are the Routemaster,” 409
ocean wildlife, environmental history work and, 199
O’Connell, Libby, 128
Okiek photographs, 357
Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum, 372–73, 378
Olbrechts, Frans, 469
Old Fort Prison, Johannesburg, 146
Olick, Jeffrey, 379
Oliver, Dan, 332
(p. 542) On Common Ground: Minnesota Communities, 70–72
Oneg Shabbat, 494
De Ontdekking (A Family Secret) (Heuvel), 109–14, [link]
“On the Meaning of the Slave Forts and Castles of Ghana,” 484
open museum, 455
open story spaces, human rights projects using, 142–45
Open University, 413–14
oral history. See United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): oral history of
community projects of, 75, 79
congressional, 285–86
and deindustrialization, 433–34
in government history work, 258–59
in international public history, 29–30
and marginalized groups, 499
and memory, 415–16
as narrative form of truth, 184–85
postwar Italy and, 415–16
shared authority in, 75
social justice using, 80
survival stories of Cambodians and, 497, 499–500
Twin Cities GLBT Oral History Project, 179–81 (see also Queer Twin Cities)
in working class history, 433–35
organizational history, businesses catering to, 125–26
Organization of African Unity, 488
Ortoleva, Peppino, 5
Ortuso, Frances, 433
O’Sullivan, Lisa, 92
Oswald, Lee Harvey, 266
Our Island Story: A History of Britain for Boys and Girls from the Romans to Queen Victoria (Marshall), 389–91
OutHistory.Org, 179
overcoming the past. See Vergangenheitsbewältigung
Oxford Handbook on the United Nations, 249
Paddy’s Bar, 511
PANAFEST, 482
Pancasila, 507
Parks Australia, 316
Parks Canada, industrial heritage projects of, 426–28
park systems, defining national identity in. See national identity
Partai Komunis Indonesia. See Indonesian Communist Party
participatory action research, 75
partnerships, 70, 76, 78, 80, 83, 94, 96, 123, 134, 158, 210–11, 229–30, 294
Passavant, 471
Passerini, Luisa, 29–30, 408
past
entertainment uses of, 128–29
greed in distortion of, 134–35
legal uses of, 127–28
organizations’ use of, 125–26
people’s use of, 124–26, 129
places’ use of, 126
policy-making uses of, 126–27
professional definitions and public perceptions of, 124, 313–14, 318–19
pastness
postwar agriculture and, 221–24
presentism balance with, 217–18, 225–30
small-scale agriculture before World War II and, 219–21
patrimonio, in South America, 143
patriotism education, cultural tourism in China and, 294–96
Peffer, John, 468–69
Pennsylvania, coal country of. See Appalachian coal country
Perm- 36, Gulag museum at, 146–47
Permarisudha, 513
personal histories, 411
personal hobbies, history business market created by, 128
as element of good history, 131
personal networking technologies, memorial museums and, 380–81
personal papers, for human rights prosecutions, 167
personal records, for institutional reform, 168
(p. 543) perspective, postmodern thinking on, 72–74
Phelan, Edward, 253
photo albums, family history preservation using, 121–22
photographs
crowdsourcing of, 31
in government history work, 258
for human rights prosecutions, 167
PhotosNormandiere, 31
Physical Resistance: A Hundred Years of Anti-Fascism (Hann), 416
Picard, Michel, 296
Pickering, Tom, 152
Pierce, Jennifer L., 182
Pietrobruno, Sheenagh, 12–13
Pilote, 107
Pimpurniaux, Alexandre, 464
place, multisensory experience of, 435
place-based community assets, 212–14
place history, businesses catering to, 126
Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires, public memory movement for dictatorship accountability in, 142
Plimoth Plantation, 222, 229
policy history, market for, 126–27
policy making
government history work for, 263–64
for history education, 264–65
UNESCO contributions to, 241–48
political meaning, public surveys and, 313–15
politics of sexuality, 182–86
pollution, 193, 196
population levels, environmental history work and, 198–99
Pop Up Museum of Queer History, 179
Portelli, Alessandro, 30, 415
Portillo, Michael, 391–92
“Portraits of Grief,” 384n11
postindustrialism, 423–25
postmemory, 379–80
postmodern thinking, multiple perspectives in, 72–74
Potala Palace, 298
“The Power of Place: The Future of the Historic Environment” (English Heritage), 319
Pratt Museum of Art, Science and Culture, 77
prejudice, disability history and, 88
The Presence of the Past: Popular Uses of History in American Life (Rosenzweig and Thelen), 30, 124–25, 129, 134
presentism
pastness balance with, 217–18, 225–30
postwar agriculture and, 221–24
preservation
communities, 75
UNESCO work on, 243–45
President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992, 266–67
Preussen–Versuch einer Bilanz (Prussia–An Attempt at a Balance), 450
Preziosi, Donald, 352, 363
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, 52, [link]
pride, tolerance and, 339
Principles for the Conservation of Heritage Sites in China, 294, 301
private ownership, of museums, 328
professional service firms, mission of, 120
profit, of history businesses, 134–35
Progressive Era America, museums in, 328–29
project management, by historians, 133
propaganda, comic strip use in, 117
prosecution, archives for, 166–67
provenance
good practice in labeling for, 472–74
transparent labeling of, 466
unveiling of, 460–61
Prussia, West Berlin exhibition on, 450
Prussia–An Attempt at a Balance (Preussen–Versuch einer Bilanz), 450
public access, to museums, 328
public archeology, 27–28, 39n15
Public Documents Commission, 283
public health history, environmental history and, 193
The Public Historian, 1, 3, 29, 31–32
public history. See education: public history
academic responses to, 413–15
agriculture reconvergence with, 225–29
approaches to knowledge creation, 415–16
archives and, 406–8
audiences of, 7–8, 313–15
community-based (see community history)
(p. 544) definitions of, 1–4, 403
development of current field of, 4–8
disability-related (see disability history)
family history, 411–13
future of, 14–15
graphic novel use in (see comic strips)
for human rights (see human rights)
in Indonesia, 505–6
internationalization of (see international public history)
of Magna Carta, 387 (see also Magna Carta)
material culture and, 410–11
memory and, 10–12
monuments and memorials in, 506
new media and (see digital technology)
participatory culture of, 403–5
as presentation of history to public, 404–5
recent changes to, 9–10
through sharing and interdisciplinarity, 409–10
sharing of, 408
sources used in, 121
traumatic event personalization and, 381–83
university programs in, 4–6, 8, 14–15, 33–36
U.S. practice of, 25, 29
public history professionals, 3
The Public History Reader (Kean, H., and Martin), 2
Public History Weekly, 1, 15n1
public information requests, 262
Publicity Department of the CPC, 295
public memory projects
in Argentina, 142–43
Guantánamo Public Memory Project as, 150–58
in South Africa, 144–45
Public Works Historical Society, 195
Puputan Jagaraga, 512
Purbrick, Louise, 416
pygmies, 471
Qianlong emperor, 298–301
Qing Dynasty, 298–301
Quartier Ephemère, Montreal, 429
Quartiers Disparus/Vanished Neighbourhoods, 433–34, 441n88
Queer Twin Cities, 180
community reception of, 185–86
development of, 181–82
themes of, 183–85
Race: Are We So Different?, 337, [link]
radiation experiments, human, 266
Raid on Deerfield: The Many Stories of 1704, 49, [link]
Rassool, Ciraj, 364
Rawlings, Jerry, 485
Reading, Anna, 380
reclamation, environmental. See environmental reclamation
recollection, in personal memory and history, 382–83
records, 174n4
congressional, 282–85
descriptions of, 172–73
governmental (see governmental records)
for human rights prosecutions, 166–67
for missing persons searches, 169
for restitution and reparations, 170–71
review of, 173
rights to, 164–66, [link]
for truth commissions, 169–70
Red Army Faction, 449
Redpath Sugar Refinery, [link]
reenactments, as international public history, 27–28
reform, archives for, 168–69
refugees
from Cambodian genocide, 496–97
Haitian, 151, 153, 155–56
Rehe Cultural Relics Preservation Institute, 299–300
Reichard, P., 472
reparation, archives for, 170–71
reparations movement, 488–89
repetition, in personal memory and history, 382–83
Report of the Committee on Functional and Adaptive Uses, 485
repression, transitional justice after. See transitional justice
(p. 545) research, by historians, 132, 279, 282
Research Centre for Museums and Galleries at the University of Leicester, Rethinking Disability Representation project of, 96–98, [link]
Resistance Museum in Frisia, De Ontdekking project of, 109–14, [link]
responsibility, in Germany, 456
restitution, archives for, 170–71
restricted access, to museums, 328
resurrectionism, as international public history, 27–28
Rethinking Disability Representation in Museums and Galleries, 96–98, [link]
retroactive justice claims, history business market created by, 127–28
rhetoric, 506
Rice, Condoleezza, 272
Richardson, Ruth, 414
Ricoeur, Paul, 11
right to know, 164–66, [link]
Rigney, Ann, 310
Ringelblum, Emanuel, 494
Ringelblum Archives, 494
Ritchie, Don, 7
Rivière, Georges Henri, 77, 431–32
Robbins, Joyce, 379
Robin, Libby, 193–94
Rockefeller, Laurance, 229
Rockefeller, Mary French, 229
Rodale, J. I., 221
Rodgers, Daniel T., 345n30
Rom, Léon, 469
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 99n12, 260
Roots, 481, 495
Roowaan, Ries, 125–26
Rosenzweig, Roy, 13, 30, 98, 311–12, 336
history use survey of, 124–25, 129, 134, 313–15, 319
Rosie the Riveter, 259
Rosner, David, 193
Ross, Cathy, 405
Rothberg, Michael, 310
Rothman, Hal K., 194–95
Rothschild, Emma, 251
Rothstein, Edward, 336, 363
Royal Congolese Museum, 469
Royal Museum for Central Africa, 460, 462, 470
Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and of Military History, 460, 472
Rubin, Gayle, 178
Ruhr district, Germany, Route of Industrial Heritage in, 426
Runnymede, 393, [link] , [link]
Russia
history education in, 265
human rights projects after Soviet repression in, 146–47
World War II and lives lost by, 447–48
Sachs, Albie, 154
Sacred Pancasila Day, 508, 510
Sacred Pancasila Monument (Monumen Pancasila Sakti), 506, [link]
bas-relief frieze of, 508, [link]
historian disputes of, 510–11
layout of, 508–9
national consciousness and, 516
Salles, Georges, 242
“salvage paradigm,” 466
Samaran, Charles, 246
Samuel, Raphael, 27, 340, 371, 404, 414
Sanchez, Margarita Uria, 156
Sandell, Richard, 92–93, 330
San Francisco Lesbian and Gay History Project, 178–79
Santa Ana del Valle, Mexico, community museum of, 81
Santiago de Chile Roundtable on the Development and the Role of Museums in the Contemporary World, 76
Santikarma, Degung, 512–13, 515
Santos, 106
Sari Club, 511
Savage, Kirk, 425
Sayer, Faye, 3
Schadla-Hall, Tim, 39n15
Schama, Simon, 7
Scheinfeldt, Tom, 15n1
Schindler’s List, 495
Schippers, Lies, 114, 116
(p. 546) Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., 277
Schorch, Philipp, 340–41, 346n51
Schröder, Gerhard, 454–55
Schumpeter, Joseph, 423
scrapbooking, 121–22, 128
Screaming Queens: The Riot at Compton’s Cafeteria (Stryker and Silverman), 179
The Search (De Zoektocht) (Heuvel), 114–17, [link]
Second Opium War, 299
security services
archives of, 164–65
vetting of, 168
Seddulbahir Fortress restoration, 79
“seeing themselves,” in history museums, 331–33
Selected Civil War Photographs, 45, [link]
self and other identity,