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date: 29 March 2020

(p. xv) Editors’ note

(p. xv) Editors’ note

How global economic integration and technological change impact job creation in countries around the world is a matter of acute interest for policy makers and scholars. We began our study of globalization and offshoring in the mid-1990s. The offshoring of manufacturing had accelerated and changing telecommunications technology was just beginning to enable global trade of many services activities previously thought to be firmly in the local or domestic sphere. The global labor market for many occupations and activities initially seemed a one-way migration of jobs from developed to developing economies, but it soon became evident that a more complex mix of effects and impacts was under way in both sets of countries. Data limitations and even conceptual issues related to measuring services trade and trade in intermediate goods made analysis of employment effects challenging. However, over the past decade, a rich body of literature has emerged that has effectively confronted this challenge. The collection of essays in this book pulls together work of some of the most eminent scholars and thinkers in the field as well as some “emerging” experts. The work is unique on two counts: first, it looks at both sides of the offshoring divide—from the point of view of countries that have offshored jobs, as well as the perspective of countries in the developing world that have been at the receiving end; and second, many of the chapters also deal with the impact of the global economic crisis, which brought all these issues into sharper focus. (p. xvi)