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date: 22 January 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Since the late 1980s, Australian higher-education providers have been venturing abroad to establish teaching partnerships and branch campuses. Along with the United States and the United Kingdom, Australia is one of three large-scale providers of programs to students based in other countries, with around 150,000 students enrolled in Australian programs taught offshore in 2010. This chapter considers three modes of supply that involve the education provider delivering education in the student’s home country. “Cross-border supply” involves an educational institution in one country teaching a student who is resident in another country through distance or online education or through collaborative provision with a local partner institution. “Commercial presence” involves an educational institution based on one country establishing a branch campus in another country. “Presence of natural persons” involves staff of an educational institution (teachers, administrators, or marketing staff) traveling to provide educational services in another country.

Keywords: Australian higher education, education services, teaching partnerships, offshore educational programs, cross-border supply, educational institutions, commercial presence, presence of natural persons

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