- Consulting Editors
- List of Contributors
- Editors’ note
- The Global Lessons of Offshoring
- On Technical Progress and the Gains and Losses from Outsourcing
- Service Offshoring and Labor Demand in Europe
- Services Offshoring and the Relative Demand for White-collar Workers in German Manufacturing
- The Sector Bias of Offshoring: Empirical Importance for Labor-market Implications
- How Much Does Offshoring Matter?: Evolution of Imports and their Relation to Profits, Labor, and Firms’ Strategies in France, 1990–2009
- The Welfare State as an Investment Strategy: Denmark’s Flexicurity Policies
- The Impact of Overseas R&D on Domestic R&D Employment
- The Impact of Offshoring by Service Firms on a Country’s Comparative Advantage
- Offshoring and Japanese Firms
- Offshoring of Japanese Small and Medium Enterprises
- Trade in Middle Products between South Korea and China: A Survey on the Extent of Offshore Production Sharing
- Offshoring, Inward Investment, and Export Performance in Ireland
- Offshoring Higher Education: The Australian Experience
- Employment Expansion in Globalization: How Is China Responding to the Change in Comparative Advantage?
- The Changing Character of Indian Offshore ICT Services Provision, 1985–2010
- Offshoring Strategy in Subdsidiaries of Multinational Corporations in Brazil
- Evaluation of Russia’s Attractiveness as an IT Offshoring Destination
- Job Quality in Offshored Business Services
- Does Industrial Upgrading Generate Employment and Wage Gains?
- Regional Competitiveness in the Latin America Offshore Services Value Chain
- Are NAFTA and Export-oriented Industrialization Passé for Mexico’s Economy? Global Lessons
- Kenya’s IT-Enabled Services and Employment Consequences of Offshore Linkages
- Industrial Strategy, Offshoring, and Employment Promotion in South Africa
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the offshoring of Japanese small and medium enterprises (SMEs) using a unique data set that contains detailed information on offshoring. Section 1 begins by describing the data. Section 2 summarizes the offshoring characteristics of Japanese SMEs. Section 3 examines the determinants of offshoring, focusing on the choice between intrafirm and arm’s-length offshoring. Sections 4, 5, and 6 investigate the impact of offshoring on employment, skill upgrading, and productivity. Section 7 summarizes the results and concludes. Throughout the chapter, the results for Japanese SMEs are compared with the results for larger firms as evidenced in past studies.
Yasuyuki Todo is Professor, Department of International Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, and Faculty Fellow, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry.
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