- Consulting Editors
- List of Contributors
- Editors’ note
- The Global Lessons of Offshoring
- On Technical Progress and the Gains and Losses from Outsourcing
- Service Offshoring and Labor Demand in Europe
- Services Offshoring and the Relative Demand for White-collar Workers in German Manufacturing
- The Sector Bias of Offshoring: Empirical Importance for Labor-market Implications
- How Much Does Offshoring Matter?: Evolution of Imports and their Relation to Profits, Labor, and Firms’ Strategies in France, 1990–2009
- The Welfare State as an Investment Strategy: Denmark’s Flexicurity Policies
- The Impact of Overseas R&D on Domestic R&D Employment
- The Impact of Offshoring by Service Firms on a Country’s Comparative Advantage
- Offshoring and Japanese Firms
- Offshoring of Japanese Small and Medium Enterprises
- Trade in Middle Products between South Korea and China: A Survey on the Extent of Offshore Production Sharing
- Offshoring, Inward Investment, and Export Performance in Ireland
- Offshoring Higher Education: The Australian Experience
- Employment Expansion in Globalization: How Is China Responding to the Change in Comparative Advantage?
- The Changing Character of Indian Offshore ICT Services Provision, 1985–2010
- Offshoring Strategy in Subdsidiaries of Multinational Corporations in Brazil
- Evaluation of Russia’s Attractiveness as an IT Offshoring Destination
- Job Quality in Offshored Business Services
- Does Industrial Upgrading Generate Employment and Wage Gains?
- Regional Competitiveness in the Latin America Offshore Services Value Chain
- Are NAFTA and Export-oriented Industrialization Passé for Mexico’s Economy? Global Lessons
- Kenya’s IT-Enabled Services and Employment Consequences of Offshore Linkages
- Industrial Strategy, Offshoring, and Employment Promotion in South Africa
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on the implications of services offshoring for a small, open European economy, the Netherlands. Services trade is very active in Europe and much of this trade occurs among European countries. For the smaller countries in particular, offshoring provides access to a range of services and skills that are not available within the country. The Netherlands is one of the top three offshoring countries in the OECD. The chapter suggests that the image of offshoring as the transfer of low-wage work to developing countries is an inaccurate simplification and that in fact, the destination country may have relatively small wage differences and high education levels vis-à-vis the home country. It argues that cost competition cannot be the response to offshoring, as cost advantages are often short lived, even for developing countries. Instead, the focus should be on the creation of sustainable comparative local advantages
Désirée van Gorp is Professor of International Business Strategy and Associate Dean of Degree Programs, Nyenrode Business Universiteit, Netherlands.
Dr Desirée van Welsum is a consultant with the RAND Corporation (USA) and INSEAD (France).
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