- Consulting Editors
- List of Contributors
- Editors’ note
- The Global Lessons of Offshoring
- On Technical Progress and the Gains and Losses from Outsourcing
- Service Offshoring and Labor Demand in Europe
- Services Offshoring and the Relative Demand for White-collar Workers in German Manufacturing
- The Sector Bias of Offshoring: Empirical Importance for Labor-market Implications
- How Much Does Offshoring Matter?: Evolution of Imports and their Relation to Profits, Labor, and Firms’ Strategies in France, 1990–2009
- The Welfare State as an Investment Strategy: Denmark’s Flexicurity Policies
- The Impact of Overseas R&D on Domestic R&D Employment
- The Impact of Offshoring by Service Firms on a Country’s Comparative Advantage
- Offshoring and Japanese Firms
- Offshoring of Japanese Small and Medium Enterprises
- Trade in Middle Products between South Korea and China: A Survey on the Extent of Offshore Production Sharing
- Offshoring, Inward Investment, and Export Performance in Ireland
- Offshoring Higher Education: The Australian Experience
- Employment Expansion in Globalization: How Is China Responding to the Change in Comparative Advantage?
- The Changing Character of Indian Offshore ICT Services Provision, 1985–2010
- Offshoring Strategy in Subdsidiaries of Multinational Corporations in Brazil
- Evaluation of Russia’s Attractiveness as an IT Offshoring Destination
- Job Quality in Offshored Business Services
- Does Industrial Upgrading Generate Employment and Wage Gains?
- Regional Competitiveness in the Latin America Offshore Services Value Chain
- Are NAFTA and Export-oriented Industrialization Passé for Mexico’s Economy? Global Lessons
- Kenya’s IT-Enabled Services and Employment Consequences of Offshore Linkages
- Industrial Strategy, Offshoring, and Employment Promotion in South Africa
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter provides an overview of the sector bias of offshoring, focusing on the empirical importance for labor-market effects. Section 2 starts by summarizing the main theoretical findings of the sector bias of offshoring and provides empirically testable hypotheses concerning labor-market implications. Section 3 addresses measurement problems. It discusses the problems arising when offshoring needs to be proxied at the industry level. Different indices that are used to measure offshoring activities are presented and examined with respect to their quality. Section 4 presents empirical results for Germany that illuminate the existence of the sector bias of offshoring. Section 5 discusses the empirical results from an exhaustive perspective, also taking different labor-market institutions into account. Section 6 concludes by summarizing the main results and addressing possible lines for further research. Relevant issues for policy makers are extracted as well.
Daniel Horgos is Research Economist at the Helmut Schmidt University.
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