Abstract and Keywords
Psychologists who understand the nuances of impaired cognitive abilities, especially within the context of personality and emotional factors, are uniquely qualified to provide interventions for cognitive and psychosocial difficulties following brain injury. Such interventions fall under the labels cognitive rehabilitation and neuropsychological rehabilitation. Following a brief overview of the historical precursors of neuropsychological rehabilitation, the chapter focuses upon developments in the 20th century through the present, some European, mostly German and Russian, and primarily those in the United States. The manner in which the fields of clinical neuropsychology and rehabilitation medicine provided context and complemented the development of neuropsychological rehabilitation is highlighted. Current trends and future implications are addressed, with an emphasis on the examination of individual patient characteristics and therapy factors to optimize clinical outcomes.
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