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date: 09 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter charts the history of aphasiology from antiquity to the recent past. An arbitrary line is drawn to include paragraphs of only those who passed, to avoid the review of large amounts of currently active research. References are provided for original work as well as other historical reviews, the review groups, scientific and conceptual developments in historical time periods, regions of work, disciplines, and schools of thought. Contemporary aphasiology is part of the neurosciences, both basic and applied, advancing at a pace so precipitous as to be almost disorienting. We are benefiting from today’s incredible advances in MRI, PET, functional MRI, voxel-based morphometry, transcortical stimulation and white matter diffusion imaging, genetic and molecular biology laboratory work, and continuing clinical experience. History is being made at almost every minute and is better recorded than ever before. An update is already overdue.

Keywords: history, aphasia, apraxia, speech, language, neurology, neuropsychology, linguistics

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