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date: 25 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article has been commissioned as part of the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Music Revival edited by Caroline Bithell and Juniper Hill. The revival of music and dance plays an integral role in reclaiming indigenous cultural identity. This chapter discusses the factors that resulted in the loss of cultural identity among many Native Americans, the social and economic conditions that stimulated widespread indigenous music revivals beginning in the 1970s, and some of the ways in which indigenous music revivals compare to similar movements elsewhere. The chapter presents case studies of music revivals among the Choctaw and Chickasaw people of Oklahoma, describing each tribe’s historic repertories, the roles of the individuals who mobilized each movement, revival strategies, and outcomes. The case studies suggest that, for the Choctaw and Chickasaw, music revival provided a means of reclaiming cultural identity through the integration of historic practice with contemporary experience. In this way, music revival contributes to both individual and community transformation while communicating distinctive cultural identities within a plural society.

Keywords: Reclaiming cultural identity, Indigenous music, music revival, transformation, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Native American, Oklahoma

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