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date: 26 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This article has been commissioned as part of the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Music Revival edited by Caroline Bithell and Juniper Hill. This essay defines revival as a current that runs along the history of musical movements, offering earlier, marginalized or peripheral musical elements to innovative musicians who incorporate them into their songs. Following the evolution of Brazilian popular music from bossa nova to protest bossa to Tropicália, the essay identifies moments where musicians accessed this revival current and examines the motivations—aesthetic, countercultural, and political—that draw musicians to incorporate revived sounds. Different from revival movements, revival currents weave in and out of musical movements and the careers of musicians, simultaneously fostering innovation while forging links to past musical movements. The essay focuses on contentious moments in Brazilian popular music to describe how different forms of engagement with revival currents may draw boundaries or create bridges between musical movements.

Keywords: Revival, innovation, Brazil, bossa nova, Tropicália, politics, counterculture, revival current

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