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date: 17 September 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter draws on research from social epidemiology to examine the relationships between insecurity, unemployment, and health. It outlines the rise of insecurity at work and provides a working definition. It then describes some of the key longitudinal studies that have described the relationship between job insecurity and health outcomes. The key explanations for this association are also explored. The chapter then summarizes the large literature on unemployment and health, examining mental health and suicide, mortality, self-reported health, and health behaviors. The chapter then examines international variations in the relationships between insecurity, unemployment, and health, with a particular focus on the role of welfare state policies and social safety nets. The chapter concludes by reflecting on the policy implications and highlighting key areas for future research.

Keywords: unemployment, health, insecurity, inequality, welfare state, Europe

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