- Introduction: Thirteen Propositions About Propaganda
- The Invention of Propaganda: A Critical Commentary on and Translation of Inscrutabili Divinae Providentiae Arcano
- Brazilian and North American Slavery Propagandas: Some Thoughts on Difference
- A World to Win: Propaganda and African American Expressive Culture
- Literacy or Legibility: The Trace of Subjectivity in Soviet Socialist Realism
- Narrative and Mendacity: Anti-semitic Propaganda in Nazi Germany
- The “Hidden Tyrant”: Propaganda, Brainwashing, and Psycho-Politics in the Cold War Period
- Roof for a House Divided: How U.S. Propaganda Evolved into Public Diplomacy
- “Thought-Work” and Propaganda: Chinese Public Diplomacy and Public Relations After Tiananmen Square
- Instruction, Indoctrination, Imposition: Conceptions of Propaganda in the Field of Education
- Books in the Cold War: Beyond “Culture” and “Information”
- “The New Vehicle of Nationalism”: Radio Goes to War
- Built on a Lie: Propaganda, Pedagogy, and the Origins of the Kuleshov Effect
- Propagating Modernity: German Documentaries from the 1930s: Information, Instruction, and Indoctrination
- “Order Out of Chaos”: Freud, Fascism, and the Golden Age of American Advertising
- Propaganda and Pleasure: From Kracauer to Joyce
- “The World’s Greatest Adventure in Advertising”: Walter Lippmann’s Critique of Censorship and Propaganda
- Propaganda Among the Ruins
- Jacques Ellul’s Contribution to Propaganda Studies
- The Ends of Misreading: Propaganda, Democracy, Literature
- Propaganda vs. Education: A Case Study of Hate Radio in Rwanda
- Dissent, Truthiness, and Skepticism in the Global Media Landscape: Twenty-First Century Propaganda in Times of War
- Propaganda in Egypt and Syria’s “Cyberwars”: Contexts, Actors, Tools, and Tactics
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines how authoritarian regimes and their opponents utilize modern means of communication, or the so-called process of “cyberwars,” to serve their propaganda efforts in their competition for power, as exemplified in the Egyptian revolution and the Syrian uprising of 2011, which are part of the “Arab Awakening.” Propaganda is not viewed in this article as a decontextualized and abstract persuasion effort, but rather as the dynamic, material act of “propagating” specific politically persuasive messages by real “actors” protecting or challenging regime legitimacy and survival by using certain “tactics” and “tools” within a specific “context.”
Sahar Khamis is an assistant professor in the department of communication at the University of Maryland, College Park. She is an expert on Arab and Muslim media and the former head of the Mass Communication department at Qatar University.
Paul Gold is Assistant Professor of Counseling, Higher Education, and Special Education at the University of Maryland at College Park and licensed psychologist. He develops, implements, and evaluates comprehensive team- and community-based rehabilitation approaches to help marginalized persons with severe mental disorders, addictions, and disabilities to return to full community participation.
Katherine Vaughn is a Masters in Public Policy and MBA dual degree candidate at the School of Public Policy and RH Smith School of Business, respectively, at the University of Maryland College Park. Katherine has coauthored a series of articles on social media use in the Arab uprisings, and she conducted a research study on the constraints of women entrepreneurs in Morocco.
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