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date: 23 May 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Land conservation provides many environmental benefits, as well as concrete economic benefits. Because of their public good attributes, conservation often requires the intervention of government or private organizations is needed. This chapter explores four categories of US land conservation: participatory (publicly protected land, conservation easements), regulation (development restriction, spatially based limits), incentive-based (working land programs, preferential taxation, tax deductions), and hybrid forms (land trusts efforts). The recent literature is reviewed and results outlined for these conservation programs.

Keywords: conservation programs, parks, easements, use-value taxation, land trusts, public lands, working land programs, land retirement

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